Types of heaters for home

Repeatedly discussed heaters on your VashTechnique portal, let's talk again, let's look at the classification in more detail - what types of heaters for home are found on the market today.

Oil Heaters

An accordion is the first thing that comes to mind when you see a typical oil heater. Sections have a pronounced ribbed structure. With the exception of two sidewalls, the same ones resemble segments of a central heating radiator. The principle is the same. Inside the oil splashes, coming through the upper tube, the filler flows down, informing the heat of the section, then flows back to the heating elements through the lower tube.

To implement a simple algorithm, it took to create a lot of fresh technical solutions. A typical oil heater consists of:

  1. Sectional housing.
  2. One or two heating elements.
  3. Stands with wheels.
  4. Multiple controls.
  5. A pair of valves to ensure proper oil flow.
  6. Cord with plug.
  7. Thermostat.

The control panel often has three keys. Two for switching on each heating element separately, one serving as a thermostat wheel, smoothly adjusting the temperature. It turns out three global temperature regimes. Two heaters, but the spirals are unequal in power. The design will allow you to enable separately or run together.

Within each global oil heater mode, it is allowed to expose a fine adjustment by a thermostat. Screwing the disk in both directions, the owner slightly reduces or increases the working value. When the temperature is exceeded, the heating elements are switched off. As soon as the temperature drops, the oil heater will once again work to its fullest.

The bypass valve does not allow the oil to break the sealed body, and it happens. If oil leaks out, it is relatively problematic to replace. To do this, find out the pressure, control the level and take into account that not all brands are combined.

It remains to add that the length of the heaters is different, it is not always necessary to buy a full model for 9 sections. Short oil heaters are cheaper, heat less, but sometimes more is not required.


  • Great mechanical strength.
  • Sustainability.
  • Air heating by convection.
  • Low cost.

To take advantage of the design, take the time to properly operate the device. Do not clamp the product in the corner. On the contrary, try to put an oil heater in the center. Convective flows are formed around, transferring masses of air, mixing. Oil heater is difficult to heat a large room. For this is not intended. The mission is to give warmth to small rooms up to 20 square meters.

Important! Imagine what came from the cold. Hug the oil friend and get warm. With a convector or infrared, this number will not work.

Much more advanced models with a chimney effect. The case is designed in a special way. In appearance, the oil heater with a chimney effect resembles a convector. The similarity is not only external. Air circulation is enhanced in the device. Special vertical channels create little thrust, forcing the flow to move faster. Therefore, the efficiency of these oil heaters increases.


The story about heaters for the house is incomplete, do not mention convectors. The name comes from the term that came from physics, denoting the phenomenon of the movement of air masses due to the temperature difference. Convection distinguish between natural and forced. In the latter case, we already see wind blowers.

Convector consists of parts:

  1. Radiator.
  2. Tubular Heater.
  3. TENY.
  4. Control Panel.
  5. Power cord.

The fundamental difference from the oil heater is not in the coolant, as it seems. The dominant role is given to radiator convectors. Details are strongly cut, they gain due to this a large area of ​​contact with the surrounding air. The specific structure of the housing makes the devices similar in appearance to oil heaters equipped with the option of a fireplace effect. Convectors can be hung on the wall as central heating radiators.

The heating circuit has been described for a long time in school physics textbooks, which describes how batteries work. An upward flow is formed at the window, going along the ceiling to the opposite side of the room. The cooled air rushes again along the floor to the heater. Convectors from electricity work, there are also gas models. To use the latter, it is supposed to pierce a wide hole in the wall so that the coaxial pipeline passes.

Worth explaining. One pipe is embedded in another coaxially. The first enters the heater with gas, the second removes the combustion products. After going through the types of electric heaters, let's stop on gas, if:

  • there is not enough furniture in the room;
  • a change house is used for work, there is no place to put oil heaters, which are entangled underfoot;
  • want to keep the aesthetic look of the room.

It is worth noting that they sell models that are built under the floor. Special niches are made along the walls, covered with gratings, where convectors are placed. In this case, the challenge is to organize the proper circulation of air masses.

Infrared Heaters

Today's pets, models are gaining great popularity for a trivial reason - very mobile. The weight of the infrared heater can not reach even a kilogram. It is worth noting that there are many varieties, not all are light. Types of infrared heaters:

  1. Quartz.
  2. Halogen.
  3. Carbon.
  4. Micatermic.
  5. Gas.

As for the sizes of the first three groups, dimensions and weight are small, the principle is similar. Heat is emitted from a quartz glass tube filled with a special gas. A spiral of nichrome or carbon is a source of energy that converts electricity.

The lamp weighs a little, except for it there is a small reflector that directs radiant energy to its destination. Infrared heater does not heat the air, only objects.

As for mikatermicheskih devices, due to the growing popularity of those, anyone saw in the store. It is not possible to distinguish the device from oil or convectors at first sight. Rescued mesh case, such deprived of other types of heaters.

Basics are plates covered with mica( mic), which gave the name to the devices. Heated to a high temperature( up to 200 degrees Celsius) sheet elements emit heat. Mica is needed so that metal does not burn dust from the air.

Gas infrared heaters look different. There are compact models, most weighs a pound. Despite this fact, the devices are popular. Mobile for small restaurants and country cottages, the devices are endowed with incredible power, surpassing other types of heaters.

The principle is that the gas jet, while burning, heats the ceramic grids from the outside or the steel pipe from the inside. The first type of devices is called bright infrared gas heaters, the second - dark. The latter, like most class devices, are allowed to hang on the ceiling. True, they are mainly used in industry.

Electrofireplaces The class refers conditionally to infrared heaters, operates on 230V mains. Certain categories prefer to use gas for heating. A distinctive feature is the stylization of a fireplace. Meet the false electrofireplaces imitating live fire, not warming.

Blowers Spirals made of nichrome on air heat up red hot. Naturally, oxygen will begin to burn out under such conditions. If you place behind a good-quality turbine, the air, passing through the spiral, increases the temperature shock. Blowers are based on the described principle. The builders call the apparatus heat guns, the workers of the airfields - the fans.

Several spirals, often two. It is permissible to switch on individually or together, adjusting the power of the heater. The disadvantage of the scheme is the lack of prerequisites for self-regulation. It will work endlessly. The model will warm in a spacious garage, on a icy street, the efficiency of household blowers is zero. Use gas or high power.

With regard to industrial applications, these devices are located on construction sites. Difference from home power equipment, selected design features that allow the product to operate in conditions of high humidity and dust.

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