Content of the article:
If you decide which fruit to plant in your garden, you should pay attention to the apricot Red Cheek. A description of the variety of this fruit tree and tips on caring for it will help you successfully grow a seedling. This type of apricot is highly valued for its survival in not very favorable climatic conditions.
Description and characteristics of the fruits of
When purchasing an apricot tree for your site, keep in mind that the life of the plant reaches half a century. Thus, if you properly care for him, then provide yourself with fresh and juicy fruits for almost a lifetime.
Due to its properties, Red-cheeked is actively used for breeding. The most famous varieties bred with it are Nikolaevsky and Nikitsky.
There is a claim that this variety can grow well only in the southern regions. Indeed, he loves warmth, and photos of apricot fruits of Krasnoshcheky, ripened in the south, can compare favorably in size from those grown in the Moscow region. However, with proper care, you can grow a fruit tree in almost any region of our country, while not at all worse than its southern “brother”.
Red-Fruits have a yellow color with bright orange, almost red patches. Their size is not the largest, which is more than offset by taste. Juicy flesh has a slight acidity, complementing the original taste. By the way, thanks to the reddish “cheek” of a ripe fruit, this species got its name.
Fruit weight about 50 g, and the skin is velvety. During the season, the tree can bring up to 100 kg of crop, which begins to ripen in mid-summer. It is best to collect it in several passes.
Planting and care
Fruit trees require a large amount of light to grow. Planting apricot Krasnoshcheky carry out on an elevation, so that the melt water in the spring did not erode the roots. Make sure that around the tree was a lot of free space, and buildings and large plants did not cast a shadow on the seedling.
There are no special requirements for the soil, however, if there is increased acidity, add lime to the soil.
Dig a hole with a diameter and a depth of just over half a meter. Mix earth with organic fertilizer. Strongly digging in a sapling is not necessary, it is enough to bury it so that the rhizome is closed. Press the near-barrel circle with your feet so that you seal the ground around the roots. Then add mulch to slow the growth of weeds.
The most favorable time for planting is the second half of spring, or the middle of autumn. Red-cheeked is a self-fertile apricot variety, therefore the description of the planting process does not include the obligatory planting of pollinators. Nevertheless, experience shows that the yield of a tree will be higher if there are several more growing on the plot.
For better drainage, lay gravel at the bottom of the pit.
In addition to a sapling, you can plant a bone; you can also really grow an adult tree from it. The process is simple and consists of only a few actions:
- select overripe large fruits;
- fill the box with wet sand and dig bones into it( procedure to be carried out at the end of January);
- box placed in frozen ground, or in the refrigerator until spring;
- in April, plant them in the prepared soil by analogy with seedlings.
There is another way to plant bones in the second half of the summer. It is called "from the mouth."A bone from a freshly picked fruit immediately dug shallowly into the ground and wait for the shoot.
Permanent care of the apricot Red Blade is not needed, but the main manipulations will have to perform. The variety requires abundant watering, although it has good drought resistance. Especially make sure that the soil is well moistened after planting and during violent growth, but at least 4 times per season:
- during flowering;
- in May;
- at the beginning of July;
- in November.
Do not forget to regularly prune the branches in spring, summer and autumn. This will increase the yield and reduce the likelihood of disease. Fruit rot and spotting can often affect apricots, so do the Bordeaux mixture in the spring.
For the winter, the tree should be warmed. Roll up the stacks with sacking, and round the stakes. Then wrap them with a wrap, creating a kind of cocoon around the plant that will protect it from piercing wind and frost.
The description of Krasnoshcheky apricot variety indicates that it is excellent for planting throughout Russia. Frost resistance allows you to grow it in cold regions, and drought resistance does not allow the plant to die in a hot climate. It is soil undemanding and resistance to many diseases that made this type of apricot so popular among professional gardeners.
You can grow fruits both for your own consumption and for sale. Fruits for a long time do not lose flavor during transportation, so there will be no problems with this.