Characteristic of the Summer Duchess cage typeIt produces an excellent harvest, both in single household plots and on large-scale plantations. In 1796, the Englishman Wheeler presented this amazing variety of fruit to everyone. Today the summer and winter Duchess are known, having some distinctive features.
Characteristics of a grade Summer Duchess pearl
Pear Duchess pear Summer is absolutely not picky in the choice of soil. However, it is self-infertile, it needs additional pollination by such varieties as Pass Krassan, Olivier de Ser, Kappa Favorite, Forest Beauty, Bere Ardanpon.
Late flowering is long enough. Inflorescences of medium size are not susceptible to damage with rapid temperature changes. Fruits are slightly oblong pear-shaped, weighing up to 200 grams. The taste of such a gift of nature is too sweet and resembles nutmeg. Pear begins to bear fruit for 5 years after planting. The crop is often harvested in mid-August, which can be stored for about two weeks.
This kind of fruit can be realized without fear of spoilage, as it is well tolerated in transportation, and at cold temperatures its safety reaches up to 1.5 months.
The pear variety Duchess has several advantages:
- is not susceptible to scab;
- tree growth on any soil;
- resistance to any environmental conditions;
- shelf life of 2 weeks after the breakdown;
- huge fruits.
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Any pear species is endowed with drawbacks, including those presented:
- susceptibility to eating by aphids and carnival;
Characteristic variety Winter Duchess
The appearance of the fruit is almost a copy of the summer version of Duchess. The main distinguishing feature is the ripening period. Description varieties of pears Duchess should be studied to recognize it among other relatives. Winter view gives a volumetric yield, if it grows on fertile and fertilized soil. The tree begins to bear fruit for 6-7 years after planting. His tasty work can be plucked in October. One tree can produce up to 100 kg. As well as the summer brother, Winter Duchess requires pollinators: Olivier de Ser, Bere Ardunpon, Williams.
In ripe form, the fruit reaches up to 600 grams. The yellow shade of a smooth peel has on the one hand a bright big crimson. The flesh has some sourness in combination with a rich sweetness.
Positive qualities of the variety:
- cold resistance:
- shelf life in a cool place for several months.
Negative sides of the winter species:
- susceptibility scab;
Planting and care
Planting and caring for Duchess pears is not particularly different from the cultivation of other varieties. High-quality seedlings are planted in late April before bud break. The pit for planting is small: 1 meter deep by 0.7 m wide.
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Do not overdo it with fertilizers. Fresh manure can damage the roots, it should be excluded when planting future trees. And, here, the combination of fertile soil with peat and compost is suitable as a primer for such a thing. It is like a bee-bird to blind a cone from this soil mixture into which to carefully distribute the roots of the seedling and send it to a hole. A thin trunk needs a support, the role of which can be performed by an ordinary wooden bar, stuck into the ground next to the seedling. The barrel of a pear and a bar are tied with a rope to each other, but not tightly.
Description and photo pear Duchess tell you how to follow and care for the tree. Before winter, it needs to be covered with dense material, to avoid admission to the roots of drafts and very low temperatures. The material can be plain paper of different thickness or cotton fabric. When the snow fell, it is necessary to pile up as much as possible around the tree, thereby providing a "duvet" during the cold weather. Low fence will help save the tree from rodents - hares.
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Pruning pear branches Duchess pears are made in spring. A year after planting, we should get rid of the side branches. Cut them to the kidneys. In this year, you also need to shorten the trunk by 1/4 to ensure its growth to the sides. In the second year, the trunk is shortened by 20 cm, and branches by 8 cm.
Cut the branches so that the top of the tree is truncated cone-shaped.
Fertilizers and fertilizing
In the first year of the tree’s life, no additional nutrients are needed, because the soil was initially fertilized during planting. Its useful properties are long enough.
The rest of its life needs fertilizing once every three years with organic fertilizer. To do this, you must observe certain proportions: 8 kg of manure is needed per 1 square meter. Every year the tree needs mineral fertilizers: potassium chloride - 30 g per 1 square meter, saltpeter - 25 g, superphosphate - 25 g. Fertilizers are introduced into pre-dug cavities in the ground 20 cm deep.
Pear Dushes is considered the standard among its kind. Such positive reviews due to its taste, usefulness and ease of cultivation.
Grandfather’s pear planting method - video