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video, the land, the land, the land’s amount, the land’s amount. The majestic plant, reaching three meters in height, is a real decoration of the garden plot. The main thing is to know and follow the rules of agricultural engineering.
Choosing a site for planting
When choosing a site for growing corn, preference should be given to sunny places protected from winds. Soils should be light, moderately moist. Pre-enrich them with mineral, organic fertilizers. Before planting corn on heavy, clogged soils, they are dug up, fluffing and providing drainage. Place under the culture must be changed every 3 years. Potatoes, cabbage, beans, tomatoes can be predecessors of corn. It gets on beautifully with squash and pumpkin.
You can not sow corn immediately after millet. This contributes to the spread of a common plant pest - a corn moth.
Preparation of grains for sowing
Selection of inoculum requires special attention. From this will depend largely on yield. For sowing take large grains, on which there is no slightest damage. They are then tested for germination by placing in 5% salt solution for 5 minutes. For planting only suitable grain, settled to the bottom.
The next step is seed dressing, which is necessary for protection against diseases. For 7 minutes, the grains are placed in a special solution. It may be powdered pesticide, hydrogen peroxide. Most gardeners use for dressing a weak solution of potassium permanganate. You can disinfect the grain by conducting a hydrothermal treatment - alternately lowering it into hot( up to 50 ° C) water, then cold. The whole process lasts 20 minutes.
Starting in the fall, they begin to prepare a place for planting corn. They dig up the soil to a depth of 30 cm, at the same time introducing manure, compost or peat at the rate of 8 kg per 1 m².
Organic fertilizer for corn contributes to its development, helping to absorb nutrients from the soil. To increase plant resistance to drought, micronutrient fertilizers containing zinc and molybdenum are added. In the spring, before sowing seeds, the soil is treated with herbicides that destroy weeds. Then dig up, enriching complex fertilizers, stimulating growth. Potassium fertilizers are applied( 20 g per 1 m²) and nitrogen fertilizers( 25 g per 1 m²).Acidic soils are lime, using 3 kg of lime for every 10 m².
. Seeding technology.
. Seed planting is carried out in a prepared, herbicide-treated and fertilized soil. The timing for sowing depends on the region. In the suburbs of corn planting can be practiced since May 25.The soil should warm up to 10 ° C and above. Corn - a thermophilic plant and tolerates any fluctuations in temperature is very painful.
A marking is made on the beds, indicating the places of future holes, the interval between which should be at least 70 cm. The depth of each one is 9 cm. In this case, the developed root system will not interfere with the neighboring plants. Seeds are placed at a distance of 30 cm from each other.
Corn is planted in several beds located nearby. This provides more efficient cross-pollination.
The cluster landing method is also used. Seeds of 4 pieces are placed in a separate hole, the depth of which is about 12 cm. To the bottom pour up to 400 g of organic matter. After planting seeds on top of them mulch with peat. The seeding rate of corn varies depending on the variety, the method of sowing, and the size of the seeds. On average, one hectare requires up to 20 kg of grains.
Cultivation of seedlings
In the northern regions, where spring comes too late, corn is cultivated with the help of seedlings. Sowing seeds carried out in room conditions in mid-April. Peat cups filled with the substrate are planted in one or two grains to a depth of 3 cm. A layer of sand 1 cm thick is poured in from above. After about 20 days from the moment of planting, the seedlings can be transplanted into open ground. It should focus on temperature. Transplantation is carried out only when establishing a stable warm weather. To protect from the cold, each plant can be covered with a neck cut from a plastic bottle, which provides a greenhouse effect.
care Corn is rapidly growing after the first node appears on the plant. By the beginning of flowering increment is up to 12 cm per day. Then the rapid growth stops, and all the forces are given to the formation of cobs. Mainly for corn, planting and caring in the open field is the same as for most other garden crops. To care for crops requires:
- Watering. Despite the fact that the plant is highly resistant to drought, a good harvest of juicy fruits can be obtained only by providing it with moisture. Abundant watering is required at a phase of 9 leaves, the next - during flowering, then during the period of pouring the grain.
- Loosening. In order to have additional roots in the plant, the soil between the rows should be loosened after each watering or rain. The first time this is done before the emergence of shoots. In this case, loosening is carried out to a depth of no more than 4 cm, so as not to damage the germinated seeds.
- Feeding. Cultivation of corn in the country is impossible without the timely introduction of dressings. The first is carried out with a concentrated solution of Lignohumate. It is diluted at the rate of 2 tablespoons per 10 liters of water. Per one plant make one liter of solution. When the first panicles appear, the following feeding is carried out. A solution is prepared for it - 15 g of ammonium nitrate, 20 g of potassium, 40 g of superphosphate are diluted in 10 l of water. During the ripening of the cobs, fertilizing is carried out using a liquid fertilizer, Agricola-Vegeta solution.
Corn growing technology has its own characteristics. High stalks growing in the area blown by the wind need a garter. In addition, it is necessary to remove the developing stepchildren, leaving no more than three cobs on one stalk.
Knowing all the subtleties of how to grow corn at the dacha, making maximum efforts and taking care, you can get an excellent crop of sweet, juicy, unusually tasty fruits.
Growing Early Sweet Corn on the Plot - Video