At the mention of cucumber, in the head emerges the image of a crisp and juicy green-skinned vegetable. But white cucumbers are a bit unusual to see both in the garden and on the table. But this does not mean that they are less tasty and crispy.
The description of the
White cucumber varieties were cultivated for growing only in greenhouses. And after several experiments, the agronomists saw that white-skinned cucumbers perfectly survive both in hot and cool climates.
Lash lengths can reach 2 meters. Inhibit growth, as well as in green varieties, with the help of pinching. Due to the white color, these cucumbers can be clearly seen through the green foliage. This reduces the risk of a large number of overripe fruit.
The main purpose of the cucumber-blond, for the preparation of salads and fresh consumption. After all, these cucumbers are almost never bitter. But now there are already many varieties for canning and salting.
The main differences of white cucumbers from green
There are no global differences between white and green cucumbers, there are several nuances. Such as:
- Color .In young cucumbers the color of the peel is pale green. And by the time of ripening, the color generally changes to white;
- Taste .White cucumbers with a more pronounced cucumber flavor. Never bitter;
- Long Scourge. White cucumbers necessarily need a garter because of the long lashes. But thanks to them the yield increases;
- The fruitfulness of the occurs along the entire length of the whips;
- perfectly tolerates temperature changes.
Pros and cons
The main advantage of white cucumbers is unusual. Due to its color, that is, the absence of it, these cucumbers look original both on the table and in glass jars in pickle. Also, the absence of coloring pigments is an excellent solution for people with allergies.
The most popular varieties of
Some of the most popular and common white cucumber varieties are:
It has white skin and spikes. grows well, both outdoors and in the greenhouse. A remarkable feature of this type of cucumber is that it never has a bitter taste. The grade the White angel perfectly is suitable for conservation, and, of course, for the fresh use.
Very tasty variety of cucumber. High-yielding. Fetal length can reach 20 centimeters. The fruit is suitable for fresh consumption and salting.
The most popular of all varieties of white cucumber. It is unpretentious to climate change, so it grows well in open beds. Has increased fruitfulness. Early. The cucumber is good for fresh use and for canning.
Very whimsical variety that requires constant watering and fertilizer. A lot of experience is needed to achieve a good crop with excellent taste.
Specially bred greenhouse hybrid. Early maturing variety with a high and long degree of fruitfulness. Great for use in salads and fresh. Gives fruit after 50 days of disembarkation.
Planting seedlings in open ground occurs in early May. But you must first prepare the ground. It should be slightly acidic, and preferably neutral. For this, a mixture of humus + sod land + wood coniferous sawdust is well suited. To prevent fungus, quicklime should be added to the soil.
Weather conditions should also be taken into account. When frost occurs, the plants are covered with a cloth until the temperature normalizes. The first time, water cucumbers about once a week. After the appearance of the first ovaries, the frequency of watering is increased to once every two days.
To increase the yield, it is advised to feed plants. This should be done several times during the season, during flowering and during fruiting. The most popular and best type of fertilizer is herbal infusion. An infusion of onion peel with green paint is also an excellent option. After steaming in boiling water, the above ingredients, insist for 2 days. After time, the husk is filtered and, after mixing with wood ash, laid on a bed under the cucumbers. A liquid that remained after straining, sprayed the leaves of plants.
The main feature of the white type of cucumbers, is unpretentious. With absolute ease, it can grow and bear fruit both in greenhouse conditions and in the open air. At the same time, yield levels are almost the same. This cucumber perfectly tolerates even +45 C heat and zero coolness.
Diseases and pests
Like green cucumbers, they are also prone to disease. But if you follow some tips, you can avoid disease and attack of pests.
- Before sowing, it is necessary for to treat the seeds with an disinfectant;
- It is desirable that annually change the landing site of ;
- When planting in the greenhouse, do not forget to maintain the humidity of in it( approximately 80%);
- Prevent from drying out of soil; ;
- Constantly to get rid of the weeds , so that they could not harm the root system of cucumbers;
- Mandatory feeding of plants, at least a couple of times per season.
The most important villain for cucumbers is the spider mite. It infects the leaves and helps them to wilt. At the first appearance on the leaves of white or light yellow dots, it is necessary to treat the plants with an insecticide. In this case, damaged sheets must be cut and burned in order to avoid the next occurrence of the tick.
gourd aphid. Another common pest is the melon aphid. Small 2-millimeter insects can be found on the leaves and flowers of plants. Which leads to twisting and drying of the leaves. To avoid this, you need timely weed control. Since this type of insect lives and breeds in certain areas.
There are a number of other diseases that cucumber plants are prone to:
- Gray rot;
- White Rot;
- Root Rot;
- Mealy Dew;
- Ordinary mosaic;
- Olive Spot.
Timely determination of the symptoms of the disease will help to quickly treat.
An excellent type of cucumber for beginners. Can produce yields even with minimal care. Yes, and you can pleasantly surprise the white cucumber guests at the table.