Gas Geyser - a traditional attribute of the objects of the old housing stock. This type of equipment is not very familiar to owners of apartments in high-rise buildings with centralized hot water. However, the owners of Khrushchev it is still actively exploited. Not all of them know how you are installing a gas column in the apartment.
Agree, this issue needs thorough parsing. Illiterate unit assembly, refinery gas, will result in a serious threat. Eliminate the slightest risk to help information contained in this article is very useful. We will acquaint you with all the subtleties and details of the installation process.
Presented by us thoroughly tested and backed by systematic information photo collections and videos. You will get full answers to all possible questions that arise when connecting gas appliances.
The content of the article:
- If a gas water heater is not provided
- If the column has already been established
- Requirements to the room with equipment
- Requirements for ventilation and chimney
- Chimney unit in apartment with wooden walls
- column layout rules
- The specifics of the installation of gas supply
- Checking the tightness of the gas flow passages
- Analysis of the most common installation errors
- Responsibility for unauthorized installation
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
If a gas water heater is not provided
In the house where permitted installation of gas equipment, such as a stove, setting the column can be inhibited. This restriction applies to homes where more than 11 floors. On installation of the column in such an apartment will not give permission to any supervisory authority, as it is dangerous for the occupants.
In addition to the number of storeys of the reason for refusal can be re-planning. Studios are not suitable for the installation of gas equipment, as the equipment to be installed in non-residential premises.
If the kitchen combined with living room, it makes the use of gas appliances illegal. these limitations must be considered before the redevelopment. It can also be attributed to the apartment, where the kitchen is missing or is common.
Gas instantaneous water heater with the principle steps in the flats are preferably used to prepare hot water in older two-storey buildings may be aggregate to maintain the coolant temperature
Installation gas column is allowed in houses not exceeding five floors that are not connected to a central hot water system. In high-rise buildings, connected to the central hot water supply, gas equipment is not installed
Gas protochnikami also equip small private houses with an area not exceeding 150 m²
Instantaneous heater handles extending through the water to the extent necessary for use momentary
Gas water heater is not intended to form a reserve of hot water and maintain its temperature, which explains its small, convenient size for use
Gas instantaneous water heaters for apartments let out wall mounted. They should be placed so that there is guaranteed free access to the service columns and its connection nodes
In the same room is not permitted for more than two gas columns. Allowed to use and flow, and the storage of equipment in the amount of 1 pieces. Exception - multi-level apartment
Gas heating equipment is allowed to be installed only in private apartments and houses is prohibited accommodation in dorms, gyms, hotel, ie where the use may be permitted different people
Instantaneous gas water heater
Efficient compact device
Column operation of private homes
The compact dimensions of the flow-through equipment
Features Heater placement
Two gas water heater in one room
Installation of the heater only in homes and apartments
If the house does not fall under these restrictions, it is necessary to put together a package of documents for registration of the instrument.
The procedure is as follows:
- Write a statement to the gas distribution company.
- Get a plan of the BTI or Rosreestra.
- Provide a statement of the Russian Register, confirming the right of ownership.
- Apply to the relevant organizations for the draft.
- Find certified specialists from the organization that has access to the gas works.
After that experts will make the sidebar to the gas pipe will connect the unit and will hand over the water heater into operation.
To determine the possibility of installing the need to carefully examine the cadastral passport apartment. There you can find information about the parameters of the room, where the planned installation of the water heater (+)
It is not recommended to perform the installation with their own hands gas heater bypassing the law. These actions not only lead to penalties, but also endanger the lives of people.
water heater installation project on gas looks like. It indicates the location of the device connection, as well as gas distributing pipes (+)
If the column has already been established
When changing the water heater in the event of failure to be replaced and the device passport. If self-mounted gas boiler, the new device in your passport will be no mark on the commissioning and inspection.
According to the requirements of fire safety in homes shall be inspected gas appliances annually. Unauthorized replacement heater will not go unnoticed and is likely to be off the device and filling of
After receiving comments will connect the column must be re-inviting certified professionals.
Their duties include inspection ventilation system. In older homes they can be clogged debris. Exploit clogged vent dangerous moves. This can cause carbon monoxide poisoning deaths. If the decision to self-assembly of the heater is accepted, the first thing you need to check the ventilation.
Requirements to the room with equipment
The place where the gas water heater is installed, should be more than a cubic capacity of more than 7.5 m3. The height of the room should not be lower than 2.0 meters. This height is sufficient under the rules for the gas column. The room should be glazed.
The window can not be hollow, should be capable of ventilation in the event of leakage. The total glass area (without a frame) is determined by the formula:
C = O * 0,03,
C glass area.
O- volume of air in the room.
The window must pass air for extra ventilation. Plain kitchen fully meet these requirements, in the event that it is equipped with a door. If there is no door in the kitchen, it must be installed.
Est column layout with regard to the fire regulations. The door should be at least 0.8 m square meters closed area without glazing
Desirable indoor installation gas analyzer. It will help to detect gas leaks. This device is not mandatory, but it helps to keep track of the gas appliances. It reacts to the excess of propane in the air, and then warns the signal.
