Few people know what the swede looks like that places special demands on care, and also what family it belongs to. The plant is two years old, in the first year it forms a root crop and foliage. The following year, the vegetable grows a stalk, which after flowering produces seeds that can be planted the very next year. The plant is not simple, and even capricious, it needs constant attention during cultivation.
Table of contents
- What is this swede?
- Useful properties and contraindications
- The most popular varieties of
- Terms for planting
- How to plant seeds in open ground?
- Proper care and growing
- Susceptibility to diseases and pests
What is this rutabaga?
Depending on the variety, the shapes of the fruits of the swede are different:
Vegetable flesh hard, may be light or yellow. The sizes of root crops are large; during growth, their upper part is visible on the surface of the bed. Apical part of dark green color, yellowish or violet at the bottom with slight redness.
The plant tolerates cold conditions well, the seeds are able to start growing at a couple degrees of heat. Sprouts withstand small frosts, adult swede is not dangerous, and five-degree frost.
On the territory of our country, the cultivation of turnips has not received widespread distribution, but in the western countries its cultivation is developed. For example, the British even consider it their national dish.
Useful properties and contraindications
Swede contains a large amount of vitamins and minerals. It is noted that even after heat treatment, the vegetable is able to maintain its positive qualities.
The presence of vitamin C enrolls sweat in a number of products recommended from scurvy .Freshly squeezed juices are successfully used in wound healing, they effectively work as expectorant and diuretics.
Dishes prepared from this vegetable can improve digestion, recommended for people suffering from obesity and constipation. Use vegetable and in the preparation of diets.
It is believed that the root crop is quite valuable for livestock as feed. If you include it in the diet of dairy cattle, you can significantly increase milk production.
The most popular varieties of
Vegetable is cultivated for table and forage needs, therefore it is divided into certain varieties:
- Krasnoselskaya - is grown for food use. In terms of maturity, the plant is considered medium early, the growing season lasts from three to four months. Pulp of a yellow shade, sugary. The root crop has a flat-rounded shape, a grayish-green shade with hints of purple. The weight of one vegetable ranges from three hundred to six hundred grams. The culture is suitable for long-term storage;
- dzelteni abolu - a table variety of Latvian selection specialists, it does not differ in good keeping quality. Seventy - one hundred thirty days pass from the moment of emergence to harvest. The average weight of a vegetable is four hundred grams, the flesh is yellow, firm;
- Swedish - a variety of universal, grown for dining and feeding purposes. Tastes somewhat inferior to Krasnoselskaya. The growing season takes about four and a half months.
Terms for planting
Seed in open ground turnip need to be planted in early May. If it is planned to grow a vegetable by the seedling method, then it is necessary to sow in March - early April, so that the seedlings have at least forty days before transplanting to a permanent place.
How to plant seeds in open ground?
Vegetable can grow on both neutral and acid soils. The land should be quite fertile and loose. Best of all, if it is loamy, sandy or peaty cultivated beds. The soil should be easy to absorb and keep the moisture.
The best predecessors for this plant are legumes, solanaceous or pumpkin.
Brückwe likes manure, so it is recommended to add it to the soil in the fall, while digging. But at the stage of vegetable ripening, such fertilizer is contraindicated - the root crop becomes dry and porous. Phosphate-potassium are best suited as mineral fertilizer compounds. A good solution is to use dolomite flour or lime.
When growing seeds, it is necessary to prepare a bed in the fall. Sowing is carried out at a depth of two to two and a half centimeters, the interval between rows is forty-five centimeters. Emerging seedlings need to thin out, so that between plants remained fifteen centimeters interval.
Proper care and growing
Growing vegetables is not difficult. The care of standard sweep is irrigation, removal of weeds, disease prevention, the introduction of dressing formulations.
The first decade of growth of seedlings is slow, it is very important at this time to water sprouts in time, to remove weeds. After one and a half to two months, the vegetable begins to form roots, as evidenced by the foliage of the plant, part of which dries.
Feed the swede twice - a couple of weeks after planting( manure) and during the formation of the fetus( complex formulations).
Susceptibility to Diseases and Pests
Like other cruciferous plants, turnips can be affected by powdery mildew, ashes, linen. The cabbage fly, aphid and kila will not pass by such a culture.
To avoid trouble, you must constantly inspect the plants. Having detected the first signs, it is necessary to carry out the necessary measures, having processed the plantings with special compounds.
The crop yield is five hundred kilograms from one hundred square meters of planting. Let the botany be fed to livestock silage; root crops are stored in the colts, cellars or trenches for the winter period.
As it turned out, it is difficult to choose a good variety for cultivation, but there is always an opportunity for foreign breeders to find a suitable option. When organizing proper care, every gardener is able to grow this crop on his own plot.