Recently, the cultivation of ornamental types of beans has become a very popular occupation. If you want to plant your plot with them, it is worth knowing what these climbing grades are notable for and what kind of care they require.
- What decorative beans and the purpose of its growing
- Can I eat decorative beans
- most popular varieties for cultivation in the open ground
- Drakensberg languages
- Red Riding Hood
- Fire Falls
- Cliffhanger Pink
- Proper planting
- Application inlandscape design
- Diseases and pests
What is decorative beans and the purpose of its cultivation
Beans were brought to European countries only in the 15th century, andchalu absolutely all types were considered decorative, as food is not used.
The varieties used to plant for garden decoration in modern times are distinguished by a thick flowering cover and a special, beautiful flowering that can be colored. They use to create a green hedge or art elements.
Plants are grown as annuals. Saplings grow rapidly, forming long branchy vines. There are also spray patterns. In the autumn, like other beans, pods ripen on the branches. Their colors are directly dependent on the varietal characteristics.
Is it possible to eat decorative beans
Despite the name, this representative of legumes can be eaten .In Russia, the plant is most often grown for beauty, but in many other countries its fruits are eaten, as in ordinary, classical varieties.
Dishes made from such beans do not differ in taste .They are a source of vegetable protein, vitamins and trace elements. Having a high energy value, bean cuisine is considered dietary.
Easily assimilable bean protein is close in its properties to an animal, as in meat or fish.
The most popular varieties for cultivation in the open field
Among the variety of options especially popular among Russians are species that have bright red and purple flowers.
This is one of the most valued species among summer residents. At length, it reaches 2.5 meters .On the dark green foliage large pale purple flowers are clearly visible.
The crop that ripens already 55 days after the emergence of shoots has the same color.
Draconic languages were so named because of the interesting coloring of the pods .Violet tone gentle cover combined with a rich yellow color, forming a clear contrast.
It is noteworthy that during heat treatment, the color changes and becomes uniformly green.
Little Red Riding Hood
The flowers in this early variety are pure red, and in seeds this shade covers only a flank, and the rest is white. The fruits are particularly well used in the preparation of borscht, because their dense texture is not boiled soft.
Grade Fire Falls is able to reach 5 meters in length .
Pink Climber blooms from June to September .Small pink buds gathered in a brush bloom on thick dark green lianas, reaching up to 3 meters high .
You can plant beans in seedlings, but there is no particular need for this. Landing in the open ground is from mid-May to early June .
Seeds are soaked for a day in water, and then placed in the soil at a depth of 1 centimeter. The method consists in digging holes at a distance of 40-45 cm, which must be carefully watered. In them 2-3 seed descends at once.
Harvesting seedlings in greenhouse conditions occurs in mid-April, at a temperature of 18 to 22 degrees above zero. Each sprout needs a separate pot. If it is already too stretched out, and the transfer to the site is not yet carried out, then additional support is provided to the plant.
Heat-loving fit need to protect from frost .At cold temperatures, crops are carefully warmed with a film or other material. They also need to spud and set the direction of growth for .
A favorable condition is the presence of light, fertile land, with plenty of moisture and light. Beans require good watering, especially in heat. It is desirable to mulch the surface at the roots with sawdust or straw: this is how long the moisture remains.
All organic fertilizers are suitable for this crop, excluding fresh manure.
Landscape Design Application
Decorative beans are an excellent tool for vertical gardening used in design. It is used to decorate hedges, fences, arbors .The plant is used in the creation of arches, colorful pergolas .
An interesting solution is the creation of garden compositions, giving the space a zest and adding coziness. Plantings adorn the beds with abundant blooms in the summer, and hanging bright pods add brightness to autumn days.
Forming an arched form, the seeds are sown on the sides of the structure on both sides. The tops of grown vines are held together or rise even higher.
Diseases and pests
Only healthy specimens are suitable for use, the rest must be destroyed. This gray bug is determined by the holes formed, the larvae.
To protect the fruit from contamination, after harvesting, the part intended for reproduction in the next season is processed by with the methation .Store them in tightly tied bags, at zero temperature.
Light brown spots with a yellowish-green stroke are present on the leaves in a chaotic manner, this indicates the presence of bacteriosis. The affected sprouts are immediately removed, and the neighboring ones are treated with copper chloride .After 10 days, the spraying procedure is repeated. This disease is noticeable on the seeds in the form of the same spots.
There are a lot of ways to improve land. Curly beans, charming and unpretentious, perfectly suited for this purpose.