Recently Banana has not heard anything about the variety of tomatoes. But a newcomer to the market gardening industry quickly gained popularity due to the fact that it was zoned specifically for the middle zone. These tomatoes give excellent yields, excellent fruit in greenhouses and in the open field. To date, there are several varieties of banana tomatoes, which differ mainly in the color of the fruit. The description and characteristics of this variety are given below.
Table of Contentsand characteristic of the tomato variety Banana
Unpretentious and easily cultivated tomato variety Banana is found in three varieties:
Oddly enough, is the most common red banana .It belongs to the early varieties and can give a harvest after 95 days after germination. The bushes are not very tall, but under certain conditions their height can exceed 1 meter. Up to 10 fruits of rather large size are formed on each hand.
A distinctive characteristic of a variety is that it tolerates short-term drought and heat well. A sharp drop in temperature is also not a big deal for Banana. Gardeners noted that these tomatoes have increased resistance to late blight, which is another positive quality.
Fruits are oblong, dense, fleshy. Ideal for both fresh consumption and canning. The weight of one fruit can vary from 50 to 100 grams .It tolerates transportation, has excellent keeping quality. The color of both red and pink and yellow Bananas is uniform, very beautiful. Due to this, tomatoes have a good presentation and are suitable for trade.
Advantages and Disadvantages of
With a careful study of the characteristics and reviews, it becomes obvious that Banana Tomato has much more advantages than disadvantages. First of all it should include:
- excellent seed germination ;
- good tolerability transplantation ;
- does not need tying ;
- amicably blooms ;
- fruits of almost the same size and shape ;
- Resistance of to major diseases and weather conditions.
But there are some drawbacks. They are associated primarily with taste. As practicing gardeners note, the variety of banana tomatoes is somewhat dry, due to which the fruit taste is fresh and not pronounced. But in conservation, he deserves a lot of praise.
Soil requirements for planting
Tomato Banana prefers loose and nutritious soil for good growth. For seedlings, you can purchase ready-made soil mixture for tomatoes. But the ground cooked on its own must also be decontaminated so that all causative agents of fungal diseases die. For this purpose, the prepared primer is calcined in a preheated oven for 15 minutes.
Tomato seeds are sown in peat pots or other containers suitable for this purpose. It is necessary to sow a couple of months before the seedlings are planned to be transplanted to a permanent place of growth.
In the prepared soil they make a depression for a couple of centimeters, not more. If it is deeper, the seeds will sprout for a very long time. After that, sowing is performed and the container is covered with polyethylene or glass. This will create a greenhouse climate.
After sowing, tomatoes need to provide long-lasting bright lighting. The room temperature should be maintained at + 20-25 degrees. Watering is carried out as the soil dries.
Transplantation of tomatoes in open ground
Tomatoes are planted in open ground after the threat of night frost has passed and the night temperature is fixed at a positive thermometer. Transplant plants so that the 4 bush can be placed on an 1 square meter.
. Before planting seedlings on a garden bed, it should be hardened. For this purpose, the boxes are carried out to the open air every day for a couple of weeks. The first time in the open air they are left for an hour, and then gradually increase the time and bring it to full days. For planting choose a sunny place, protected from the wind.
Grade care after transplanting
After disembarking on a bed, tomatoes need some care. Watering should be carried out under the root, trying not to wet the leaves. The frequency of it depends on how quickly the soil dries on the site. It is best to perform this procedure in the morning or in the evening. Every 2 weeks you should try to apply fertilizer.
Weeding is also a necessary measure for the care of Banana tomatoes. In order to prevent fungal diseases, the soil is periodically treated with fungicidal preparations.
Diseases and their prevention
Tomato Banana is resistant to late blight disease, but breeders have not taken care of resistance to other fungal diseases. That is why the soil on the tomato bed must be treated with fungicides.
A dangerous disease is Cladosporia. If preventive measures are not taken on time, the hive may die completely. The main preventive measures are pre-sowing seed treatment and prophylactic fungicide treatment. A Bordeaux mixture is a good disinfectant that can help combat many diseases and pests on the site.
Tomatoes can be affected by a pest such as the whitefly. It is she who causes enormous damage to plants. To combat it, it is good to use the drug Commander or Spark.
Tomato harvest and storage rules
The harvest of Banana tomatoes is carried out as the fruit ripens. As a rule, they ripen together and almost simultaneously. In order to harvest more harvest, brown( or slightly yellowed, depending on the species) fruits are also disrupted. For a few days they will dope in the sun. Tastes will be exactly the same as that of ripe tomato on the bush. Harvesting is stopped by the time the outside temperature is set at +5 degrees or there are threats of cold rain. By this time all the fruits must be harvested and the tops pulled out.
Store the banana tomatoes in wooden boxes. They are laid there in rows, selecting unripe fruits of good quality. After that the box is sent to a cool non-residential premises. The shelf life is approximately a couple of months, but under good conditions, the crop could be preserved and for 3 months.
Tomato Banana is ideal for growing in the middle lane. Summer residents are simply delighted with this variety and gladly recommend it for growing to all gardeners. Despite the fact that these tomatoes are not very suitable for the production of tomato juice, in canning and for fresh consumption, they are just perfect. A banana is not difficult to grow, because the culture is unpretentious and resistant to pests and diseases.