How to make a rock plaster for potatoes with your own hands

Technologies in all spheres of human activity are rapidly developing, progress has not bypassed agriculture. A new agricultural technician is being designed, new methods of planting a particular culture are being created, with each new day becoming more and more. But even in such conditions, many gardeners differ in their conservative attitude to everything. You can take as an example even the process of hilling potatoes, the above-mentioned gardeners spend it with hoops, which makes the process more difficult and energy-consuming. What can replace the "loved" hoe? There are many variants of answers to this question, but the best one is a manual okuchnik.

Hiller - a versatile tool that may be needed by any gardener, with hilling will be much more effective. Using this tool saves you time and effort.

Contents

  • Types Hillers
    • Hand
    • By
    • tractor to the Tillers
    • Plow
  • Hilling
    • potatoes How to use disk spud
    • potatoes Why should you
    • Pros and cons of self-made devices
  • Facts about
    • instrument What materials are needed
    • Where can I find drawings
    • Installationself-made excavator on the
  • motoblock Do-it-yourself scooters for the motoblock do it yourself
    • Vertical stand
    • Adjust
    • Welding
    • Making a double tailand
    • Making a trimming knife
    • Discs

Forms Manual Hillers

Manual Hillers( disc) designed for loosening and hilling .The use of such a tool can guarantee high-quality tillage.

This tool can help the gardener to hilling, to avoid energy-intensive and tedious work.

The cost depends on the configuration. On average, a device with two disks costs around 2500 rubles.
The cost of a manual hiller about 2.5 thousand rubles

To a tractor

They are used for automated processing. The device is able to immediately remove the weeds from the cultivated area and, in fact, successfully hilling the tubers. After the manipulations with the tractor thruster the level of potato yield sharply increases .

They consist of: a metal frame, a hinged device that is responsible for the hitch, two forged wheels, iron lugged legs and heaps.

The load on the hiller is reduced by tractor wheels, in turn, the paws cut the ground( up to fifteen centimeters).Steel support attaches the paws to the frame. For hilling, gratings are used.

Basically, the tractor can be attached exclusively to the tractor T-25, which has a rather small traction force, in contrast to the MTZ.He is not able to work with the device, which has more than 3 buildings.

If the gardener is facing a goal - just to pile up the potatoes, then you need to to unscrew the pointed legs .

The cost for tractor hillers for potatoes varies from 20,000 to 30,000 rubles.
Hiller for tractor T-25

To the

walk-behind tractor is installed on the walk-behind tractor in place of the coulter.

How it works: during the transitions between rows, the fixture pours soil with its wings directly onto the tubers. It is possible to attach a disk okuchnik to the motor-block.

In fact, "Okuchnik to the motor-block" is not a separate type. We used this to let you know that the device can also be installed on a motor-cultivator.

Disc hiller for the

motoblock

plow for hilling potatoes is designed to facilitate the work that is associated with the cultivation of potatoes. With the help of such a plow, furrows and beds are cut, the soil is loosened, crops are planted, and spuds are planted.

In terms of its configuration and mechanism of action, the plow is similar to the disk hiller .At least, their mechanism of action is absolutely identical.

plow Hilling of potatoes

How to use a disc spud

potatoes The mechanism of action of manual hillers is quite primitive. Two gardeners should take up the device from two sides( front and rear). One rests against the front thrust handle and sets the curler in motion, another - pushes the discs into the ground, pressing on the rear thrust handle.

The disc passes through the soil, leaving behind a noticeable train. With the help of such a device you can pile up plants that are in close proximity to each other. But you can also adjust the distance between the discs, just install a few additional details.

Why you need

If you are reading this article, then you definitely know that you need to spud potatoes. But why?

Now we will explain everything in detail:

  1. When loosening the soil, air enters the roots, thanks to which they grow much faster
  2. Again, when air enters the roots, potato tubers quickly form
  3. If you spud potatoes, you can increase the yield of by 20-30%

Also, you need to follow some rules:

  1. To loosen
  2. in a timely manner To loosen in case of cloudy weather. The best option is after rain, watering or morning dew.
  3. You can not hilling potatoes during the heat, because the plant can simply burn

. Usually, hoes, hoes and rakes are used, their use is energy-consuming and long-lasting. Against the background of Okuchnik, the above tools simply fade away.

