Any self-respecting gardener eventually comes to the decision to grow tomatoes on the site. Vegetables are considered healthy and very tasty, they are consumed fresh or added to various dishes. Among the early varieties, the plant known as “Summer Resident” is very popular, then we will look at its characteristics and description.
Table of Contentscreated by artificial method. For the first time he was taken out in the Urals. is cultivated with equal success in hothouse conditions and on unprotected soil; can be cultivated even at home .He feels great in any area of Russia.
Shrubs are not very high, about 60 centimeters, you should not step up and tie them up. Regardless of climatic conditions, the plant is able to produce stable yields.
To ripen fruits, you need for just over three months , the average weight of tomatoes is 150 grams .
The branchiness of the tomato is average, for best results, the bushes need to grow in three to four
Horticulturists have noted instances when, from the weight of the fruit, the plants fell on beds. The ability to form the ovary is excellent, even if the weather conditions are not very favorable. On one hand can be up to a dozen fruits.
Tomatoes are distinguished by a bright red hue, flat-round forms with barely perceptible ribbing at the stem, versatility of purpose, as they contain a high level of dry matter. Skin thinish, but very durable.
The fleshy pulp bears in itself a lot of juice. Vegetable is most often consumed fresh, used to make tomato juice and canned foods.
fruits contain a huge amount of nutrients and vitamins , which are important for the human body. Tomatoes carry magnesium, potassium, zinc, iron, phosphorus and calcium. These minerals can reduce the risk of diseases of the cardiovascular system.
The plant is of the greatest interest among gardeners in the Central Belt, Siberia, and the Urals. Well say about Summer Residents gardeners of the Moscow region, Belarusians and Ukrainians. In short, the cultivation region for this variety of particular importance can be anything.
The advantages and disadvantages of variety
Among the main positive qualities are the following characteristics:
- early ripening periods ;
- sustainable yields, the results of which weather conditions have no effect;
- relatively easy requirements for agricultural machinery;
- excellent taste ;
- disease resistance;
- long fruiting period;
- fruits are distinguished by a good presentation, perfectly preserved during long shipments.
Soil Requirements for Planting
Summer Owner likes moderately heavy fertile soil .For the cultivation of seedlings, the soil can be purchased at a specialty store or you can compose it yourself, by mixing the required amount of manure to a simple ground.
When transplanting seedlings on the beds, the ground should be dug up, adding organic fertilizer to it. Tomato predecessors in the selected beds should be cucumbers, legumes, carrots or onions.
Sowing culture follows in the second half of March .Seedlings are recommended to grow in small plastic or peat cups.
Seeds are pre-prepared. It should be treated with with a weak solution of manganese, soak for a couple of hours in a growth-promoting compound. Planting depth should not exceed two centimeters, otherwise the seeds will germinate for a long time.
Seedlings are grown for about fifty days. Every three weeks, seedlings should be maintained mineral components, which contain a lot of nitrogen.
Transplanting tomatoes into open ground
About ten days before transferring seedlings to the beds, should be tempered by hardening .To do this, containers with seedlings are carried out daily to fresh air and kept there for five to six hours.
Up to six bushes are allowed to be planted per square meter of land. At the end of planting the beds are not shed with very cold water.
Grade care after transplantation
It is recommended to water the more than twice a month.
When watering, uses warm water .It is also necessary to take care not to flood the beds too much - the plant does not like overwetting and may even die.
In order for the air between the bushes to circulate better, it is necessary to cut off the branches located on the lower part of the stem.
During weeding, the soil loosens.
Diseases and their prevention
Resistance to other diseases is at an average level of .But still, experienced gardeners recommend as a preventive measure to treat the planting of a tomato with chemical compounds.
Practice has repeatedly proved that the characteristics of tomato Dachnik fully correspond to reality. Good crops of this vegetable can be obtained even with minimal care for the plants.
Variety is able to interest not only professional specialists, but also novice gardeners. It is really unpretentious, the collected fruits have a long shelf life.