Installation of gas flow-type heater is allowed only in a commercial environment, the volume of which should be at least 7 mᶾ
Allowed the installation and maintenance of gas appliances only in rooms with a ceiling height of at least 2 m
Equipment Processing gas may be defined and used in areas with ventilation channel and a window fortochkoy
To form a stable thrust door to a room intended to install the column should not fit tightly against the floor, should remain at least 1 cm gap. Ideally, use the door with vents
The location of the gas column
Normalized minimum ceiling height
The presence of the ventilation devices
Ventilation gap in operational use
Requirements for ventilation and chimney
To create air circulation in the room must vent. It should not be scored through it should be easy to pass the air. If we ignore this rule, in the case of a gas leak residents receive apartments poisoning with severe consequences.
Significantly increase the risk of detonation of domestic gas, if it is not removed in a natural way, as leakage can occur at night when people are not able to detect it.
For normal operation of the gas column must additionally hold the chimney. It can be displayed in a common houses or directly on the street. In the construction of the chimney should be noted that it may have more than two bends at an angle of 90 degrees.
The total length of the chimney must not exceed three meters. Three options permitted location chimney pipe.
Version of its location determined by the location of the water heater. Pipes for discharging combustion products must be made of non-combustible materials. It should give priority to chimneys with the lowest thermal conductivity ()
The pipe must have a vertical section at the point of connection to the water heater. The length of the vertical portion obliged to be greater than or equal to 50 cm. The length of the horizontal portion of the pipe must not exceed two meters.
Performance allowed the chimney of a flexible corrugated tube, but it is necessary to eliminate any slack, which could block the discharge of the combustion products.
In the scheme described in detail as possible, and as it is impossible to do the installation of the chimney of the apartment. In addition to the length of the pipes have requirements for their bias. Per meter should be observed two-degree slope (+)
If the speaker unit is not intended to hold the chimney, it can not be limited to a vent in the wall. You must install a full hood, but even in this case a gas service have questions similar to the carbon dioxide removal system.
Channel for discharging combustion products from the gas column must be output in obschedomovyh ventilation shaft. He must have a minimum of corners and areas that impede the outflow of gas
In flue gas flow apparatus used rigid cylinder and the corrugated tube made of plastic or metal
Increasingly, the owners of the gas equipment prefer easy-to-install options corrugated pipe
The apparatus for removing channel still apply smoke pipe and rotary elements made of galvanized sheet metal, plastic, stainless steel, painted steel
From chimney gas column
Corrugated pipe for the chimney
The construction of the vent polymer corrugations
The chimney of the rigid pipes and bends
Chimney unit in apartment with wooden walls
In the houses of wood is allowed to use the heater for natural gas, but must comply with fire regulations setting a geyser. The chimney may not come into contact with the tree, you need to put a non-combustible material between them.
The basalt or mineral wool can be used as thermal insulation. You can use heat-resistant foam.
This is to prevent fire in the case of strong heating of the flue. As a rule, in wooden houses of the old buildings are not provided chimneys, or they are intended for kiln heating. The dilapidated houses prohibited the installation of gas equipment.
On the wall, made from lumber or sheathed lining installed gas water heaters with a device protection inflammable
Smoking gas column mounted directly on wooden wall without installing the metal plate on asbestos
Ideally, the walls for the installation of the gas column must be plastered and protected the metal sheet or ceramic tiles
Before installing a protective non-combustible wall system made of wood necessary to build insulation. If they are faced with tiles, use the optional insulation
Proper installation of a wooden surface
Violation of the right column installation
Protective apron made of ceramic tile
Features of the application of thermal insulation
column layout rules
The water heater may not be located on a supporting wall of the building. This is expressly prohibited by the requirements for the installation of gas columns. In the event of an explosion which may result in damage to the building or its partial destruction.
To clarify the possibility of installing the device you need to take information from the cadastral passport apartment and common house plan. This information can be specified by calling the experts.
Are requirements to space itself from the column to the opposite wall. The distance should not be less than one meter. It is necessary for the free access to the unit for maintenance and inspection. Also it is impossible to mount a pipe for supplying gas to the wall.
This complicates the examination of communications and search for gas leaks in the apartment. In identifying this violation will be issued an order to eliminate and clarified information about how to correctly install the necessary gas column and where to go.
Wall where the planned installation of the column should be prepared accordingly. With its combustible materials, such as wallpaper and PVC panels must be removed
The column should be at a distance from the wall of 10 cm. Do not install a gas water heater to a wooden wall with no prior training. At the site of installation must be fitted with a plate of steel, which is equal to or greater than the area of the rear wall of the device.
Do not install the speakers on a gas stove. These devices should be at least 1 meter apart. Also, you can not use hood for gas cookers as flue gases. It is impossible to use one chimney for exhaust and gas column. This is expressly prohibited by safety regulations.