Manual hilling is very energy consuming and takes a lot of time.
And most importantly, the hiller can be made with your own hands.

Pros and cons of self-made devices

The list of advantages of self-made devices can be considered:

  • accessibility - because anyone can make such a scoop
  • free of charge - cases of
  • efficiency is not applied.they are not inferior to market analogs, but it depends on the design of
  • , raising self-esteem - it’s better to spud potatoes in a good mood

But the disadvantages are:

  • the quality of the work - but it depends on how well the quality of the
  • excavator is constructed - again, depends on how well the
excavator is designed. Almost any person can make an ASAP dipper.

facts about the material you need

:

  • water supply pipe - it serves as a stand( Diameter - 1 inch, length - meter)
  • 0.37 inch tube - it is necessary for the front and rear links
  • steel sheet ( thickness - 2 mm.) - of
  • dumps will be made of an lanyard - which will fasten the front linkage and the
strut. Instead of a lanyard, you use a plate of steel, in which you must drill holes to adjust the inclination.

You also need to have with you: any tools for bending the pipes and a blowtorch( you can use a regular gas burner).She needs to heat the metal parts in the places of their bend. Still need a device for welding and grinder.

Where can I find the drawings

On the Internet there are answers to all questions, even on such. Drawings for the manufacture of manual okuchnik can be found online, or in any magazines on the subject Garden / Garden.

The can be adjusted in height by means of the telescopic apparatus of the central part of the .The tube is required to be inserted into the tube, which is smaller in cross section than the other, it goes into the rear link. If you use this method, you can easily adjust the hiller to the level of growth of the gardener.

Adjustment

The adjustment of the angle of inclination is performed using the lanyard

The base of the tool must be movable .To fulfill this condition, the front link is attached to the main post by a hinge, adjustment is performed using a turnbuckle, which allows you to change the angle of inclination. In the case when there is no lanyard, a metal plate is used, it is fixed in the desired position and bolted.

Welding

The rear link and heaps should be welded to the stand, then the front link is attached. Rear thrust width - 0.5 meters .Handles - 0,2 meters .A 0.3-meter-long pipe is welded to the center of the fork, with this end the structure is inserted into the cavity of the vertical thrust.

To adjust the height of the rack, you need to drill out the openings that are at its upper end. Exactly the same manipulations must be done with a vertical fork. At the front and rear of the fence should be identical width.

Making a two-tail plow

To make a two-dump plow, you need plates, each two millimeters thick, .They need to give a semicircular bends. Then the process of welding the two halves to the rack.

Two important aspects of work: the seam in the place where the parts are joined, must be smooth, the plates must be polished using a grinder.

Two-Blade Plow Production of an

Clipping Knife To manufacture a clipping knife, you need to get steel with a high concentration of carbon.

Then cut the knife, which should look like an arrowhead, and sharpen it carefully( the angle between the surface and the knife should be 45 degrees )

Why 45?If you grind a knife at such an angle, it will not lose its sharpness for a long time. Next, you need to weld the trimming knife to the bottom of the rack and grind.

discs To begin, you need to cut 2 plates from a steel sheet, then you should give them a semicircle shape. Both disks are fixed on the rack. Welded seam must be smooth .

Beforehand, all parts to be welded should be grinded with a grinder and discs should be carefully sharpened. The pruning part assumes almost all the resistance of the soil.

Drawing discs for hiller
Do not need to purchase magazine discs, as the grinder is not capable of sharpening the metal from which they are made.

Okuchnik is almost an indispensable tool that every gardener respecting his time and strength must have.

As for garden tools, hillers are quite expensive, which can really help in the household. In any case, even this expensive equipment can be made with your own hands, it suffices to be able to use the tools and use the drawings.

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