Culture is considered one of the most popular vegetable among gardeners. There are a great number of varieties known; they are distinguished by maturity, appearance and taste characteristics. And should be able to select the right varieties, taking the benchmark for ripening, keeping quality, quality, suitability for salting for the winter. This review will discuss one of the late ripening cabbage varieties Winterovka, the description and characteristics of which are presented below.
Table of Contents
- Description and Characteristics of Cabbage Varieties Wintering
- Advantages of Asset Asset Management
- Growing Seedlings
- Growth Conditions of this Grade
- How to Prepare the Soil for Cultivating
- How to Plant Cabbage in the Open Ground
Description and Characteristics of Cabbage Varieties Wintering
This vegetable is derived by the All-Union Research Institute for Breeding and Seed Production through individual and mass selection fromsamples of foreign origin. In 1963, the variety was zoned.
Late ripening, full ripeness is achieved four months after planting. Dimensions of heading from seventy to one hundred twenty centimeters in diameter, foliage round, grayish-green shade, average sizes of plates - from 40 to 48 cm in length and from 32 to 46 cm in width. Thick cabbages hang out from two to three and a half kilograms.
Cabbage perfectly tolerates the vagaries of climatic conditions, it is not afraid of frost. Vegetable is able to develop well in small areas, to manage those nutrients that are in the soil composition. For increase in productivity cabbage can be supported with nutritious structures.
Advantages and disadvantages of
The taste of cabbage is excellent, the variety has been stored for a long time. If fresh conditions are observed, it can be maintained until the beginning of the summer season. During storage, cabbage gives little waste, practically does not crack and is not affected by point necrosis. Active germination, head density is noted.
There are simply no negative qualities in vegetables.
Cultivation of seedlings
Cabbage seedlings must be grown in greenhouse conditions. The quality of the vegetable will depend on the sowing fund, , so you should take the purchase of seeds seriously, having thought about the specific purposes for which you plan to grow the crop. From the target destination and will depend on the selection of varieties, sowing time. Wintering is sown in early April, seedlings are formed about fifty days.
The first shoots will appear five days after planting. The temperature regime should be about ten degrees of heat, until the first leaflets appear in the seedlings.
Light day for seedlings should last from twelve to fifteen hours, so you have to organize the additional lighting. The soil should be moderately moist, not dry. Periodically it is necessary to carry out loosening. One week after germination, the ground should be shed with a weak manganese solution.
Weeks through a half and a half, when the seedlings are strong, they can dive to increase the area for food. Before that, the ground should be shed properly so that the seedling is removed along with the soil clod. Before transferring to a separate container, the spine is shortened by a third. You can do without picking, if from the very beginning to carry out planting of seeds in separate cups. This will not traumatize the seedlings during its transfer to the beds.
Growth conditions for this variety
Landing area Wintering is prepared in advance. It should be lit all day by the sun. The soil composition should be loamy or clayey. Land plots with high acidity are not suitable for growing cabbage. If the soil is affected by bacteriosis, cabbage cannot be planted on it for eight years. If you grew radishes, turnips, turnips or turnips - cabbage can not be planted on these beds for three years.
How to prepare the soil for growing
is added before planting cabbage seedlings in the well Fertilizers should be prepared in advance. In the autumn, lime is added, in the spring, organic matter is added to the garden at the rate of one bucket per square square. A pair of spoons of superphosphate, two cups of wood ash, one small spoon of urea are put into the well prepared for planting the seedlings.
How to plant cabbage correctly in open ground
The planting pattern is thirty-five by sixty centimeters. The parameters for transplanting to open beds are considered as follows. - seedlings should form four to six leaves, the seedling height should be fifteen to twenty centimeters. As a rule, this period falls on the end of May.
Care after planting
During growth, one plant needs from one to five liters of water; for adults, this rate increases to two buckets. When watering, it is very important that the plant is not heavily flooded. Otherwise, the root system dies off completely after twelve hours. After watering the soil must be loosened.
During the growth period, three feedings are performed. A liquid mullein is added three weeks after disembarkation( 1 liter for two buckets of water).After another ten days, chicken manure is put in the amount of one liter per plant. After waiting another ten days, apply a liquid mullein or an infusion of litter, spilling from six to eight liters of the composition over a square meter.
Naturally, it is necessary to loosen the land in the beds, at the same time removing weeds.
Diseases and their prevention
Wintering, like other varieties, can be affected:
- mucous bacteriosis;
- powdery mildew.
Threatening flea flea, and cabbage fly, snails and slugs, whitefish and aphids threaten it.
When dealing with most of these dangers, recommends using .
Harvesting and storage rules
Harvesting heads should be done in dry weather without causing injury. Pull together with the spine, covering the foliage to remove up to the head. Collected cabbages must be removed from the place lit by the sun. It is best to hang them in the shade so that the room is well ventilated.
There are several ways to store the crop - decompose on a rack, hang it in a basement. Temperature should be around zero degrees.
Some people store the cabbage in small piles, stacking the cabbages in rows and covering with straw.
Wintering is great for long storage, has excellent transportability. Many gardeners recommend growing it for pickling or pickling.