Violet care at home and in the gardenprotruding spike, resembling a horn. It is thanks to this feature that the plant got its name, in Latin, sounding like Viola cornuta.
Horned violet: features of the species
In the wild, elegant clumps of this flower can be found on the Iberian Peninsula. As soon as the spring awakening of the vegetation begins, it is easy to notice this medium-sized, only 8–25 cm tall, on the edges of the forest, in leafy groves and among the undergrowth.
Gardeners note that the flowering of horned violet begins when snow has not yet had time to go into the shady corners, indicating that the species belongs to a large group of decorative perennials grown in Russian gardens. Peak flowering occurs in the first half of summer, then the emergence of new buds subsides somewhat, but does not stop. The last flowers of the horned violet fade only with the onset of frosts by mid-autumn.
Wild plants of this species open the corollas of white, blue, purple and violet tones. With long-term cultivation in one place, the violet forms dense sods of woven creeping stems.
A perennial horned violet can be distinguished by its rich green ovoid leaves with a pointed tip.
In wild plants, flowers with simple petals are not too large. Their rims do not exceed 2–4 cm in diameter, but due to their interest in the species of breeders, today there are a lot of large-flowered varieties and hybrids of flower growers of various colors.
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How to grow perennial horned violet?
The plant feels great in the middle lane, and in one place it can grow up to 5 years, creating bright decorative spots in the garden, throughout the warm period decorating the site. Therefore, to grow perennial horned violets, gardeners who are interested in this crop will not have to create any special conditions.
When choosing a place suitable for planting violets, it is best to pay attention to the well-lit corners, but hidden from the direct rays of the sun. If you plant horned violet on the scorching heat, the growth slows down, the plant often suffers from dry ground. In the dense shade, the violet is drawn out, the flowers become smaller, but the foliage grows very actively.
Horned violets acclimatize perfectly in the shade of other plants, for example, under ornamental shrubs and tree crowns. In this case, in the spring nothing prevents the flowers from developing, and in the summer the violets are covered from the hot sun.
Perfectly tender flowers feel next to honeysuckle, barberry. Horned violets grow remarkably and bloom in light, drained soils with a pH of 6.8–7.2 units. Since the plant is very unpretentious, small flooding in the springtime is not a problem for it, but drying up the soil and long periods of drought can adversely affect the health of the violet.
Violet care at home and in the garden.
The primary care of the violet during the growing season is to water regularly, remove weeds and feed the formed curtains.
The drier and hotter the summer, the more water the plants should receive, and in drought the violets can be sprayed in the early morning and after sunset. Such a measure will help refresh the landing, but will not cause sunburn.
During active flowering of horned violet, weekly feeding is required. Fertilization alternate with irrigation or fertilizer mixed with irrigation moisture. Organic violets are regularly fed in the spring, then in the middle of summer. In the second half of August, the application of nitrogen-containing fertilizers is limited.
To reduce the number of weeds and reduce the evaporation of moisture, the areas around the curtains and on the hills, where they often grow perennial horned violets, fall asleep with haydite, chips, or gravel, spread with moss or plant them with stonecrop.
In the care of violets at home and in the garden, they must include pruning of faded peduncles, cleaning the old foliage and other measures to maintain the appearance of plantings and stimulate lush flowering. For example, experienced flower growers advise young violets to be planted every three years to the existing plants. In this case, there is an inconspicuous gradual change of generations, and the curtain constantly remains smooth and richly blooming.
Do not forget that in favorable conditions, horned violets can produce seeds that are sown independently of the fruit-boxes. Seeds germinate in the spring, and the next year, young violets are ready to bloom.
Newly planted plants in the first winter can be covered with needles or another type of mulch, and adult violets in the middle lane hibert well and without loss outside the shelters.
Propagation of violet at home and in the household plot.
For reproduction of horned violet, sowing of seeds or division of an existing adult bush is most often used.
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Seeds are buried in a seedling box with a light soil mixture in spring, in April, or in autumn, in October. You can wait for seedlings in 4-5 weeks. When a pair of true violet leaves appear, they swoop down and sit in separate pots. For the cultivation of perennial horned violets on the balcony or flowerpot, young plants are planted in prepared containers with a drainage layer and loose nutrient soil.
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Violets that have developed at home are transferred to the garden at the end of summer, so that before the onset of cold weather the plants have time to acclimatize. Strong sockets begin to bloom already in the first year, and the mass appearance of buds should be expected after wintering.
In addition to seed multiplication, the division of the bush is often used, and rooting of green cuttings and parts of the stem are also used to obtain new plants. You can get cuttings during the entire growing season, while early grafting and rooting contribute to the rapid entry of violets into the flowering season. Unpretentious horned violets easily, in 2–3 weeks, form roots and form new plants, which accelerates reproduction and allows you to quickly get healthy flowering specimens.
From 20 to 30 plants are planted to obtain a dense beautiful violet meadow per square meter, depending on the variety.
Horned violet in the design of the garden and balcony
Quite small flowers of horned violet look spectacular only during mass flowering. Therefore, a small decorative culture is used in group plantings, where one or several varieties of violets are used. Plants look great against the background of rose bushes, next to low coniferous crops and other plants in the garden.
Horned violets in the garden are planted as curbs and slides. Do not forget that at home the violet grows well in vases and balcony boxes. Only in this case you will have to pay more attention to fertilizing, watering and caring for plants, otherwise the violets will quickly lose their decorative effect and stop blooming.
Planting Violets in the Garden - Video