The main skill is to disassemble the washing machine, and then assemble it again. Let's talk today about the specified property, about the parts and components that fill the device. This will help to make an independent repair of washing machines. We will move from the models of Bosch, like a group like Zanussi. Ariston is a copy at all, only the order of disassembly is slightly different, and the heating element often stands at the back of the tank.
The device of the washing machine
Before going into the wilds, let us tell you what components are found in a typical washing machine. Details will need to be removed from the established sequence in order to get to the desired place:
- Panels: front, rear, top, ground front.
- Tray for detergent.
- Programmer Panel.
- Drum with a tank and couplings.
- Tank Weights.
Disassembling a Bosch
washing machine Top of an
washing machine Before working, unplug the power cord. It is permissible to get a slight electric shock by touching the plug. The usual thing. A small fraction of the energy is stored in the condenser. At Bosch, it is first necessary to remove the top panel. This will provide convenient access to the remaining parts. You need the TORX key. A pair of bolts is visible on the back wall in the upper part on the sides. Unscrew them. Carefully remove the top panel, in front fastens on two latches. Now you have easy access to the front.
The programmer panel of the
washing machine Remove the base panel, is standardly fastened with latches and lends itself to skilled hands and a screwdriver. Then you need to carefully remove the tray for detergents. On the left side of the programmer panel will open a pair of screws, on which the spare is holding. Unscrew them. It is better not to undock the programmer panel if it does not require repair. Just flip through the upper frame, where the construction will lie down until the end of the work. Now is the time to take up the front panel. Mounted on four screws:
- two at the bottom;
- two at the top.
Front panel of the washing machine
Immediately you will not be able to detach the front panel, the drum clutch is attached here. Remove the ring cover that secures the rubber along the loading window. More often there is a spring that needs to be slightly stretched. To prevent the rubber clutch from interfering, push it inside the washing machine. A pair of screws will bare, need to unscrew. Remove the front panel.
Tank weights, hoses and PETN
The detergent tray box is connected to the tank with a thick hose and sits on the clamps. Remove required. In the direction of the filling opening, a pair of tubes goes. Undock if necessary. Bosh usually has two tank weights, front and top. Remove in turn by unscrewing the bolts. TEN is often located in front. Take a picture of the connectors before shooting. This will help with the assembly. TEN is pressed by one plate, stuck with a nut. If you intend to remove the heater of the washing machine, loosen the nut, gently attach the plate, hit with a hammer to lay the heating element, which may have stuck in operation.
Repair of Electrolux washing machines follows a similar pattern. TEN is behind. Looking ahead, we say that the configuration of the housing panels is similar. To clean the scale heater, simply remove the rear steel panel of the washing machine. Disconnect the wiring by taking a picture of it, then perform the necessary operations.
In the lower part of the tank, we note a thin, suitable tube. This probe pressure switch, watching the water level. Undock it. The drain hose is located at the bottom of the washing machine tank and is supported on the hose clamp. Unscrew the bolt and remove the rubber liner. At Bosch, TEN cables are often mounted on the front of the tank. Disconnect if necessary.
The back of the washing machine, engine
It's time for the back panel. It is often made of steel and bolted with a variety of screws around the perimeter. Through the rear panel is achieved access to the engine, standing on the runners directly on the tank. Take a picture of the electrical connections, it will further simplify the assembly. Remove the belt from the pulley, carefully loosen the motor mounting bolts, but do not completely unscrew. Lightly move the engine to the right and left to lag behind the runners. Only then remove the unit. Take care - in the unit the lion's share of the mass of the washing machine. In Ariston, in the lower part of the rear panel there is a plastic insert that allows access to the engine.
Shock absorber system of the washing machine
The tank is mounted with two springs at the bottom and two springs at the top of the center. Bosch is difficult to remove quickly the top elements. It is recommended to simply unscrew the springs, then remove the tank with the drum. If you remember, the weighting of the washing machine has already been removed, the total weight of the two parts will not be so great. Repair of Zanussi washing machines is different: it is easier to remove the upper springs first.
Washing machine tank
Remove the pulley from the tank. To do this, it is fixed by any means at hand, then the nut is carefully removed. The tank, like a barrel from Kinder Surprise, consists of two halves, which are held on bolts and plastic latches. Attention! Plastic tank latches can not be disassembled without damage, they just break off. If readers can do it differently, leave the specified fastener safe and sound. By the way, when reassembling, bother to install a new seal between the halves.
Before disassembling the tank into two parts, do a simple thing. Put the plastic barrel on the wooden blocks with the shaft facing up. Gently tap on the axis with a rubber hammer so that the shaft jumps off the bearings. After disassembling the drum is easily removed from the halves, the master gets access to the gland. If the oil seal flows, water gets into the bearings, and the century of the washing machine will not be long. It will be possible to understand that this part has failed, without disassembling the case. During the cycle, the washing machine hums like a rocket.
An interesting repair of washing machines Ardo. Often there is no need to completely disassemble the unit to gain access to the drum. After removing the back wall, you will find a clamp covering the tank and sitting on a rubber gasket. Unplug the part, the rear wall of the tank will come out with the drum.
This is convenient when cleaning the heating elements and walls from scale and deposits. The assembly is somewhat more complicated. It will be necessary to clearly align the back wall, lay the seal, apply and evenly clamp the clamp. From this point of view, the repair of Ardo washing machines, concerning the replacement of bearings, takes less time and effort.
Replacing the cuff of the washing machine
Described in detail how to disassemble the washing machine. Questions remain, for example, with the replacement of the cuff. You will need to remove the front panel. The fastening bolts are often under the base( as done by AEG), the upper pair is located under the programmer panel( for example, Ariston).If necessary, remove the tray, under it we find a couple of screws, unscrew. Now the programmer panel is easily removed. We unscrew the four screws of the front panel, remove the cuff ring. To do this, we hook in the area of the spring, pull over. Under the cuff sometimes there is an extra pair of screws, it is worth unscrewing. When undocking the front panel, be careful, in the area of the lock there is a standard pair of wires to control the closing of the door before the start of the cycle. Disconnect the wiring.
To replace the cuff, you do not need to remove the front tank weighting agent. Just gently pull the rubber towards you, it will gradually come out. Put a new seal with your hands, preferably without a screwdriver. Reassembly is carried out in the opposite order.
How to replace the bearings of the
washing machine Do the operations mentioned above before removing the drum from the tank. In Ardo it is easy, otherwise it will have to sweat. The shaft of the drum detects a number of ledges, which relies on the bearings. The first is removed gland, ring part on the inner wall of the tank along the axis. This is done with a simple screwdriver, carefully so as not to damage the product.
Bearings are knocked out with a chisel and a rubber hammer. They are different sizes, install the wrong new kit will not work. We recommend shooting the bearings on both sides of the tank in order to know which side to put. Not always the details are symmetrical. Back bearings are hammered with a rubber hammer all the way into the wall. Then the assembly is carried out, there is no difficult!
Self-repair of washing machines requires a deep knowledge of design. Having examined the case, it is possible to proceed to the evaluation of the performance of the nodes. In some cases, the cause of the problem is immediately clear. We recommend paying special attention to the error codes issued by the display. The life of the washing machine will increase, if every six months to clean the drainage pump, it is not bad to grease the oil seal. .. Repair of automatic washing machines is not easy, but interesting. Dare!