Content of the article:
Among the many types of berries that nature has given people, cranberries are one of the most beneficial. But despite this, not everyone knows where the cranberry grows, and what vitamins it harbors. This is an amazing wild berry, which is used not only as food, but also for the treatment of many diseases. Knowing the information about the plant, you can significantly improve your health and have an attractive appearance.
Berry, giving people the beauty and health
Cranberries are wild berries. She prefers to grow only on moist soil, which did not carry out excavation work. This plant is very sensitive to the environment, so the main places where cranberries grow in Russia are the marshes and the foothills of the mountains.
The main plant species:
Only the first and second species grows on the territory of the Russian Federation. Common cranberries are found throughout the country. The exception is the Volga region, Kuban, the Caucasus.
Shallow Water can be observed in the Tundra and northern marshes.
As for large-fruited, its homeland is the land near the Appalachian Mountains.
The berries contain about 15% ascorbic acid.
Berry is popular not only with its set of vitamins, but also calorie. In fact, fresh cranberries are part of the diet with diet. As for the dried, then you need to be extremely careful with it, since in 100 grams there is about 300 Kcal.
Vitamins that are available in cranberries:
- various acids and others.
The main vitamin, the largest percentage of which is in the cranberries, is ascorbic acid. By its amount, even citrus fruit bypassed. Also, the beak is rich in vitamin E and B. According to studies, a large amount of phosphorus and calcium was found in the pulp, which are indispensable for the proper development of the body.
What diseases does cranberry treat?
Varieties that prefer to grow in swamps are renowned for their mineral composition. They present almost the entire set of the periodic table.
Fresh juice helps strengthen the immune system.
Frequent consumption of cranberry berries contributes to:
- Improve appetite. Fresh fruit helps to increase the production of gastric juice and start the work of the digestive system. Often marsh cranberries prescribed for pathologies of the pancreas.
- Restoration of the urogenital system. It has a diuretic effect, and also helps to get rid of pathogenic bacteria.
- Slowing down the inflammatory process. It has also been proven that fresh berry juice helps prevent the development of malignant tumors. This action is especially aimed at the intestinal area, prostate and young glands.
- Restore Cholesterol Levels. Berries have a positive effect on blood vessels. They improve the cardiovascular system, as well as help get rid of headaches. The frequent use of cranberries is a good prevention of atherosclerosis and stroke.
- Removal of malicious flora. Berries have anthelmintic properties.
will also help in the fight against pests of plums. Also, fresh cranberries of the way to refresh and invigorate. She has good antipyretic abilities. Because of this, the doctors often prescribe the fruits for respiratory diseases and flu.
Feature ofmarsh cranberries
This species grows in the form of bushes. Their uniqueness is that the plants remain green throughout the year. They do not change their color even with the onset of winter.
Cranberry bushes marsh have a small height. The stem is thin, resembling a thread. In young plants, the twigs are richly covered with small villi. Often the shoots cover the ground, but sometimes they can be raised slightly upwards.
Deciduous plates small. They are mounted on the same small petioles of a green shade. Their shape resembles an egg with a slightly pointed tip and curved edges. The upper part of the leaves is glossy, rich green color, and the bottom - grayish.
Flowers in this bush are small. Often, the buds in the open form have a purple tint, but there are also white. Flowers drooping.
In their place there are berries that have a spherical shape. Their diameter reaches from 1 to 1.5 cm. Green fruits are white, but after a while they become saturated-red.
In order for the berries to be as healthy and tasty as possible, one should know not only when to pick the cranberries, but also how to store them.
The first flowering of this wonderful plant can be observed from spring to early summer. But despite such an early hour, the fruits are formed from early September to November. It is at this time that the main harvest takes place.
As for frosts, they are not fearless to the fruits of the plant. Even with large frosts, the berries retain their good and appearance. So when the cranberries wintered under the snow, it is often called the snow.
"Hunting" for berries is carried out for a long time. Those who collect fruits every year know all the nuances and peculiarities of this process. Of course, it will be more difficult for beginners, since you need to be vigilant and not fall into the “trap” of marsh slush.
Garden Cranberries: Cultivation and Benefits of
There are several varieties of this plant species. They are all different. Most of them grow only on highly acidic lands. Among the many species there are those that can be grown on your site.
Many people do not know what a cranberry looks like and how to properly care for it. This plant has the form of a bush. The maximum height that it can reach is within 80 cm. The stems of such a cranberry can be raised, erect and creeping. Shoots that are located on the surface of the earth, grow up to 1 meter in length, and upright to 15 cm.
The garden cranberry grows, as does the wild. Its root system is underdeveloped, superficial. This allows the plant to better absorb the beneficial components from the soil. Flowers pinkish swelling. They form racemes. Buds appear in May. Flowering can last until the end of June. Fruits are bright red in color. They all have juicy and incredibly healthy flesh.
Ripe berries of the cranberry garden slightly differ in size. If the plant is properly maintained, the fruit can grow up to 2 cm in diameter. They have a sour aftertaste, in the middle of which is from 6 to 30 grains. Seeds are small.
Garden berries are rich in:
- fructose and glucose;
- vitamin C;
- citric acid;
- is a rare vitamin P;
- tanning components;
Because the berries have a sour taste, they are often called "northern lemons".Due to the fact that the composition contains many organic acids, they are not amenable to the development of fungi and bacteria that can spoil the structure of the fruit.
Cranberry picking takes place from September to October. Due to the fact that the berries contain a significant amount of benzoic acid, they feel great in cold weather and under a large ball of snow. Such bushes grow up to 60 years. Sometimes this indicator may even increase. The first harvest of garden cranberries can be observed in the third or fourth year after planting.
Therefore, the rooting of the seedling depends on how well the plot is prepared.
Propagate the plant can:
Seeds. This breeding method is used extremely rarely. Often it is used for breeding experiments. This is due to the fact that plants that are obtained in this way have virtually no signs of their parents.
Cuttings. It is necessary to separate parts of shoots only when their active growth occurs. The optimal length of the cutting should be at least 10 centimeters. They are planted in tanks with peat mixture or immediately to the main place.
They should be dredged to a depth of about two centimeters. After planting, soil around each seedling to compact and moisten. To plant quickly began, you must carefully monitor the condition of the soil. The earth should be constantly wet. If the landing is done correctly, then in a few years the bushes will delight with their first incredibly useful berries.
Anyone who wants to enrich their bodies with a set of beneficial microelements, cranberries are the best option. Knowledge, where it can be collected in Russia, will allow to stock up on these amazing berries for the whole winter.