Grade "Vyacheslaw"trees, columnar cherry is increasingly gaining popularity among gardeners. This is a short-growing plant, which not only has an attractive appearance, but also abundant fruiting. With proper care and planting, the tree is able to please its owners with a large number of fragrant and juicy berries.
Main varieties of columnar cherry
This type of fruit trees is in particular demand. Due to its small size and compact root system, they can be grown not only in the open field, but also in flowerpots. The advantage of such plants is that they take root well and begin to bear fruit quickly.
The best variety of columnar cherry for cultivation in the Moscow region is the “Ashinsky hybrid”.
This species has a good yield and attractive appearance. It is the “Baby” that is often used to create an unusual interior. The berries in this variety are juicy, bright red. Ripe fruits weigh up to 10 grams. Due to their good taste, they are excellent for various processing. Flowering observed in early spring.
Pink Buds. A distinctive feature of this variety is a good yield and ability to self-pollinate. The tree grows up to two meters in height, which makes it possible to plant it even in small areas. Trunk straight with many shoots.
Read also: The benefits and harms of cherries for human health
Kolonovid cherry "Delight"
This variety is the work of Dutch breeders. It was withdrawn in 2015, but in a short time managed to conquer the hearts of many gardeners. Good varietal characteristics and impressive yields contributed to this popularity. Up to 35 kg of berries per season can be harvested from an adult tree. Fruit weight ranges from 10 to 15 grams. Berries differ in saturated red color. The flesh is very juicy and sweet. Maturation of this variety falls in the middle of July.
Columnar cherry "Delight" refers to a group of dwarf plants. With proper maintenance in the garden, the tree is able to grow up to 2 m tall. Due to its decoration, it is often planted in pots and containers. The crown of the plant has a narrow pyramidal shape, on which there are practically no branches. The first fruiting can be observed in the second year of life. Care of this variety is very simple. Cherry copes with many diseases, but is quite sensitive to low temperatures.
Colony Cherry "Queen"
This is one of the largest varieties of colonic cherry. The tree grows up to 2.5 meters high. The plant blooms colorfully, highlighting the pleasant, rich aroma that can spread over a substantial distance. Fruits of a dark red shade. Their weight reaches 7 grams. This variety does not need pruning and special care.
This is a late ripening look.“Koroleva” is a variety of columnar cherry, which is suitable for cultivation in the Moscow region. The tree tolerates low air temperatures and is resistant to various diseases.
Read also: Cherry diseases and control: photo and description
Colony-shaped cherry “Ashinsky Hybrid”
This is one of the new varieties, which was bred from a cherry called "Ashinskaya".The plant tolerates difficult weather conditions and harsh winters. The tree is small. Its height does not exceed two meters. This plant is grown both for harvest and as an ornamental tree. Self-pollination of the “Ashinsky Hybrid” occurs partially, therefore, in order to increase its fruiting, it is necessary to plant the tree pollinator “Delight” next to it. The ripening period of the berries falls on the second part of July. Mature trees can produce up to 30 kg of crop. The berries are sweet and very fragrant. They are well tolerated transportation at various distances.
All of the above varieties are very easy to clean. To grow on your site a young dwarf tree will have no difficulty. Minimum rules - and your plant will be the best decoration of the estate.
Servicing and planting of columnar cherry
In relation to standard trees, undersized ones have a different structure of the crown and root system. Such plants do not need much space. In order for them to feel well, it is enough to adhere to the distance between the seedlings of 0.5 meters. Such an interval will not affect the fruiting of the cherry.
Planting should be carried out in a specially prepared hole. At the bottom of the recess you need to lay a layer of a mixture of black soil and humus. If the area where the cherry will grow, high acidity, then you should add a little wood ash.
Read also: Features varieties of strawberries Rügen
To plant a tree should only be in loose soil. It is not necessary to dig up the plot, as the roots of dwarf plants lie at a depth of about 15 cm.
During the first two years of their life, it is recommended to conduct regular and abundant watering. Water should be used only warm, better rain. On hot days and during the formation of the fruit, the number of procedures is increased.
Coloniform cherry prefers a slightly acidic soil.
Also consider the groundwater distance. Excess moisture can greatly harm the tree. Therefore, it is best to plant such a cherry on a hill.
- In the spring, ammonium nitrate should be used. Similar preparations promote a good harvest.
- From August to October it is recommended to deposit potash compounds. It is necessary to plant them in the ratio 2: 1.
- After flowering, each tree should be watered with extract mullein. For greater effect, add a small amount of wood ash to the prepared liquid.
After applying any type of fertilizer, it is necessary to water the tree. These plants develop very slowly, so if you follow the rules of feeding, you can get a good harvest in two years.
Columnar cherry is a unique tree that pleases everyone with its appearance. Compliance with the rules of planting and care, it can produce a good and high-quality crop.
Video about the rules for pruning of columnar trees