Every year, homeowners own numerous pests. Some of them occur periodically, but such insects can cause significant damage to the crop. Not every host knows what a dangerous parasite is a click beetle, but its larva is familiar to all.
Adult insects cause almost no harm to plants, but their females differ in fertility, laying a large number of eggs, each of which replenishes the number of wireworms in the garden.
- How to deal with the beetle in the garden
- Its body is thickened, oblong. Above the wings are rigid plates, most often they can be distinguished point grooves. The surface of the plates gives a metallic sheen.
The color of the beetles is different, it is determined by the subspecies of the insect itself. Some have uniform black or brown color. There are beetles that have a pattern on the front part of the back and on the anteroles, consisting of multi-colored specks, stripes or patterns.There are tropical species, the color of which is the brightest - orange, red, yellow, blue, green.The most common in Russia appearance of a nutcracker Spotted Red tropical look
In some places on the body of a click there are hairs and scales. The head, which occupies a third of the whole body, is slightly retracted into the front part of the back. It has two round eyes of small shape, a mustache, divided into eleven segments each. Wings are developed perfectly. There are six long legs, all - walking. Paws end claws.
The main feature of the beetle is a process that forms at the middle and front parts of the chest. It is a kind of mechanism for jumping , which allows the beetle to roll over if necessary.
As soon as the insect is turned upside down to the surface, it bends the front thoracic part, rests on the pronotum. Such a state of the scion leads to full readiness. Insect sharply bent in the opposite direction, the process rests on the elytra, throwing the body up. After rising into the air, the insect performs a flip, landing on the legs.
A click of a dog performs a jump with a height that exceeds the parameters of an own body by a factor of two or two .Such insect stunts are not fun. Quite often the beetle in a similar way fights for its own life. And in a dense substrate it is much easier for him to move.
At the larval or worm stage, the beetle has the appearance of the caterpillar. The long body is divided into thirteen segments, its shape is cylindrical. On the almost naked body, sometimes the villi can be seen, the head capsule is the most dense and dark.
The head is quadrangular in shape, slightly narrowed in front. It has a mustache consisting of three segments. In front are strong mandibles consisting of the upper and lower jaws.
Each larva has six paws, equally developed. The body can be painted in light yellow color , and are found dark brown specimens.
What plants are affected by the pest
The lives most often on the fields with root crops, but its reproduction occurs in any area with vegetation. The favorite places of the parasite are:
Ways to fight the beetle in the gardenWinning click is difficult. It is necessary to get rid of not only adult insects, but also their larvae, which can turn into full-fledged parasites.
The method is selected based on the number of insects and the wishes of the gardener himself.
Use of special preparations
The method is the most reliable , often used. Chemicals have a high level of efficiency, are easy to apply, and give good results.
It is necessary to use them in strict accordance with the instructions , so as not to infect the fruit and not poison yourself:
Prestige Aktara Taboo
- Prestige - 10 ml of the drug is diluted in a bucket of water. The tool should be shed beds intended for planting potatoes and other vegetables. Dropping flowers, they must be watered. The chemical is completely dissolved in the soil in fifty days, it does not pose a danger to health;
- Aktara - used for planting, processing the upper layers of the soil. Four grams of a chemical agent is diluted with ten liters of water. The mixture is poured into the wells prepared for potatoes. The diluted amount is enough for one hundred squares of space;
- Taboo - recommended for processing potato tubers, used only for planting. A cost-effective means, 10 ml of the drug are needed for a half liter of water.
Using popular methods
It is recommended that alternate the planting of potatoes and buckwheat, peas and beans, since the beetle will not eat these plants.
Using quicklime, eggshell, chalk, ash of wood and mineral fertilizer compounds, it is necessary to reduce the acidity level of in the soil.
When planting potatoes near each tuber, dig up a handful of husks. In the same way, you can use mustard powder .
One of the old methods of fighting the worm is bait .In late spring, you need to prepare a few holes, laying in them last year's grass, flooded with water. Pit covered with plywood, and in a few days they will be full of pests. Grass needs to be burned and repeated again.
The same method can be used to control the beetle and its larvae in the autumn, using dung instead of weeds.
Preventive methods for the appearance of wireworm on plants
It is necessary to destroy weeds in a timely manner, follow the rules of crop rotation, dig up the soil in the beds twice a year. Potato plots are recommended to thin out with legumes .One individual can cause a whole colony of pests.
Remember that attention needs to be paid not only to potatoes, but also to other vegetable crops, in the struggle to use complex methods. This is the only way to protect your crop and completely destroy the click on the plot. Sometimes it takes several years.