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Oleander in the open field - it is a large ornamental shrub with bulky buds a variety of colors. In the garden, cultivation of this crop is practiced in areas with a warm climate, and care for oleander at home is available and can be done in any region, but due to the size of the evergreen shrub and its thermophilicity has its own characteristics.
Popularity as an ornamental plant, oleander acquired in the countries of the Mediterranean, in areas of south-east Asia. In reality and in the photo, oleander flowers strike with a variety of colors and shapes, and flower growers, who already have experience in growing a plant, are well acquainted with its aroma. Dense leathery leaves of elongated form in the set cover brownish shoots, and without due attention the lower parts of the stems become bare, and the plant tends to grow.
It is not surprising that one of the main features of oleander care is its pruning, which limits the growth of the shrub and helps give shape and compactness to its crown. Despite the desire for growth, among fans of indoor cultures, oleander is considered to be unpretentious and easy-to-care plant.
Conditions for growing and caring for oleander
Shrub growing in nature in well-lit and ventilated areas require the same treatment at home. If the pot with oleander is in the shade:
- leaves will inevitably fade;
- re-growing foliage shallows;
- inflorescences become sparse and less decorative than usual;
- internodes on new shoots drawn out;
- young growth looks noticeably weakened.
A long stay in the shade threatens with the loss of buds and the refusal of the plant from flowering. In summer, the room oleander, as in the photo, can be taken out into the garden. When the air temperature is 20–25 ° C, the shrub is well acclimatized and actively develops under the open sky. Oleander should not be planted in the ground in order to avoid the difficulties of transplanting plants due to the formation of new roots. But prikopat container near the garden pond is useful. Moisture helps the bush to withstand the noonday sun even on the hottest summer days. If there is no pond on the plot, you can put a regular bucket of water nearby. Indoors, the pot is placed in a pan with wet moss or expanded clay.
Oleander very sensitively reacts to the stagnation of air, so it is important to ventilate the room often, avoiding contact with the plant cold wind gusts or drafts.
When growing oleander at home, in the care include spraying the crown with warm soft water. This measure helps to maintain cleanliness of the foliage and increase the humidity of the air near the bush.
Seasonal care for oleander
The plant responds better not to the frequent moistening of the soil surface, but to more rare, but abundant watering, during which water penetrates into the thickest substrate. In spring and summer, oleander needs to be watered more often, which is explained by the needs of a growing bush and more evaporation than in the cold season. The soil is moistened with soft water at room temperature, during this year preventing the earthen clod with roots from drying out. And from April until the autumn, watering is combined with dressings. For these purposes, every two weeks you can use complex fertilizer for flowering crops.
In nature, shrub lives in regions where the season change is quite pronounced. Similar conditions will have to be created when growing and caring for oleander indoors.
First of all, the plant is looking for a place where the bush successfully overwinter at a temperature of 2–12 ° C, being in daylight in the light. Subzero temperatures and a deep shadow in the care of oleander at home are strictly contraindicated. If the shrub lacks light, the grower should expect that his green pet will get rid of the foliage, and at the beginning of next summer will not give the desired inflorescences.
Features of flowering and trimming of room oleander
Room oleander, in the photo, refers to the long-blooming ornamental crops.
If the plant receives enough water, food and care, the flowers on the shrubs open from June to mid-autumn, and often ovaries are formed on the inflorescence at the same time, and new corollas immediately open.
At home, in the care of oleander necessarily include regular pruning. Stems are not afraid of a strong shortening, sleeping axillary buds in the spring will compensate for the loss of crown, which, thanks to this care, will become much more attractive and thick.
The optimal time for pruning oleander is autumn, when mass flowering ends. If, at home, the care of oleander, in the photo, is done correctly, by the spring the plant has time to lay new flower buds and prepare lush fragrant inflorescences for the summer. Because of this feature of the shrub, spring pruning is not carried out, with the exception of sanitary removal of the dead, sick or weakened shoots.
But spring is the best time for transplanting the oleander flower depicted in the photo.
Transplantation and reproduction of oleander
Young bushes can be reloaded into new, large pots each year. At the same time, the root system is not disturbed, and the voids between the walls of the container and the earth clod are filled with fresh substrate. Adult bushes are best replanted no more than 1 time in 3-4 years. As a soil for plants take a fertile loose mixture of turf land, half the volume of sheet soil, as well as humus and sand. For the structuring of the substrate and as a prevention of bacterial infections, a little crushed charcoal is mixed in.
When a large bush is transplanted, it is sometimes divided, which makes it possible to quickly multiply the oleander.
But most often they do not apply this method, but cuttings. But before breeding oleander, you need to get planting material. To do this, young cuttings are cut from a healthy plant of the sort that you like so that they have a growing point and several unfolded green leaves. Harvesting and rooting of seedlings intended for reproduction of oleander is carried out in the summer.
Lower leaves are removed, and cuttings are added to the wet mixture of sand, perlite, and peat. It is better to cover the container with landings with a film or to put in a hothouse. When the roots are 3-5 cm long, young oleanders will sit on their own pots.
It is even easier and clearer to root oleander in ordinary water, where you can add crushed charcoal. After transplanting in pots, young plants easily acclimatize, and next autumn they can be carefully cut to give rise to a bushy lush crown.