Content of the article:
garden styles in the varieties of the species of the North-West Asia and Asia. Silverweed( Potentilla) play a significant role. This is not surprising, because according to the latest research, more than 320 independent varieties can be carried by this name, among which are single- and biennial crops, perennials, undersized, creeping or creeping specimens, as well as shrubs.
Differing in size and shape, the plants still have a lot in common. For example, most of them are inhabitants of the Northern Hemisphere. Potentilla can be found in Norway and the northern Caucasus, their range is wiped from Western Europe to the Far East. Only in Russia there are about a hundred species.
Another common feature is the split form of foliage, due to which the plant got its name, and a similar structure of flowers, reminiscent of long-distance relationship with dogrose, strawberries, gravity and plum, as well as members of the Pink family.
Despite the inconspicuous nature of many representatives of this genus, a person has long noticed and appreciated the plant.
Wild-growing varieties of antiquity are used in traditional medicine. Rich in bactericidal, astringent, hemostatic agents, rhizomes and Potentilla grass are used in modern medicine, as well as in the production of alcoholic beverages, canned foods and in the manufacture of natural dyes.
Today, perennial species, for example, cinquefoil shrub, varieties and hybrids resulting from breeding are popular with home gardeners.
Potentilla plants with decorative foliage and flowers of yellow, white, pink and red hues are valued for their simplicity, versatility and variety.
Potentilla goose( P. anserina)
A bright representative of the genus is cinquefoil goose. It is a ground cover plant that is easy to find along fences, on roadsides of country roads, in meadows and near water bodies. Thanks to the ability to multiply with a mustache in the people, the culture received the nickname "caterpillar".Because of the unpretentiousness it is worth it to get into more or less favorable conditions, after a few years its recognizable pinnate leaves and bright yellow flowers appear all over the site.
Elegant plant is widespread in Russia and even used as an ornamental culture. It is of particular value that the silverweed with yellow flowers and bright green foliage acquires where other species do not survive due to high air pollution.
Potentilla erect( P. erecta)
From the western borders of Russia to the Altai, from the tundra in the north to the Caucasus in the south, you can find another common species. This plant, like the silverweed goose, is a grassy perennial, but differs in the size of the aerial parts, the appearance of flowers and leaves.
Potentilla erect is easily recognized by slender, branching stems on which trifoliate or five-fingered leaves with jagged edges are sitting. From May plants bloom. But unlike their relatives, the whisk with a diameter of 15 to 25 mm consists not of five, but of four golden petals. Flowering lasts until September. At the same time, fruits are ripening, which are carried around the district with the wind, rain and with the help of animals.
In addition, the culture is an excellent melliferous plant and a source of natural spicy raw materials, thanks to which the popular name for the upright Potentilka appeared - kalgan grass or wild kalgan.
Plants in height from 15 to 50 cm are very unpretentious. They tolerate trampling, they feel great in direct sunlight and, thanks to a thick lignified rhizome, they winter without loss.
Silvergrass( P. argentea)
Another herbaceous perennial - Silverweed. In appearance, it strongly resembles the previous plant, but slightly lower, and its yellow flowers have the traditional toe of the petals. The name of the culture was due to a whitish or almost gray-haired felt covering on the stems, leaves and petioles.
Small flowers, up to 10 mm in diameter, form loose inflorescences that appear at the beginning of summer. Flowering lasts from 30 to 50 days. At the same time, the collection of medicinal raw materials with antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, firming, hemostatic properties is carried out.
Potentilla white( P. alba)
The flowers of the species described above are yellow. It is predominant, but there are varieties with different shades of corolla. An example of this is that the silverweed is white - another European species, growing from the center of Europe to the Balkans in the south and the Urals in the east.
A small perennial herbaceous plant up to 25 cm high interested flower growers at the end of the 18th century. The reason is not only long-term flowering that continues from the end of spring until August, unpretentiousness and frost resistance, but also high decorative effect. White flowers with five petals, a yellow core and long stamens look incredibly impressive against the background of dark green palmate leaves. Among the wild-growing fellows, this kind of Potentilla can be called large-flowered. Corollas in diameter reach 30 mm and look even more expressive in loose inflorescences of five flowers.
Potentilla Nepalese( P. nepalensis)
The era of geographical discoveries brought to humanity not only familiarity with new lands, but also with previously unknown representatives of the green world. Potentilla Nepalese, growing in nature in the western part of the Himalayas, interested botanists and gardeners:
- unusually large palmate leaves;
- in pink or chimney-red flowers collected in sparse inflorescences with a diameter of up to 30 mm;
- shoots, as well as corollas having anthocyanin coloration;
- bloom lasts up to 55 days.
Since 1820, the plant has been grown as an ornamental crop. On the basis of the wild-growing species, scientists have received large-color varieties, as unpretentious and willingly flowering, as their ancestors from Asia.
An example is Miss Wilmott's silverweed with spectacular pink flowers, a distinguished dark eye of a cherry shade and a network of veins diverging from the center of each petal.
Potentilla Indian( P. indica)
Learning more and more about the plant world, scientists sometimes make discoveries where it would seem that everything has been known for a long time. Not so long ago, familiar to many owners of personal plots and flower growers of Ducheney or Indian strawberry was counted among the family of Potentilla.
