lathe?and I want to do something like that. A lathe from a drill installed on the frame from a foot sewing machine will allow you to get a souvenir from an inconspicuous bar. Wood is easy to process. For metal processing homemade machine should be more thorough. Hand-made lathe from the drill will not remain without work.
The device of the lathe
Even before the advent of high-speed electrical machines, lathes for wood already existed. Rotation could be transferred to the spindle from the pulley belts. The big wheel was rotated even manually. The lathe from the drill, driven by an electric motor, became high-speed, but the principle of operation, invented a few centuries ago, remained the same. On a massive welded frame with thoughtful reliable fastening, the installation can process even soft metal - copper, aluminum and similar alloys.
The wooden billet inserted for machining into a lathe should have a round shape. The ribs must first be creased so that the cutter runs smoothly over the surface.
For processing wood and plastic, you can make a simple design that is easier to hide in a secluded corner even in an apartment.
The diagram shows a homemade lathe on a tree from a drill. The equipment is installed on a stable platform with an axial through slot in any convenient way. The plate, fixed on a suitable construction, is called a bed. This is the basis of the future machine. The size of the bed depends on the length of the blanks, and the place to accommodate the working units:
- of the headstock or leading center;
- caliper or handhold.
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If the engine that provides the rotation of the leading part is used as a drill, then the tool must be firmly fixed with special clamps. The holder is inserted into the holder in the form of a faceplate, with which the end of the workpiece is attached. The headstock can have one freedom of movement - along the axis. On lathes from the drill for metal, the headstock is welded to the bed tightly.
The center of the tailstock and the front are at the same height above the bed and along the axis. The accuracy of the installation is important and is controlled with respect to the slot on the table plane. The backstock has one degree of freedom. The inserted workpiece between the centers is clamped, and after that the back knot is fixed.
It is important to set the workpiece in the center so that it does not beat during rotation.
A podruchnik is called the middle insert, which is fixed under the workpiece. Sawdust flies into it, but the main purpose of the assembly is a stand for supporting the cutter from the working side. The master brings the cutter to the rotating rod, resting on the parking brake edge, which is located very close to the line of rotation. The stop must have freedom of movement perpendicular to the longitudinal axis, it is removed when the workpiece is installed.
The handcuff is also vertically adjustable, it should be as close as possible to the surface to be machined so that the turning tool rests on the edge. With a large lever it is difficult to hold the tool and it can be torn out with serious consequences. When grinding conical surfaces, the handpiece set the floor angle, parallel to the cone.
When working on a lathe, you need to remember about your own safety. Be sure to use safety glasses. Clothing should fit tightly. But the hands must be open to feel the tool.
A lathe from a drill with a collector motor is not an entirely successful design. Without constant load, the motor picks up speed, goes "hawking".Therefore, an electronic unit is provided to maintain a constant rotational speed. If there is no such device, a gearbox is installed for safety. Sometimes designs with high-speed mechanisms are connected via a belt drive. On the basis of the drill, factory-made lathes cost about 5,000 rubles.
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Create a machine with your own hands
On a strong, stable foundation such as a workbench, a lathe attachment for a drill, representing the front headstock, is attached. It should create conditions for mounting the spindle so that the holes with the rear part are coaxial. As an example of creating a framework, you can use the drawings of the proposed nodes.
An electric drill, which simultaneously serves as the headstock and electrically driven rotation, is attached to such a surface with a clamp and a clamp fixed to the tool's neck. However, you can mount the drill on a hill above the bed, and then the second point of attachment rises to the same height. There are a lot of options how to make a lathe from a drill. The main thing is to respect the principle of axial centering and secure fastening of the workpiece. It is for the stabilization of each node is important to consider the fixture clamps, drills.
. In the course of work, it is necessary to remember about the possible heating of the tool and at the time of stopping the motor to rest.
Each job requires a certain amount of equipment. Therefore, a miniature machine is needed to create shakhmatny figures, and to create a figured lining of the sideboard, the dimensions of the frame and the energy drive will have other parameters.
. Is it possible to create a metal lathe from a drill?
In practice, more monumental equipment is used for metal processing. It is important to have a welded, stable base, since the forces when acting on a rotating metal rod are much greater. The emphasis on the machine goes to a reliable, screw-moving caliper. The point of support for the cutter is he. Thorough fastening of the drill with hose clips creates a reliable assembly for fixing the workpiece in the chuck.
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The whole structure is welded, including the tailstock. Only such a monolith can reliably take the load when processing metal. On a lathe from a drill with your own hands, it is permissible to work with small pieces of soft grades of metal. The material is processed using gentle methods - a file, needle file, sandpaper. If it is necessary to work on deep processing, to create a profile with incisors, an adjustable caliper is needed.
Video can help you better understand how to make a lathe with your own hands on the iron:
What can be done with an
lathe? At the design stage of the machine, you can provide lathe attachments for the drill. One of them may be a copier. It is used in order to exactly repeat all the curly cuts on a wooden cylinder. The problem is the rewinding of engines, and the attachment to the drill will cope with this task. You can use a drill mounted on the bed for grinding, put a polishing pad on it.
Use the workpiece rotation to apply paint. When centrifugal spreading over the surface of the decorative layer creates an unpredictable color mosaic. The first machine will awaken interest in creativity and your imagination.
Using cheap materials at hand you can create yourself an assistant with whom to sculpt exclusive things for your home. At all times, appreciated crafts made by their own hands.
Universal homemade machine from a drill - video