Garden tasks include plowing, hilling, planting, weeding and harvesting potatoes with a walk-behind tractor, a multi-functional and indispensable machine in the household.
How to plant a potato with a walker
There are several ways to plant a walker with a walker:
- using an excavator with adjusting the gap between the wings;
- using hinged potato planter.
Method number 1.
Planting of potatoes with a walk-behind tractor with hiller is carried out as follows: ground lashing wheels and hiller are mounted on the machine. After which the furrows are cut. The smoother they are, the easier it will be to care for the potatoes in the future. The root crop is manually laid in these deepenings. After the completion of the stage, the lug wheels change to rubber, which will correspond to the width of the track. Thanks to the rubber wheels, the device does not damage the potato, but falls asleep with soil and tampers it. Thus, the root crop is being planted.
Method number 2.
When large areas are allocated for potatoes, it is advisable to plant a walk-behind tractor with a canopy. The first step is to prepare the soil:
- plowing the garden;
- harrowing so that the seedlings can get the necessary moisture and oxygen;
- soil moistening( if possible).
Read also: Tomato varieties for open ground
Next, pre-cut ridges. The potato planter has grooves, a device for feeding the tubers into prepared pits and a disc hillock for filling potatoes. Thanks to this “universality”, it is possible to carry out several operations at the same time — cut the grooves, stack the tubers and fill them up. At the beginning of work, grouser wheels are put on the unit, and a potato planter is put on the walker tractor. Adjustable parameters for further work.
To obtain a high ridge, the disks of the device approach each other, increasing the depth of the furrow. And to reduce - the reverse procedure is performed, the disks are moved apart, at the same time reducing the angle of attack.
The potato is placed in a special compartment, and while the motoblock is moving, it is fed into the prepared furrows. The frequency can be controlled manually, or completely trust the technique. After planting, the furrows close and the soil is compacted. From above you can add organic fertilizer and moisten the soil.
Treating the garden with a motor block
Proper processing of the garden with a motor block is done with the help of special mounted or trailed devices. After this action, the soil is enriched with oxygen, all weeds are removed, and the tubers grow freely and faster. This task is by force to each summer resident and is carried out without much difficulty. The main thing is to adjust the attachments before plowing, to adjust the plow grip( rotating the handle on the universal hitch).If done correctly, the retention and direction of the motoblock on the furrows will be easy.
The plowing depth should be between 19-20cm, after this procedure, the need for harrowing the soil is no longer necessary!
The fixture for the tiller has a special plow that makes uniform furrows to a certain depth. After that, manually or with the help of potato planters, the potatoes are laid out in furrows and hillers close the tubers with earth.
Read also: How to store vegetables and fruits for a long time
Processing of potatoes after germination
After 2-3 weeks, when all the seedlings have already appeared, the next process begins, which can also be performed using the motor-block. The entire planting area is divided into furrows, the soil is loosened and paths are formed for convenient movement between rows. Hilling has a beneficial effect on the germination of stems, removes weeds, retains moisture in the soil, and forms an excellent protection for young plants from the first frost.
This process is provided by a special nozzle on a walk-behind tractor - one, two- or three-row hiller. During the hilling process, fertilizer should be applied to the soil with an additional attachment that is installed on the potato planter.
Inter-row processing of
During the flowering period, potatoes need special loosening of the soil between the rows, which will allow the root crop to grow faster, ensuring a good harvest. The first time is the weeding of potatoes with a walking tractor on the eighth day after planting, at this time a dense crust appears on the ground, which complicates the growth of the stems.
And further - every 7 days, until the aisles become inaccessible. Weeding can be done both manually and mechanically. The main thing is to remove the weeds in time, so that they do not complicate the growth of seedlings and do not adversely affect the development of the root.
Read also: Parsley on the windowsill: how to plant and grow
Weeding with the help of the
net harrow Such a device is put on a walk-behind tractor. Mesh cells have a side of about 20 cm, located at an angle of 45 degrees. The harrow is effective due to the fact that it covers a large area at once, but it cannot be “cleanly” handled between the rows. The best way to eliminate weeds is to pull them out with their roots. Then the potatoes will be cleaner, and less often have to perform weeding. Well, that's all, the main tasks of the gardener are completed. It remains to wait for the right time and you can harvest! And in this case the motoblock will become a great helper!
Homemade potato digger for the
motoblock For harvesting potatoes, the national craftsmen make a special device - a potato digger for the motoblock. The equipment consists of a welded frame, a plowshare, a drafting unit, a drum cleaner. To collect the device, you will need some skills and the study of detailed drawings, in a large number presented on the Internet. The result - a quick harvest of potatoes without damaging the tubers and labor-intensive.
For better mastering of information, we offer video hilling of potatoes with the Neva motoblock.
Motoblock Neva planting potatoes - video