The mistake of many gardeners is growing peas without tying them to a support. This significantly reduces the yield and complicates the care of plants. Trellis for a pea bed is not difficult to do with your own hands without significant financial expenses.
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- 250 cm. In order to fully develop and rise up to the light, the stems need to cling to the support. There are standard cultures that do not need support. But low-growing plants from tying only benefit.
When the peas outgrow 20-30 cm, the stems gradually begin to fall to the ground. The bushes adjacent to the ground begin to rot and become afflicted with diseases. Dampness and darkening are formed under the plants - the best conditions for snails and slugs.
A drowned green mass covers the pods. With a lack of light, beans ripen unevenly, they do not accumulate enough nutrients and sugar. Such peas lose their taste and sweetness.
It is difficult for gardeners to control the ripening of the pods. Overripe beans take most of the plant's nutrients. Bushes begin to dry even under favorable conditions for growth.
Lying plants are difficult to spray preventive solutions, covering all parts of the bushes. Culture is more often affected by bruchus, which is able to destroy the entire crop. Pest-damaged beans are toxic and should not be used for food or sowing.
The advantage of supports for small gardens is the verticality of the beds. This saves usable space. With a successful selection of support pea garden bed becomes an element of the decor of the site, covers the unsightly buildings or fences.Peas are tied to a trellis when the plant grows to 10-15 cm. To do this, it is sufficient to attach the tendril of the plant to the support, and as it grows, follow the subsequent anchoring of the stems.
How to make your own hands
There are many options for props for peas. To select the type of trellis, they are guided by the features of the site, the place of the bed and the desired decorative effect.
It is advisable to install the support before planting the legume, noting the place of sowing the beans. Installation work after germination can damage the roots and stems of the plant.
The easiest option for pea garter, where the stakes play into the ground play the role of pedestal. Reinforcing rods, wooden stakes, bamboo sticks, branches of fruit trees 1.5-2 m long are used for this. Stakes are buried in the ground at intervals of 50 cm between two beds.
A good support option when you need to save space and make decorative the empty space between the vegetable beds.
To begin with, the main pole is set to a height of 2 m. Circularly at a distance of 0.7 Peas are planted on both sides of the inclined poles.
The pallet can be made of reinforcement bars, wooden bars and tree branches. Instead of inclined poles, you can use tightly stretched wire, twine or twine.
For compliance with agricultural technology , peas are planted for one place only two years in a row .Therefore, gardeners have to constantly construct tapestries in a new place. This version of the trellis is mobile. It can be transferred, rotated from different angles and stored in the storage for a while.
For mounting the trellis you will need:
- three transverse timber along the length of the bed;
- two beams( 1 m) for side fixings;
- four beams( 1.6-2 m) for vertical posts;
- twine or cord;
- screws and screwdriver.
The screws fasten the basis of the structure: transverse and lateral bars. To him from the outside under a slope attached vertical racks, connected at the top. Above attach another transverse beam. Twine pull every 30 cm, passing through the upper transverse beam and tying on the basis of the design.
Support on the grid
Easy-to-install trellis version - designs with a chain-link made of metal or plastic. It can be purchased at the building or garden store. For tying peas choose a grid with a width of 1,6 - 2 and .
grid To fix a grid into the ground, two support posts are driven in. The end of the net is attached to the support pole with knitting wire or clamps. Then the roll is tensioned to the second pillar and secured in the same way. Peas are sown on both sides of the grid.
When a pea bed is planned along a fence or a structure, the grid is installed with a slope of 60 ° . It is only important to take into account the illumination of plants, the beds should not be planned along the fence along the southern side of the site.If possible, it is better to install trellis frontally to the prevailing winds. So the wind presses the plants to the supports, preventing damage to flowers, stems and fruits.
Bicycle rim from the bicycle rim
This is an original type of support, which will decorate the site and save valuable living space. For its installation, you will need two bicycle rims, a rebar 2.2 m long, wire and twine( cord).
- form a bed 20 cm wider than the rim;
- install reinforcing bar in its center;
- from the rims unscrew the spokes;
- one rim is threaded through the rod and laid on the ground;
- second rim is attached at the top of the rod with wire, passing it through the holes for the spokes;
- cord is cut into pieces 2 times the height of the rod;
- one end of the cord is threaded into the holes of the lower rim, the second is passed through the holes of the upper rim and tied at the bottom;
- cords thread up to 30 holes.
Peas are sown in a circle with the outer and inner sides of the structure.Some gardeners practice a combined planting of peas with plants with a strong vertical stem. Sunflower and corn with leaves removed on the lower part of the stem can create a natural support for peas.
The trellis for peas is best suited for planning annual plantings. So it is possible to achieve maximum decorativeness of the site and avoid unwanted proximity to other plants.