The plant has received the name of Indian cinquefoil or Potentilla indica, and it can be distinguished from real strawberries by the characteristic for the genus yellow, not white flowers, as well as by inedible fruits.
In the Russian gardens, the Indian Lapchatka, which does not require special care, is grown as a decorative ground cover culture that adorns the site from early spring to frost.
Potentilla Turber( P. thurberi)
Herbaceous perennial Potentilla Turber and a hybrid variety derived from it with petals of a shade of red wine and a darker eye in the center of the corolla have unique, purple flowers. Potentilla Monarch Velvet( P. Monarch’s Velvet) is sun-loving, it has a long flowering and high winter hardiness. Already in June, spectacular flowers with a diameter of up to 30 mm appear on the plant. Vegetation ends only with the arrival of cold.
The plant will find a place in a common flowerbed, it looks great in single plantings and will not let you down if you plant it in a hanging flower-pot.
Potentilla dark and blood red( P. atrosanguinea or argyrophylla)
From Nepal, the silverweed got dark European and blood red. Tall herbaceous perennial, forming erect pubescent stems, can grow up to 60 cm. At the same time, the plant readily branches and from June begins to bloom abundantly.
Flowers with a diameter of up to 50 mm are clearly visible due to the bright orange-red petals, often with a pronounced eye and a vein diverging from the center. Flowering lasts almost two months, but even then the purpleweed does not lose its attractiveness. Until the very frost, the plant is decorated with trifoliate, resembling strawberry leaves with a light green outer and silver-felt inner side.
This species gave flower growers interesting varieties with simple, even double flowers. One of the most popular among them is recognized by the silverweed Gibson Scarlet( P. Gibson Scarlet) with carmine or raspberry-red corolla, pleasing the eye during the first half of summer.
Potentilla Shrub( P. Fruticosa)
Pestle has become a real find for breeders, or, as the plant is popularly known, five-leafed, Kalmyk or Kuril tea. Unlike grassy relatives, this species:
- forms a dense, often spherical crown and reaches a height of 60–120 cm;
- affects a variety of colors;
- non-stop blooming for 3-4 months;
- has small, five-fingered leaves;
- does not lose the aboveground part during the winter period.
Thanks to the enthusiasts of the culture today there are several dozen spectacular varieties with white, yellow, pink, salmon, orange and red flowers at the disposal of flower growers.
One of them is the P. fruticosa Goldfinger depicted in the photo. The fast-growing culture forms a bush 80 cm high with a spherical crown of guta, smooth dark green leaves and 5 cm flowers of rich yellow color. Magnificent, not stopping flowering lasts all summer, until frost in mid-autumn.
Another variety worth noting is the Red Ice shrub( P. fruticosa Red Ace).The variety bred in the UK has a compact, wide-rounded crown up to 60 cm in diameter and about 100 cm in diameter.
Not afraid of polluted city air, frost and easily tolerating a hairstyle, culture prefers sun or partial shade, responds well to watering and blooms profusely throughout the warm season.
Orange or salmon flowers of this variety look great against the background of smooth, fairly light foliage.
Lovers of red flowers, perfectly enlivening the backyard plot, will appreciate the Potentilla Marion Red Robin( P. fruticosa Marion Red Robin).Shrub form stands small. A dense crown, not exceeding 50 cm in height, can grow up to 80 cm wide. Brownish shoots are densely covered with small light green foliage, against which large flowers of rich scarlet look twice as advantageous. The variety is characterized by versatility and can be used both in single and in group plantings.
Shrub Deed perfectly shows itself on low curbs, on slopes and in large flowerpots. To maintain the shape of the plant can be cut, while flowering is quickly and completely restored.
The most common variety with white flowers is the Abbotswood potentilla( P. fruticosa Abbotswood).Compared with the above varieties, this plant can not be called compact. An adult bush reaches a height of about 100 cm and a diameter of 130–150 cm. It resembles a dense cushion crown from the beginning of spring and is covered with small light green foliage, and already in June large spectacular flowers of pure white tone with a yellow core and stamens raised above the corona appear.
Flowering lasts until September, and when planting in the sun, the plant feels much better than in partial shade, it blooms longer and more abundantly. In the spring, the shrub is recommended to be clipped.
Using Potentilla in Garden Design
Both grass and shrub forms of plants are desirable in any flowerbed. Due to moderate demands, rapid growth and hunting flowering, silverweed can be successfully grown in any climatic zone of Russia, the main thing is to choose the right varieties and learn about some general cultural preferences.
Suitable for Potentilla:
- well-drained, moderately moist soil;
- plot in the sun or in light shade, where the plant is not at risk of flooding and decay;
- flowerbed, curb or bedding in the city, because the plant is not afraid of smoke and high concentrations of dust and exhaust gases in the air.
All species of silverweed are rarely affected by pests, they hibernate well, especially with dry preventive shelter of the root system.
The absence of smell and long-term flowering allow you to plant shrubs and grassy species near children's, educational and medical institutions, in crowded public gardens and in the courtyards of residential houses. A variety of varieties, especially the appearance of semi-and terry varieties ensures the uniqueness of landscape design and the pride of the site owner.