dull if there is an euonymus on the plot. The plant is a shrub, tree or creeping carpet. Decorative effect in the beauty of variegated leathery leaves, earrings of poisonous berries. Planting and caring for euonymus is a fascinating activity.
Euonymus variety application in culture
Euonymus represents plants between deciduous and evergreen species. In nature, found in the undergrowth of the middle belt, sometimes in the tropics. Used in culture for landscape gardening. Decorative effect consists in the autumn coloring of the leaf blade, dangling earrings of bright inedible seeds. Cultural forms lost their height, dwarf varieties appeared.
As examples of different forms of euonymus, consider several of the hundreds of species:
- is European, is a low tree or shrub, in the fall is purple with orange catkins of fruits;
- winged, a bush of 2 meters, grows wild in the form of undergrowth in the Far East, red in autumn;Forchuna
- , a creeping ground cover shrub with motley leathery leaves, the birthplace of China;
- Japanese, evergreen shrub that can grow at home and is used to grow bonsai trees.
Forchun Euonymus in landscape design photo
Creeping shrub different decorative leaves. Among the many variegated varieties are fringed and spotty, with white and yellow ornamentation on a green field. At the same time large leaves, leathery to the touch, keep their shape well.
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Forchun for decorating the landscape of the middle band is an indispensable shrub. Ground-cover evergreen plant. It is necessary to cover for the winter a low shrub, with the melting of snow a bright juicy spot returns summer. In addition, the bush can be trimmed and it keeps its shape well.
Flowers The shrub euonymus throws invisible against the background of variegated leaves. But in the autumn the bush dresses up in earrings from inedible berries. Only the creeping form of an evergreen can be saved from freezing where frosts reach -20 degrees. Cover up bushes in late autumn to avoid decay. The covering material can be a pine spruce and large chips that let in air.
Another Forchun property is used by designers. Liana length of 3 meters is able to climb on the vertical walls. So that it does not slide off, it is necessary to prepare supports for which the aerial roots will hold. So you can drape from the immodest eyes of the place of storage of waste, farm buildings.
Breeding of Euonymus
The reproduction of Euonymus in natural conditions occurs due to the transfer of seeds by birds. The berries are poisonous to humans, but they serve as food for the birds during the winter months.
In a cultural setting, it is easier to propagate by root layering and grafting from the spring - classical methods. To do this, in the spring woody cuttings rooted in the greenhouse, planting developed plants in the ground in August.
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An easy way of breeding is rooting a twig in a prikopa. Since euonymus tend to produce roots in the internodes, a sprig is pinned to the soil and a small patch is embedded in which roots are formed. Later the branch is separated from the uterine bush. In landscape design, Euonymus in the fall, as in the photo, is irreplaceable.
He with his victorious color reminds that life is eternal and there is no reason to despondency. Autumn has its colors. And the gray overcast day is getting brighter. Designers love to use in the exhibition and stand-alone trees, dressed with a variety of leaves, bright clusters of berries.
Undeservedly forgotten, euonymus reappeared in the landscape design of possessions.
What you need to know about the eskonlet
For landscaping, cultural forms of plants, dwarf varieties and shrubs are used. Where it is cold in winter, single plants are grown in pots and pots, taking them to a cool place for the winter.
In nature, euonymus grows under the canopy of trees. With a bright sunny color leaves decorativeness is lost. The best temperature for a plant is 18-22 degrees. The warmer than often need to moisten the leaves and lump of earth. If the euonymus is to spend the winter outdoors, its branches need protection. It is best to make a fur coat from the spruce branches of coniferous trees.
The plant is poisonous. Only 35 berries for an adult - a lethal dose. It can not be planted in a place accessible to children.
Where to place the plant in the country
If you need to grow a single tree, fit the Maaca euonymus. This species loves sunshine and does not tolerate shading. For European varieties the best place would be the shadow of adult trees.
For a hedge, you should purchase a Sakhalin or sacred euonymus. These plants give rooting branches and are ground cover.
The soil under an euonymus should be light with an alkaline or neutral reaction. The plant does not like clay, gratefully treats mineral dressing.
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Watering the bush should be moderate. All eoscletes do not like stagnant moisture and high groundwater.
How to grow a lonely tree in a pot culture
Like any young, rapidly growing plant, an euonymus is planted in a small container in light soil. First transplanted every year, then less often. In the summer, the culture is kept outside, for the winter period it is arranged in a cool room with a temperature above 5 degrees.
In a warm room, the plant also overwinters, but can lose foliage. Keeping the plant indoors is not easy. The leaves are lost from the heat, moldy from moisture, pale in the shade.
It is adapted for cultivation as a houseplant Japanese euonymus. Its leathery blue-green leaves are more resistant. During growth, the young tree is deformed, creating bizarre bends of the branches.
Euonymus in the garden - video
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