The bush form in combination with high yield is the dream of any gardener with a limited area for planting vegetables. Modern varieties of cucumber varieties of bush varieties have already earned an excellent reputation among lovers of fresh vegetables and rightfully took their place in the calendar of garden works. Description and characteristics of the most popular cucumber varieties of this type are presented below.
- What cucumbers called shrub
- What is the difference bush cucumber
- varieties Among the variety of options
- Sectional gift
- Kid F1
- Ant F1
- Shorty F1
- varieties Among the variety of options
- Planting in open ground
- Features care
- Diseases and pests
What kind of cucumber is called bush
Bush called specially bred varieties and hybrid forms of cucumber, which have such common characteristics as:
- compactst - plant grows as a small bush;
- short stem length - depending on the variety and growing conditions, the stem reaches a length of 30-70 cm;
- weak branching - side scourges are small and short;
- ; set; ovary;
- early ripeness - bush varieties and hybrids have a short period of fruit ripening;
- “Friendliness” of the return of the crop - all greens in the ovary reach maturity within a short period of time.
What is the difference between bush cucumbers
|Shrub or short-stem cucumbers|
|Growth||In the form of a compact, strongly leafy shrub with short lashes and fruit ovaries, resembling a flower brush - in one node several Zelentsov simultaneously.|
|Cultivation conditions||Open landing, less often - in greenhouse or greenhouse conditions.|
|Maturing terms||Early, at 40-50 days.|
|Resistance to diseases||High - due to the rapid maturation and ease of processing between rows.|
|The yield of||is average, as the short stems and lashes of the ovary are smaller than the long-stem varieties.|
|Care||More simple due to the compactness and simplicity of the plant.|
In addition, the benefits of bush cucumbers include the long shelf life of the crop and its excellent taste.
A variety of seed material allows gardeners to choose bush cucumbers for such parameters as growing conditions, ripening terms and ways of subsequent processing - only lettuce or also suitable for canning.
Among varietal variants
Early ripening bee-pollinated variety planted in open soil. Ripens on 42-45 a day. Fruits are red-corked, cylindrical, green. The variety has good keeping quality. Suitable for salting and canning.
Early ripe, disease resistant, pollination grade. It is grown in open plantings of seeds and seedlings. Ripens on 46-48 a day. Fruits are egg-shaped, dark green, tuberculate. They have good taste. In addition to salads can be used for salting and canning.
Early, pollinated variety with ripening period 47-50 days. Planted in open soil. Fruits are dark green, medium-sized, with good taste. Suitable for pickles and preparations for the winter.
Early variety Kid with a stalk length of not more than 30 cm. Designed for cultivation in the open field. Ripens to 40 day since germination of seedlings. Fruits are dark green with a large-tuberous surface about 9 cm long. Resistant to powdery mildew and viruses.
Ant Ultra-ripened bunch hybrid with weak branching of stalks for cultivation in the open and closed ground. Ripens on 37-38 the day after germination. Hybrid self-pollinating with large-lumpy oval-shaped fruits. Resistant to viruses and diseases.
Early self-pollinated hybrid bred for cultivation in the open field. Ripening Period - 47-52 of the day. Fruits are dark green, cylindrical, with whitish spikes. The variety is resistant to temperature fluctuations.
Planting in open ground
You can plant such cucumbers by seed directly in open ground or in the form of pre-grown seedlings. Planting pattern - rows with row spacing 45-60 cm and distance between bushes 15-30 cm depending on the selected grade. In order to avoid development of diseases you should not make planting too thick.
In the ground, cucumber seeds are sown at the end of May, when the soil and air are already well warmed. For normal germination, this plant requires a temperature of + 20-25 ° C.When possible return frosts crops should be covered with a film or agrofibre.
Sprouted cucumber seeds are sown at the end of April - beginning of May. At optimum temperature, seedlings appear for 5-6 days. By the time of landing in the ground seedlings should reach the age of 20 days. To protect against temperature fluctuations, it is recommended to land it under a film cover.
Spray cucumbers do not need special care. Due to its compactness, it is even simpler, since, for example, bush forms do not need pinching and tying. Care for this type of cucumber is reduced to the following measures:
- watering is regular and quite abundant, but without excessive moisture, to prevent the development of fungal diseases, preferably settled and not cold water in the early morning or late evening;
- top dressing - systematic, as bush forms develop more intensively than long stem ones, so they need more nutrients in the form of nitrogenous and potash fertilizers;
- soil loosening - regular, especially after watering, but careful not to damage the root system located close to the surface;
- Weed control and the removal of sluggish or diseased leaves and fruits - in too thick and littered plantings, the likelihood of developing diseases and the appearance of pests increases.
Diseases and pests
Like ordinary cucumbers, shrubs can suffer from diseases such as:
- powdery mildew is a fungal disease, the symptom of which is white( sometimes - rare) mealy plaque on the leaves;
- Perinosporosis - downy mildew, manifested by numerous light yellow spots covering the leaves;
- cladosporiosis or brown olive spot is also a fungal disease that appears on the leaves and fruits in the form of small rounded ulcers of a greenish-brown or olive shade;
- anthracnose or verdigris is a disease in which there are a lot of brown spots on the leaves and wet ulcers on the fruits;
- sclerotinia or white rot - develops from fungi and affects the entire plant, starting to grow from numerous white bodies, gradually covering stems, leaves and fruits with a continuous coating, which causes their softening and rotting;
- gray rot - a bacterial disease that manifests itself in the form of vague watery brown spots that quickly become smoky gray;
- root rot - its symptom is rapidly withering leaves and rotten red roots.
incipations of diseases of the beat of the instigations of the diseases of the beat of the instigations of the diseases of the agendas of the development of diseases of the cladosporosis In addition to diseases, the enemies of cucumbers are also some garden pests. These include: main methods to combat pests - spraying and precise observance agricultural technicians of cultivation of cucumber, especially preplant soil preparation. Spray Pickles is a great alternative to classic, long-stem varieties, if space is limited. They are unpretentious and resistant to diseases, and in response to simple care they are ready to please with a bountiful harvest of tasty fruits, , which can be consumed fresh or harvested for the winter.
In addition to diseases, the enemies of cucumbers are also some garden pests. These include:
main methods to combat pests - spraying and precise observance agricultural technicians of cultivation of cucumber, especially preplant soil preparation.
Spray Pickles is a great alternative to classic, long-stem varieties, if space is limited. They are unpretentious and resistant to diseases, and in response to simple care they are ready to please with a bountiful harvest of tasty fruits, , which can be consumed fresh or harvested for the winter.