When choosing a location for speaker installation, you must comply with regulatory distance to ensure safe operation. Between the sink and gas equipment should be at least 30 cm
Between the gas cooker and the instantaneous water heater must be not less than 10 cm
Before supplying the gas cylinder to the gas pipe shut-off valve must necessarily be set for the desired line of overlap
Between the mixer and the outlet of the heated water from the gas column it is recommended to leave a distance of 1 m required for normal operation of the automation
Norm distance from the sink
The distance between the plate and the gas column
Valves in a gas supply pipe
Specificity mixer arrangement
The specifics of the installation of gas supply
The pipes in the apartment are the property of its owner, but the unauthorized change in the gas supply system can not be done. For any changes, you must obtain permission of the gas service, otherwise it will be fined.
If geyser has already been installed at this point, the significant design changes is not a cause. It suffices to block the gas valve on the pipe and make its replacement. If the water heater is installed for the first time, the need to do the wiring.
In the diagram, denoted process proper routing of gas and water pipes. Depending on the tube material need tools for metal welding or soldering plastics (+)
With self-assembly of pipes need to observe the following rules:
- Cover the gas before starting work.
- To carry out work with the window open.
- Remove debris from the pipes caused during installation.
- Not to hold the pipe through the door and window openings.
- Do not use a ventilation shaft for laying pipes.
- Do not install a gas pipeline in the wall.
- Do not use flexible hoses longer than 3 meters.
- Stain metal pipes.
Particular attention should be paid to the sealing of connecting elements of the pipeline. To do this, use the seal and sealant. After completion of the wiring can be ready to install the device.
Checking the tightness of the gas flow passages
After installation of the heater, check the gas pipes for leaks. If there's gas analyzerIt greatly simplifies the process and improves the quality of verification. If this device is absent, you can use the old-fashioned way.
This will require the usual soap, jar and brush. The bank soluble soap to the state of the liquid emulsion. Further sequentially using a brush to apply the emulsion to the field pipe connections. As application to track the appearance of bubbles on the treated area. If their appearance is necessary to eliminate the leak.
Before checking for leaks must take the necessary safety measures. Be sure to turn off all electrical appliances
In any case it is impossible to check the gas leakage with fire. It is dangerous and can lead to an explosion. Do not risk your life and the lives of their neighbors.
Gas appliances need regular inspection and periodic cleaning. clean column you can own, but if you really do not have experience in servicing such systems, it is better to apply to the the company entered into a contract with you for the supply of gaseous fuel and maintenance involved in this instruments.
Analysis of the most common installation errors
The most common mistake is to set the water heater in the bathroom. In this room, there is usually no windows. Particularly dangerous to put the column without a chimney. There is a water heater models in which the carbon comes out through the hole, and its removal from the premises takes place through a vent in the wall.
The second most common mistake acts desire to hide the device so that it is not visually knocked out of the interior. Often geyser installed in a cabinet. This leads to disruption of the proper functioning of the gas column.
Even if the distance of 10 cm from the enclosure bottom wall and no bottom, the air flow will still be insufficient for cooling the device. It will be cool for longer, which will significantly reduce its lifetime
The third mistake that often occurs is messed up the connection of the gas pipe in the column. This leads to the ingress of water into the pipeline. Liquid gets there through the gas column and then moves down the pipes. So water gets into the gas equipment neighbors below, completely disabling it.
Removal of the liquid produced gas service. Upon detection of the source in the apartment owner shut off gas and discharged fine. Here is the instruction on disabling gas
Gorgaz discourage workers can not carry out the trip. In case of failure of the police outfit it will be called as endangered people's lives.
Responsibility for unauthorized installation
If tie-in pipe for connecting the column is formed bypassing the metering device, then such an act falls under Art. 7.19 Russian AK. For this administrative responsibility in the form of penalties.
For individuals, the penalties range from a half to two thousand. It is the smallest of the possible measures for illegally logged into the gas system. To learn how to made a formal connection to the centralized gas pipeline is detailed the following articleWith which we recommend reviewing.
In addition to the Administrative Code, unauthorized Box and installation of gas equipment is covered by the Federal Law No 69 "On Fire". According to the document of the property owner is administrative or criminal liability, depending on the severity of the consequences.
If the action will bring the property damage to third parties, then the owner will be required to reimburse it in full. In addition for the violation can be fined in the amount of 80 000 rub. If significant damage was caused to the health of neighbors, the owner may be taken into custody and imprisoned for up to two years.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Clip # 1. How to connect and seal the pipe:
Clip # 2. The dangerous connection column without complying with fire regulations:
Clip # 3. The video summary of the rules of installation of the gas column with a detailed examination of the main points:
If it was decided to install the water heater in the apartment on their own, it is necessary to make the installation of all the rules. It is strictly forbidden to save on materials for installation. This is the case when it is better to err and to overpay. Otherwise, the consequences can be tragic. It is better to invite a specialist, and a time to pay than ever to pay fines from the gas service.
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