What are determinant and indeterminate varieties of tomato?

On tomato seed packets, indicate to which type the variety indicated on the package belongs - determinant or other. Depending on this, there is further cultivation of the tomato bush.

Contents

  • Determinant
    • What is determinate tomatoes
    • indeterminate tomato
    • stam
    • Poludeterminantny
  • differences between them
    • What varieties better
    • advantages and disadvantages of each of these types of
      • Determinant
      • Indeterminate
      • stam
    • What types are suitable for cultivation in the country site
    • How to distinguishwhat kind of plants is it on the plants?

The determinism of the

Inexperienced gardeners, reading the description of the variety, are at a loss for speculation thatThis word is stated in the description.

What does determinant tomato mean?

Determinate means that the height of a tomato bush will be limited to a certain height.

What is it expressed in? Growth restriction occurs by the appearance of a floral brush, on which flowers first appear, and then fruits begin to tie. Further growth will occur

from the strong stepson , which will appear from the leaf bosom located directly under the brush on the top of the bush.

Determinant Tomato Variety

Determinant Tomatoes are also subdivided into:

  • Semi-determinant - includes varieties and hybrids with an intermediate type of branching;
  • Superdeterminant - this includes the group of early ripening varieties;
  • Supersuperderminantnye - this includes super early ripening varieties with dwarf growth.

Indeterminate Tomato

These are tall tomatoes that should be mechanically limited in growth. Since such a tomato vine grows up to 4 m. Height. But since the warm season is short and the tomatoes above 2 m. The marks do not have time to ripen, then the top is removed at this height.

This type of tomato bush is suitable for the southern regions of Russia.
Indeterminate tomatoes grow in height

Standards

These are industrial tomato varieties that are grown on large areas for further sale or processing of tomatoes. They do not require a garter, have a thick stem, and the first fruits receive on day 75 of after the first shoots of the seedlings.

Tomatoes of this type begin to ripen already at the end of June .

Standard varieties are used for industrial cultivation, they are unpretentious

Semi-determinant

Tomato bush, which does not stop at the meter height mark and continues to grow. But growth can stop at any time. It is grown in two stalks , and is suitable for greenhouse conditions.

Differences between them

Differences and differences between the bushes become noticeable at the stage of growing seedlings .In the indeterminate ones, on the 4th day after peking, the cotyledon knee is clearly visible. Later, when growing a bush, the first ovary of the indeterminate appears above 9 leaves, and the determinant after the 5th leaf plate has the first ovary of a tomato.

Seedlings of determinant varieties, when there are 5 leaf plates, begin to form a floral brush.

The pattern of cultivation of the determinate variety

The formation of a tomato bush is also significantly different - the indeterminate forms into one stem and the determinant varieties into 2-3 stem .

Indeterminant types are grown in greenhouses, where they produce crops along the entire height of the stem.

Which varieties are better than

It is difficult to say which varieties are better and which ones are worse. Everyone chooses not only for their taste, but also for the growing region. It is also important where the tomato will grow in the open field or greenhouse. Therefore, any type can be useful when growing tomatoes.

At the same site you can grow different types of tomatoes .

Advantages and disadvantages of each of these types of

Determinant

Pros - early fruit ripening, high early harvests, friendly yield returns not stretched out in time.

Cons - the overall yield is lower, because the bush is limited in its growth, you need a lot of mineral dressings to get a big crop, should be staved strictly once every 10 days, reduced immunity to diseases that affect tomatoes.

The overall yield of determinant varieties is lower than the indeterminant

Indeterminant

Pros - collect a large number of tomatoes in a small area, are less subject to tomato diseases, fruiting is extended for a long period, tomatoes can be harvested to make vegetables, they can be harvested to get a harvest, and they can be harvested to make a harvest of vegetables..

Cons - you need high support for the tomato bush, growing well goes in the southern regions with a long summer period, carefully removing all stepchildren, forming a bush in only one trunk.

Stampets

Pros - have a low and strong stem that does not require tying, the root system is located on the surface and well absorbs the food supplied to it as a form of irrigation and mineral fertilizers.

Can be planted quite densely, resistant to temperature and drought conditions , the vegetative mass grows well and does not require additional conditions, the absence of stepsons also simplifies the care of the bushes, fruits have a long shelf life and tolerate transportation well.

Standard varieties are stunted and do not need an

garter. minus - there is practically no frequent irrigation due to the superficial root system.

When choosing which type of shrub to be planted on the site, it is important to become well acquainted with both the positive and negative qualities of each type.

What types are suitable for growing at the dacha area

If there is a greenhouse with a height of up to 2 m at the dacha, then it can be planted indeterminate varieties, and if there is no greenhouse, then it is better to turn your attention to determinant and standard tomatoes when choosing a variety.

How to distinguish which plant is

from plants. Here are some examples, analyzed according to the type of shrub and variety belonging. Actually in appearance it is difficult to distinguish which type the bush belongs to. Since it could deepen before planting or pinch escape. But if the gardener himself acquires seeds, then on the package will indicate the type of tomato plant.

The type of variety is indicated by the manufacturer on the package of seeds.

If the seeds were received from a neighbor in the cottage, you should specify the name and then look on the Internet or in print media to which type this variety belongs.

View Tomato Varieties
Determinant Rocket, Nevsky, Beer filling, La La F, Demidov, Honey-sugar, Gina TST.
Indeterminate Miracle of the Earth, Christina Plume, Cherokee, Star Gold, the right size, Ox-heart, Marshmallow in chocolate.
Stambat Stamb Buyan, Gavrosh, Far North, Alpha, Antoshka, Merry Dwarf, Amur Stand.

All types of tomato bushes are important for cultivation. Some are grown in large areas for commercial purposes; others are grown in a small area for personal use. But all varieties are tasty and necessary for man.

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