Cow manure is the most common, environmentally friendly organic fertilizer. The popularity of its use due to the availability and versatility of this material, it is important to know how to apply it in the country or garden.
- The use of cow dung
- composition of fertilizers
- Application on
- practice fresh
- dry substrate
- When the fertilizer can not be applied
- How to make fertilizer yourself
- liquid mullein
The use of cow dung
Soil cow manure contributes formation of the fertile layer .In contrast to the use of mineral fertilizers, the use of organic leads to the accumulation of useful elements by the earth.
Periodic fertilizing with mullein-based fertilizers favorably influences the growth and fruiting of garden plants. In addition, enriched soil increases the ability to aerate, which favorably affects the development of the root system of plants.
Composition of fertilizer
One kilogram of mullein has the following biological composition:
- Nitrogen( 3.5 g.)
- Calcium oxide( 2.9 g.)
- Phosphorus oxide( 3 g)
- Calcium oxide( 2.9 g)
- Phosphorus oxide( 3 g.)Potassium oxide( 1.4 gr.)
The indicators of useful chemicals slightly vary depending on the age and quality of the animal's nutrition.
Practically all garden plantings - fruit, berry, and vegetable crops - respond favorably to the top dressing using cow manure. However, each crop has its own requirements for the method of fertilizer application.
manure.undesirable .This is due to the high concentration of ammonia, detrimental effect on the state of the root system of the plant. Therefore, an solution consisting of manure and water is prepared on the basis of fresh material in proportion to the requirements of the crop.
solution. In the spring, so-called “ warm ” beds are constructed with the help of fresh material. Erected with a height of about one meter, the bed is able to develop internal heating to a temperature of 55 degrees. This property affects the early rooting and the favorable development of culture in conditions of spring frosts.
The state of humus is reached after expires 1.5 - 2 years of storage of .The rotted mullein has a loose structure, without the presence of moisture and odor. This is the most convenient form of using cow dung.
The value of the method lies in the possibility of planting the plant in the ground immediately after applying the fertilizer .In addition, due to the structure of the material significantly reduces its consumption.
manure substrate Liquid
Liquid manure is made from fresh excrement and water. The method allows you to get rid of excessive amounts of ammonia, as well as eggs of parasites that make up the biological material.
Top dressing is carried out by with root watering of a diluted mullein infusion. Also, a weak solution is used in spraying weakened plants.
Dung in granules is a material that has been subjected to biological treatment and pressing. Due to its structure, it is able to saturate the soil at a measured pace of throughout the entire season.
When in contact with water, it swells up, and then gives up the acquired moisture to the soil, helping to maintain the moisture level for a long time during the dry season. It is used as a top dressing for spring planting of plants, as well as fertilizer applied for autumn digging.
When fertilizer cannot be used
Fresh is not suitable for fertilizing plants. The decomposition of the components of faeces is accompanied by many chemical reactions that have a detrimental effect on their root system. In addition, parasites present in fresh manure pose a great danger to human health.
If the material has visually visible white patches, this means the presence of fungal spores. Proper storage of manure in order to obtain humus will eventually destroy this problem. However, for the construction of "warm beds" such material is no longer suitable.
fungus spores in it. Some cultures tolerate poorly fed .Such plants include radishes, carrots, celery, beets, parsley. Planting this row of plants into the soil that was subjected to manure a year or two ago is considered favorable.
How to do self-feeding
Given the availability of source material, to produce fertilizer with your own hands is not difficult.
To get high-quality humus, you need to prepare a box or pit for proper storage of manure. The main condition - providing protection from rain and direct sunlight .
The box is covered with roofing felt or other waterproof material. To speed up the process of producing humus several times a season, the layers are turned over with forks. The ripening period of humus is one and a half - two years .
A fast and efficient method of production - extract of fresh manure .It is made by pouring the material in water, in a 1: 1 ratio.
The resulting liquid is stored in a closed container, preferably in the shade. To enhance the fermentation effect, the solution can be stirred regularly. Fermentation helps to reduce the amount of ammonia, the destruction of parasite eggs and spores of the fungus. Fertilizer is ready for use after a week.
In the face of increasing consumer demand for organic food, manufacturers refuse mineral fertilizers, making a choice in favor of organic. The use of cow manure in the cultivation of farms and household plots is not only effective, but also a safe method of obtaining high-quality yield.