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Insects that eat exclusively dill do not exist. But a lot of pests damage its crops along with other vegetables. Wireworms and loops, larvae of the May beetle, a bear and caterpillars that scoop a scoop damage the underground parts of plants. Moles and field mice, ants can harm roots by tearing out burrows. Ground parts infect spider mites, thrips, listobliski, tsikadki, and many other insects. Do not disdain greens and various slugs.
Culture rarely occupies a leading place in the garden. All of these living creatures would be wrong to call pests dill. The fight against them is carried out when they exceed a critical amount and is usually caused by the defeat of other garden crops. But there are limited specialized species that emit dill for their attention.
Umbrella, other names: dill, carrot, anise - mole
Nondescript butterfly, fore wings brown, slightly reddish-brown, up to 19 mm wide, back gray. The genus Depressaria has 109 species, somewhat different in appearance. Caterpillars are brown with a reddish tinge, greenish between segments. For the year it is derived from one( in the north) to three( in the south of the countries of the former USSR) generation.
The seed plants of the umbrella family crops are amazing: carrot, cumin, anise, dill, cowberry, coriander and others. Caterpillars devour the buds and immature seeds, weave umbrellas around the web, holding them together. Significant harm is brought only with visible areas of the testes.
How prevention helps the destruction of wild umbellate crops near seed crops, especially Hogweed. It is important to clean up and thresh umbrellas on time. The need for chemical treatment occurs rarely, if necessary, treated with insecticides according to the instructions to the drugs.
Shchitnik line( grafizoma striped, Italian bug)
Bug up to 11 mm.long“Italian” is not a reference to the country of origin, but to a distant resemblance to the striped coloring of the Vatican Guards. It is difficult to confuse with any other pest - a very bright insect. And for good reason: such a noticeable color warns birds about its inedibility.
At danger, it does not fly away, but freezes, releasing a stinky and burning secret. For humans, this is not poisonous, but the birds do not touch it. The proboscis sucks the juice from the immature seeds of umbrella plants, young shoots, inflorescences. As a result, the seeds are puny, poor quality or not formed at all.
Detachments of 10-15 bugs that are gathered for mating on the tops of tall plants are very noticeable. Such groups can be conveniently sprayed locally( for example, from a spray bottle) or shaken into a bucket of water. The need for continuous processing of crops usually does not arise.
Strictly speaking, they affect many garden plants, not just dill. There are carrot, melon, willow-carrot and others. These are small, translucent insects, usually green or greenish in color. Vigorously suck the juice from many plants. But often we notice green bugs on dill.
What to do?
It is undesirable to process with pesticides: dill is usually used fresh, simply by washing the leaves, and the addition of poison to the body somehow does not attract. Fortunately, the pest has delicate covers, and it is advantageous to carry out the fight against aphids on dill without chemicals. We use homemade poisonous solutions, such as tincture of tobacco or tomato tops.
Potato or tomato tops( poison - solanine, which gave the name to the whole family of solanaceous - Solanaceae) is filled with water. A bucket of water for 1.5-2 kg of crushed raw materials. We stand for 3-4 hours or boil for half an hour, add a little soap or powder. Soap reduces surface tension, as a result, the solution is better distributed and stick.
Tobacco plants( the active substance is nicotine) 100 gr.greens per liter of water a day insist, filter, add soap and spray. You can use and dusting tobacco dust. More tinctures for removing aphids make of celandine, feverfew, hot pepper. And how to remove aphids from dill, if a small amount is still present on the picked greens? The easiest way is to rinse with a strong jet of water.
Pesticides should be used with caution on green crops. If part of the poison is theoretically destroyed when storing or cooking vegetables, then the dill is used immediately. And without heat treatment. It is better to try to do without spraying while growing it.