Harvest juicy vegetables will delight every farmer who worked on the land. For a long time, greenhouses and hotbeds have been used to protect plants, because no one is immune from frost or drought .The easiest and cheapest way to protect the peppers in the garden will be to install a greenhouse, created by yourself, or purchased designs.
- complexity of construction and unlike greenhouse
- advantages and disadvantages of self-made greenhouse
- greenhouses on
- foundation with walls
- Arcuate tunnel greenhouse
- How do greenhouse pepper with your hands
- assembly principle
The complexity of the construction and the difference from the greenhouse
The simplicity of the design allows you to independently make a greenhouse of scrap materialssmall purchase in the hardware store. The complexity and high cost depends only on the selected materials and the personal wishes of the farmer.
The main difference from the greenhouse is that the design does not provide for a large internal space, additional heating and a person there. All work with plants is carried out outside, but because it is the cheapest and best option for the garden or garden.
The small size allows plants to more effectively absorb sunlight and retain heat, which is less possible in a huge greenhouse. Growing peppers in a greenhouse allows you to fence plants from other species, create optimal conditions and protect them from pests and parasites. Temperature control is carried out with an alcohol thermometer.
Advantages and disadvantages of a homemade greenhouse
The main feature is that there is no need for building education - everything is simple and cheap. Using improvised means, you can save a lot of money in the purchase of materials that can not be said about the finished models from the store. The size, shape and design features depend only on the desire of the builder. Disadvantages in improvised greenhouses can appear only for two reasons:
- Poor quality materials.
- Errors in the design.
film. But all this can be prevented at the planning stage and the purchase of materials.
Types of greenhouses
The design depends on the selected material and installation features. Here are the commonly used constructions:
- On the foundation.
- With walls.
- Arched tunnel greenhouse.
On the foundation
The structure is installed on the foundation, built above the surface or underground with a recess on 10 - 15 see .The construction in the form of walls is constructed with bricks bonded with cement mortar. Also for the base use a bar of various section and length.
A rectangular box is made of timber, boards and installed on the foundation or on the ground. The top is closed with a frame from the rails in the form of a single or dual slope roof .The frame is hermetically sealed with film, polycarbonate sheets or with inserted glass. In order for the sun to completely illuminate the plants, a single-pitch roof is made at an angle to the south.
Arc-shaped tunnel greenhousepeppers
Portable design with lightweight frame. It is possible to dismantle before winter and re-install in spring. Consists of arc-curved wires, wooden rods or polypropylene pipes .Placed in increments of 50 - 60 cm and fixed on a wooden frame.4 rows of peppers should be planted between the arcs. The top is hermetically closed with a film of different density. To the ground, the structure is attached with pegs, rope loops or heavy objects. Arcs for reinforcement can be combined with a wire or frame.
Constructions of slatted frames, covered with foil or polycarbonate sheets. The base for the frame is assembled in the form of a box or a house from a bar or plank.
How to make a greenhouse for peppers with your own hands
Self-construction of a greenhouse for peppers does not require much work. The work can be divided into several stages:
- Search for an installation site.
- Purchase of necessary materials.
- Planning Design.
- Assembly Stage.
Heating and lighting from the sun play an important role in the growth of peppers, because when choosing an installation site must take into account several generally accepted requirements. The maximum access of sunlight to the plants will occur in an open, non-darkened area with an east-west greenhouse orientation and its opening from the south side.
For a greenhouse with walls it is necessary:
- A board matched to your dimensions.
- Beam for the foundation 150x150.
- Bar for frame 50x50mm.
- Screws with anti-corrosion coating.
- At choice: wooden slats or metal profile, corners, fittings, PVC pipes.
- Polycarbonate sheets or film.
- Simple door hinges.
- Silicone for sealing joints and adhesive tape.
- Antiseptic for wooden parts.
Construction On the foundation of a timber, boards are fixed in height:
- The side walls of the are 250 mm and 200 mm at the ends( the shape resembles an elongated trapezium).
- The front wall of the is 200 mm from two ends.
- The rear wall of the is 250 mm from two ends.
The lid is assembled from metal profiles, wooden slats or old windows. The frame is closed with polycarbonate, glass or overtightened with a film. It is desirable to lubricate all seams with silicone sealant. The cover and frame are connected with simple door hinges. The main feature of the shelter is its full opening ability for warming up in warm weather and working with plants.
Before assembling a greenhouse with walls on the foundation, must be leveled and tamped down with the installation site of the box. This work is carried out using the construction level and the tensioned rope. Next, establish a foundation of timber or brickwork below the level. By the base, the boards are fixed tightly with nails or self-tapping screws, and the seams are additionally lubricated with a sealant.
The lid frame is assembled a little wider than the box to protect it from heavy rain. Places fixing film or polycarbonate grease sealant or stick with adhesive tape.
The frame and frame are hinged from the north so that the lid can be fully opened. All purchased materials can be replaced by what is at home and save a lot of money.
Building a greenhouse with your own hands does not take much time and effort, and the future harvest will be saved in all weather conditions .The simplicity and low cost of construction allows you to install a greenhouse on any garden or cottage plot.