How and what to water tomato seedlings to grow better

When choosing a seedling, preference is given to strong specimens that could safely take root in a new place. Therefore, when self-cultivating saplings, gardeners apply various techniques that favorably influence the development of young shoots. And the main means in achieving this goal are water and fertilizers. How and what to water the seedlings of tomatoes to grow strong will tell later in the article.

Contents

  • How to water tomato seedlings?
    • First watering tomato seedlings
    • Watering seedlings after transplanting
    • Watering and spraying to improve growth
  • Good feeding of tomato seedlings with hydrogen peroxide
  • How and what to process tomatoes after rain or cold

How to water tomato seedlings?

The development of young shoots depends on compliance with the irrigation regime and the application of additional fertilizing. And the irrigation process itself has features that will be discussed in this article.

After transferring seedlings to open ground, watering is not very frequent.

At first, every 2 days during the first week, then approximately once a week. For each seedling takes about 1.5-2.5 liters of water. Worse, if moistening is superficial. The root system may form underdeveloped, which has a negative impact on the growth of the bush.

Garden transplanted seedlings can be damaged by abundant and frequent watering and drying out of the soil. The risk of rotting of roots is high from overwetting, and dryness inhibits the development of culture.
. All watering of tomatoes is carried out according to different schemes.

For rooting seedlings irrigation is carried out according to the following scheme:

  • when forming inflorescences and ovaries, the soil should be well moistened;
  • a period of intensive flowering before the formation of fruits requires moderate watering;
  • with well-established dry and hot weather, you need to water the garden every other day or every day( in the early morning, in the evening before the sun sets for 2 hours);
  • in cloudy weather irrigation is carried out at any time.
Room water is used to water the tomatoes. The source of fluid are natural reservoirs, wells. It is undesirable to use tap water, but in the absence of another it needs to be defended for at least a day. The ideal option is to collect precipitation( melting snow, rain).

First watering of tomato seedlings

Watering the emerged seedlings should be 3-4 days after the mass germination. The main assistant in this business is the sprayer. It will help evenly distribute the water over the container with seedlings. The important point is the accuracy of the procedure, you should try not to fall on the greens. In the first month of seedling development, it is recommended to make one irrigation with a solution of water and organic fertilizer.

The first watering of the seedlings after germination should be as accurate as possible. In the future, set the mode: 1 time in 7-10 days.

Watering seedlings after transplanting

The first time irrigation is carried out 10-12 days after transplanting tomato seedlings. Watering is carried out only under the root of the plant. At the same time the liquid should not fall on the leaves. As the bush grows, its volume increases. At the first stage, the consumption rate is 1.5-2 liters per plant, then the displacement increases to 3-3.5 liters.

From existing irrigation systems, preference is given to drip and underground irrigation. Sprinkling can trigger fungus development.
Watering seedlings should be carried out only under the root without falling on the leaves.

Watering and spraying to improve growth

To make young shoots grow faster, water solutions with fertilizer are used for irrigation. Of the most popular recipes, you can safely use the following options:

  • on a bucket of water a tablespoon of urea( it is recommended to make after picking);
  • per 1 liter of water a tablespoon of nitrophoska( suitable after planting seedlings);
  • on a bucket of water with 500 ml of liquid mullein( used after rooting seedlings);
  • in a bucket of water with 200 ml of liquid bird droppings.
To improve growth, you can water the tomatoes with fertilizer mixtures.

Good fertilizing of seedlings of tomatoes with hydrogen peroxide

Everyone knows the unique qualities of hydrogen peroxide when treating wounds, but few people know about the benefits of using means to heal the seedlings of tomatoes to grow strong.

  • Using peroxide, the so-called root cleaning is performed. solution removes all harmful microorganisms. True, such prophylaxis has a detrimental effect on the thin hair-like processes of the tomato root system, but this fact does not affect the health and development of the plant. The seedling is processed one-time( before transplanting the flower bed).
  • Hydrogen peroxide can be safely used to prevent the development of late blight. To prepare the solution, you will need a bucket of water, a tablespoon of peroxide and 40 drops of iodine. Procedures are carried out 1 time in 10-14 days.
  • If you add a little peroxide to irrigation water, then tomato roots will be intensively enriched with oxygen after irrigation.
  • Liquid based on water and hydrogen peroxide is used to disinfect the soil. Periodically( no more than 1 time in 10 days) watering the seedlings with this means can prevent the development of diseases or the invasion of larvae that may be in the ground.
  • Watering with peroxide improves the uptake of nutrients by seedlings, as a result of which the seedling becomes strong and resistant to diseases, including phytophthora.

Even a simple spraying of water with the addition of peroxide stimulates the development of tomatoes. This technology has long been practiced in America and some European countries. Efficiency indicators are high yields and increased plant resistance to diseases.

Hydrogen peroxide for soil is a good aerator. In the loosened soil, the root system develops better, air exchange is regulated.
Hydrogen peroxide often cleans the roots of plants.

When using hydrogen peroxide for irrigation, some rules are observed:

  • water should be warm;
  • soil moisture to reach 10 cm or more;
  • avoid getting liquid on the leaves;
  • procedures should be performed no more than 1 time per week or 10 days;
  • time for processing to choose the morning or evening.

How and how to process tomatoes after rain or cold

Sometimes it happens that as a result of the sudden onset of cold weather, seedlings freeze or get wet under pouring( still in spring cold) rain. The depressing look of the plants suggests that the work and time was spent in vain. But still it is necessary to try to reanimate saplings, especially since there are always several effective methods in the arsenal of experienced gardeners.

Epin - perfectly strengthens the immune system of tomatoes
  • One of the ways involves the use of the drug Epin, which strengthens the immunity of vegetable crops. To prepare the working solution, you will need to dissolve 1 ampoule of the product in 5 liters of water, add a pinch of citric acid. Next, you need to sprinkle the soil under the plant in the early morning or late evening. Daily procedures will not give the expected effect.
  • Reanimation of seedlings after soil freezing is possible with ordinary dousing. Water from natural reservoirs or a well is used for the procedures. The liquid used is cold, the jet should be of the type of sprinkling with a weak pressure( it is better to use a watering can with a nozzle).Watering is carried out before sunrise.
  • If night frosts are replaced by sunny day weather, wilted seedlings should be protected from the sun. For this, a canopy of thick cardboard is constructed. It is even better to sprinkle shoots with a growth stimulator and make a mini greenhouse over a garden bed( film or agrotextile shelter).Gradual thawing will give the plant a chance to recover. If not, you need to additionally fertilize it.
  • In case of darkening of the tips of the shoots during frostbite, it is recommended to conduct spraying the tomato with a solution of water( 10 l) and urea( with a matchbox). You can add any growth stimulant to the product.
  • Abundance of moisture is becoming a major cause of disease. If the seedlings came under heavy rain, do not hope at random, it is better to carry out the treatment. The best products are: whey( 2 l per bucket of water), a weak solution of potassium permanganate, 1% Bordeaux liquid, wood ash( 300 g. Ash is boiled in 500 ml of water for 20 minutes, then diluted in a bucket of water).Spray this solution at any time.

Reverent attitude to seedlings guarantees strong seedlings. And this is a good bookmark for future harvest. The main thing is not to forget about the use of organic and peroxide. Time to process and feed the vegetables with the right means.

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