video The Anthurium PeopleAnd such a comparison is fully justified. Graceful inflorescences on long peduncles really look like exotic birds and do not leave anyone indifferent. No less than the flowering varieties of anthurium and interesting plants with decorative leaves of all shapes, sizes and colors.
In South America, the homeland of anthurium, these plants most often grow as epiphytes, mastering the upper floors of tropical forests, growing on roots, branches of trees and below, under crowns. Here, the root system of plants that form powerful underground and aerial roots, nothing holds back, and anthuriums and without a transplant perfectly reproduce and bloom.
At home, it’s not possible to lead a habitual way of life among anthuriums, and the pots on the window sills become their habitat. So that here the plants are pleased with spectacular flowering, you need not only to take care of the green pets, but also to replant them from time to time.
How is anthurium transplantation at home? And how to determine that this procedure is really needed by the plant?
Anthurium Transplanting Methods
The main reasons why an anthurium may need a transplant are:
- mastering the roots of the whole earth coma and the apparent crampedness of the old pot;
- improperly selected soil mixture, which negatively affects the state of the plant and its development;
- root disease and the appearance of rot on it.
Depending on what caused it, transplanting anthurium at home can represent its transfer to a new pot with the renewal of a small amount of the substrate, or the plant is transferred, after having cleared the traces of the old soil.
Adult healthy plants that are actively flowering and do not detect external signs of disease, every 2-3 years, they are transferred to a larger pot.
The need for such a procedure is indicated by the thick roots that have emerged from the drainage holes and above the ground surface. Not finding free space inside the tank, the roots go out, trying to get food and moisture from the air.
To prevent damaging the root system during anthurium transplantation, before the procedure, the plant is watered abundantly. This allows you to soften the soil and simplify the extraction of coma from the pot. If the pot is made of plastic, you can gently knead it or knock it on the edge of the table. Then the anthurium is taken out and after inspection of the roots they are transferred to a new pot, where there is already a good drainage layer, and a layer of substrate is poured over it.
The plant will soon bloom after transplantation, unless the new pot is much larger than the previous one. It is better to give preference to containers in which the height is equal to the diameter. Having transplanted the anthurium into an overly spacious pot, the florist condemns himself to a long wait for bright inflorescences. Until the roots germinate in the new soil, the anthurium will not form flower buds.
An earthen clod, braided with roots, is placed in the center of the pot, and the gaps formed on the sides are filled with fresh substrate.
The soil should be slightly compacted, being careful not to hurt or deform the rhizomes. The top layer is also updated, then the planting, if necessary, is watered again, and the surface of the ground is covered with sphagnum to save moisture.
After transplantation, the anthurium acclimatizes rather quickly, and soon you can expect new foliage and inflorescences to appear.
A different procedure remains for the plant if the grower has doubts regarding his condition and health. Often causes for concern are:
- spots on the stems and leaves;
- wilting of foliage and the loss of its normal tone;
- rejection of flowering and slow growth.
Unfortunately, after the purchase, the anthuriums also have to be transplanted, otherwise the plant quickly weakens and may die.
Urgently transplant anthurium, as in the photo, rapidly losing its attractiveness and even after watering does not restore elasticity and the vertical position of petioles and peduncles. The plant can suffer from the abundance of moisture in the soil, its poverty or excessive density, as well as from the actions of pests, disease or putrefactive bacteria.
In all these cases it is impossible to delay. Anthurium is watered and, as already described, removed from the pot. In contrast to the situation when an anthurium is transplanted without signs of disease, here it is necessary to remove the old soil as much as possible, protecting the roots and examining them along the way.
If the roots of the plant are damaged or rotted, such areas are carefully cut to healthy white tissue, treating the sections with wood or activated charcoal powder.
The green part of the anthurium is also freed from dry or lost leaves, and the inflorescences with the peduncles should be cut off. This measure will reduce the load on the weakened plant and help it to quickly overcome the shock of transplanting. For insurance, a plant with traces of rot is better treated with a fungicide.
After transplanting an anthurium that has had late blight, root rot or another disease, the florist should carefully monitor the condition of such a plant and, if necessary, re-process the crown, soil and root system.
If you have to replant a plant in the same pot or use a container already serving as a refuge for another culture, they are necessarily treated with boiling water or a solution of potassium permanganate acid .
Anthurium Transplant Soil
A special feature of anthuriums is that plants can only feel good in a very loose, light substrate. The best soil for this inhabitant of the tropics is one that easily passes water and gives easy access to oxygen. After the transplantation of an anthurium into a suitable substrate, its roots easily penetrate into the thickness of the soil, without effort obtaining the necessary nutrition and moisture. If the florist is mistaken with the choice of soil for anthurium, it will soon affect the plant, its growth, ornamentation and health.
There are many recipes for making soil mixture for anthuriums. The basis of the substrate can be either a ready-mixed mixture for orchids, to which crushed charcoal and a little soddy earth are mixed, or self-made soil. It is often recommended to mix crushed sphagnum, peat and coconut fiber in equal parts for anthuriums. There is also a ready-made specialized substrate for anthuriums and other aroid species.
When it is not possible to find one or another component, it is possible to take the top layer of soil from coniferous forest for transplanting anthurium.
True, such natural raw materials require the most thorough disinfection to eliminate the danger of plant contamination by soil pests and fungi.
When and how to transplant anthurium after buying
If a planned transplant of anthurium most often takes place at the end of winter or in the first weeks of spring, then it is better to transplant a copy from the store soon after getting into the house. The fact is that anthuriums intended for sale are planted in pots with a small amount of peat or coconut substrate filled with long-acting fertilizers.
The supply of such an anthurium is calculated for a month or two. Plants actively flowering on the shelves by the time they enter the house spend their last strength and may die if they are not transplanted into fresh soil.
In this regard, the question arises: "How to transplant anthurium after purchase, if the plant still blooms?" Indeed, is it worth worrying about such an instance?
To transfer to a nutritious, full-fledged soil, such a plant stands, and before removing it from the pot, you need to cut off all the flower stalks. A simple technique will facilitate the acclimatization of anthurium after transplantation, and bright inflorescences will not disappear. If they are cut off when pollen has already showered the cob, inflorescences in the vase will decorate the house for more than a month.
A video about anthurium transplantation will tell in detail about the conduct of this important procedure and will help in practice to master the most difficult stages.
Caring for anthurium after transplanting
While the top layer of the substrate under the plant does not dry out, it is not necessary to water the anthurium after transplantation. In addition, a pet who has experienced a serious shock must be carefully protected from drafts and direct sunlight.
Since the plant has received everything necessary for growth, and its roots need time to acclimatize, it is not necessary to feed the anthurium for another 2-3 months after transplantation.
If you ignore this advice, organic and mineral substances trapped in the soil can cause damage to burned tissues and only prolong the discomfort undesirable for the plant.
Home transplantation of anthurium can be used to separate the mother plant and obtain several young layers. To do this, the side shoots, which have acquired roots, are carefully separated and transferred to separate small pots.