Many gardeners, choosing varieties of tomatoes for planting on the site, replenish the range of tomatoes with cream. Such popularity is due to the characteristics of the vegetable, excellent taste and a large number of colors, which creates real fireworks of colors on the beds and the table.
- transplant. Weeding, loosening
- dressing Feeding and leaf removal
Description and characteristics of tomatoes -
cream The goal of breeding a variety of tomatoes was to obtain a vegetable with fleshy pulp that would be ideally suited for pickling and sauces. The result exceeded expectations, the resulting tomatoes have high yields, are distinguished by delicate taste and long shelf life.
Varietal variety allows you to choose seeds for planting small( up to 60 g) and large fruits( up to 300 g) that have different colors. Cream is well transported due to the dense skin.
The name of the cream the plant received because of the characteristic elongated shape of fruits with a plum-shaped body. This species includes dozens of different varieties, the bushes of which can be of compact sizes and in the form of lianas. Many hybrids are suitable for cultivation, both in open ground and in greenhouse conditions. The cream is even suitable for cultivation on a window sill or balcony. The fecundity of the culture is high, with 1 m2 gathering an average of 7-10 kg of tomatoes.
Advantages and disadvantages of the
type Tomato cream is popular among gardeners due to the following advantages:
- is an easy agricultural technique( no garter and pruning required);
- early aging;
- friendly emergence of shoots and simultaneous ripening of fruits;
- good immunity( resistance to late blight, fusarium, root rot, etc.);
- universal yield.
Tomatoes have no obvious shortcomings, unless timely care is required.
The most popular varieties of tomatoes
Those who plan to grow cream on their plot for the first time are advised to familiarize themselves with the description of the popular, besides the already well-known Moscow and honey, varieties of cream.
A plant with an average aging period, has a high yield( over 10 kg per 1 m2).Shrubs are compact in size, up to 1.2 m. Variety is resistant to late blight, root rot, withstands adverse weather conditions, a sharp temperature drop. Fruits are orange in color, weight reaches 50-60 grams. A feature is the high content of carotene in the fruit.
Chio Chio San
The plant is more suitable for growing in greenhouses. Mid-season culture is characterized by good immunity, which is manifested in resistance to fungal infections. The bush is formed in large sizes with branching. On each, an average of 50 pink-colored fruits is tied.
Tomatoes are high-yielding, resistant to diseases and pests, unpretentious in their care. This is a real dream for gardeners, the fruits literally cling to the bushes, creating a beautiful red-green landscape. Each bush consists of 4-6 branches, the height of the tops does not exceed 1.5 m. The weight of one medium-sized fruit reaches 70-80 grams. Planting begin early, cold-resistant plants. You can create additional protection using film or agrofibre.
A variety of medium early ripening, distinguished by large fruits( up to 300 gr.) And beautiful crimson-red color. The growing place can be an open bed and greenhouse. The height of the bush, forming 2-3 stems, reaches 1.8 m. 7-11 kg of fruits are removed from a square meter of a bed. The taste is filled with a sweetish note, the flesh is fleshy and juicy.
A plant with a late fruit ripening, forms high branching bushes. The peculiarity of culture - the need for regular pasynkovanya. Tomatoes have a flat oval shape, colors can be different( pink, black, red, orange, yellow).The weight of an average instance is 60-70 grams.
Soil requirements for planting
Soil for growing cream must be neutral or weakly acid. In identifying the increased acidity of the soil, which is carried out with the help of litmus paper, dolomite flour( wood ash, crushed lime) is introduced on the bed.
For a good harvest, you need to fertilize the soil with organic matter. It is better to do this in the fall, scattering on 1 m2 to 10 kg( rotted mullein, compost). It will also be appropriate to use phosphorus-potassium fertilizers( 20 grams per 1 m2). In spring, the soil should be enriched with nitrogenous substances that stimulate the growth of young shoots.
sowing rules Seeding is planned in late February - March. Dates are determined based on the variety and time of cultivation of seedlings( 45-65 days).
Planting starts with seed heating( 2 days at + 30 °, another 3 days at + 50 °) and soaking them for 30 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Universal soil or special for tomatoes should be disinfected by heating in the oven. Additionally, you can spray the soil with EM-Baikal.
Pots or wooden boxes with a height of at least 10 cm are used as containers. Peat tablets can also be used. Depth of immersion of seeds in a wet substrate is 3-4 mm. The surface of the container is covered with a film.
Conditions for growing seedlings:
- until germination the temperature is set at 25 °;
- after 5-7 days remove the film and put the container in a well-lit place;
- temperature regime drops to 8-10 ° at night, 10-15 ° during the day;
- a week later the temperature rises to 20-25 ° during the day, 14-16 ° at night.
It is necessary to provide airing of the room with seedlings, but at the same time there should be no drafts.
Transplantation of tomatoes in the open ground.
Planted seedlings for the period when the night temperature is set to a positive rate( end May - June).The layout of the holes: 3-5 plants per 1 m2.The seedling by the time was strong, consists of a powerful stalk and 7-8 leaves. It is important that the root system be as strong.
Seedlings are planted in flooded wells at right angles with soil compaction over the root. A quarter or even a third of the stem sinks into the ground. If the region is characterized by winds and heavy rainfall, it is possible to install a small wooden peg on each plant, which will serve as a support.
Cream care after transplanting
The general rules for cream care are not much different from the farming of tomatoes in general.
For normal vegetation, a bed with tomatoes is regularly weed. Weed control is necessary to prevent thickening of the landing, which provokes the development of fungal diseases, as well as attracts pests. Loosening contributes to better development of the root system, saturating the soil with oxygen, preventing stagnant moisture. Both procedures are usually combined. In the course of the development of bushes you need to spud them to ensure good stability.
The bed with seedlings is watered 2-3 times a week( 6-7 liters per 1 m2).In dry weather, the rate of water increases to 10 liters per 1 m2.Humidification is carried out in the morning or after 20-00 in the evening.
Ideally used for culture drip irrigation system. Sprinkling adversely affects the development of tomatoes, provokes the dropping of inflorescences. Under normal irrigation, using a hose, use root watering at a slight head.
During the growing season, the plants are fed at least 2 times. The first procedure is carried out 20 days after transplanting, the second - after another 20 days, when the time comes for intensive fruit formation. As a nutrient mixture, a combination of such components is used:
- nitrogen fertilizers( 25 gr.);
- phosphorous substances( 40 g.);
- potash substances( 15 g.);
- bucket of water.
Mineral supplements are embedded in the soil in a dry form right in the aisle.
Pastage and Leaf Removal
As the shrub is formed, the stepsons must be removed once a week. From the second half of August should pinch the tops. Do not forget about the lower leaves, which take away the power of the plant. They also need to break off.
Many gardeners make mistakes when cultivating tomatoes. Among the most common:
- dense planting of seedlings;
- use of the same place for gardening annually;
- introduction of a large amount of fertilizer into the soil, as a result of which the plant spends all its forces on the growth of the tops, and not the setting of fruits;
- violation of irrigation regime( for tomatoes there is a danger of both drought and abundance of moisture).
Diseases and their prevention
The greatest danger to tomatoes of cream is cladosporia and brown spot. Treatment consists of treating the beds with fungicides. However, it is preferable to dispense with preventive measures that provide for the proper selection of the site, providing good ventilation and illumination.
The seed must be disinfected so that the spores do not hit the young shoots. Crop rotation is also considered a safety measure.
Harvesting and storage rules
Fruit ripening occurs 110-150 days after sprouts appear above the ground surface. Three weeks before harvest, the buds and flowering shoots must be cut from the bush to allow the tomatoes to ripen. Depending on the destination, tomatoes are cut: for preservation and long-term storage, brown specimens should be preferred, for the preparation of salads, sauces - ripe vegetables of saturated color.
The harvest should be finished before the night temperature is set to 8 ° С. Picked fruits retain their qualities in a cool place, for example, in a cellar. If ripening is required, you can spread brown tomatoes directly on the windowsill. Also dairy vegetables can ripen in a cardboard box, which holds several ripe tomatoes. They will speed up the process of ripening through the release of ethylene.
Plastic or cardboard paper boxes are used for storing crops. In one container is not recommended to fill up more buckets of vegetables. When laying the fruit spouts are located down.
Cream tomatoes are ideal for winter harvesting. They perfectly retain their shape after heat treatment, give the preservation of the unique taste of summer. In fresh form, the product has no less useful qualities that are appreciated by the hostess and professional chefs. Does not spoil the taste and structure, even freezing sliced cream.