Position of power points, the height of the installation of sockets and switches - this is a serious issue that requires planning, schemes, calculations of numbers for each room.
If to hold the installation approach with pre-planning, then do not have to unwind the cable extension, stumble on carry and connect to everything, thus overloading the outlet, or even network.
Our material will help you to determine the optimal amount of electrical fittings, and its location rules. We also tell you about all the intricacies of the placement and installation elektrotochek in an apartment or house.
The content of the article:
Planning and installation of switches and sockets
- Laws and technical standards
- Rules in the placement of switches
- Advantages and disadvantages of the Soviet and Euro standards
Features installation of switches and sockets
- #1. Especially in the corridor accommodation
- #2. Location elektrotochek bathroom
- #3. The specifics of the installation in the living room
- #4. Located right at the kitchen
- #5. Nuances of accommodation in the bedroom
- #6. Proper planning of power points in the nursery
- #7. Subtleties of installation in the office
- Location points of light
- Professional advice on placement
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Planning and installation of switches and sockets
It is estimated that each person uses about six different appliances per day. And the number is constantly growing. There are new devices and gadgets without which one can hardly imagine life.
Devices fill our homes, and the number of outlets remains unchanged. When a person in a panic running around the house or office in search of a free connector for charging smartphones, more and more frequent. And what is the result? We have to turn off the printer, or anything else.
To avoid such situations is not difficult, you only need to know how to properly position connectors. Then use them will be as comfortable as possible.
Recommendations and nuances electrical valve arrangement introduces the following selection:
Clearly defined regulations on the height of the switches and power distribution of the points there. There are recommendations that should focus on usability
Question mounting height is slightly affected by the joint venture 31-110-2003, in which there are recommendations about how to install switches from the door handle at a height of about 1 m
According to the regulations of the SAE wiring accessories must be removed from water sources likely hit even in the form of spray
The distance from the domestic to outlet pipeline with switches and other wiring elements must be at a minimum of 0.5 m
Where a predominant amount of time users are in a sitting position, switched outlets situated at an altitude arms outstretched sitting
Permitted location breakers equipped cord control at the top of the walls and the ceiling
Eliminate the need to search in the dark at the touch switch device located on the floor near the front door
on the writing can be arranged similar device desktop or moved to any other place in the room, if necessary, turn the alarm on or off lights throughout the house
The convenient location of the electrical fittings
Horizontally oriented block Electroadjusting
The need to remove from a possible ingress of water
Limits position relative to the pipeline
Power strip with a switch near the desk
Switches controlled by means of lace
Floor switch at the entrance door to the apartment
Table portable switch
To avoid minor repairs when installing / transferring circuit breakers and sockets it is necessary to allow time for planning. For example, when ordering a project from an interior designer, the application must indicate the exact number of network connectors and circuit breakers, as well as their location.
Since the interior of the developer can not know that you prefer to work at a laptop on the couch. Adoption of the draft - this is the point to which all received comments and make changes to the project.
Make a chart and preliminary design, before starting work on shtroblenie walls, placement of electrical wiring and installation of switches and sockets
With self-planning of the interior important to understand the purpose of the room and its decoration. Also takes into account the place of furniture arrangement, as the socket for the wardrobe - a useless thing. And if you like once every six months to rearrange the furniture in the room?
It turns out that the calculation of the number of circuit breakers and sockets is carried out only after the design process.
Clear guidelines and strict rules elektrotochek location no. References PUE, which it is desirable to adhere to, but taking into account the real situation
Laws and technical standards
Building regulations, strictly regulating the number and location of network connectors and switches in the house, not spelled out in law. But there is a document entitled "Code of practice for design and construction" or SP 31-110-2003, Which spelled out the recommendations which have the circuit breakers and the electrical connectors.
The first located by the door handle up to 1000 mm, and the second - in a convenient location, but at the same height. It should be guided only by common sense and own choice.
Rules in the placement of switches
The switch for the main lighting taken place near the doorway at a height of 750-900 mm. height calculation should be based on the average growth rates of all adults in the family. As a result, every comfort has to press the circuit breaker button without lifting your hands up.
The level of 800 mm is relatively all exemplary. The switch must be placed so that when the door is closed, he was on the handle side, and not vice versa. Then, when you open, the door does not override it. You also can not deny access to the circuit breaker of various furniture and wardrobes.
European standard installation sockets and switches entrenched in society as a convenient and safe way to position the instrument for the whole family. To the point without any problems, you can reach out a hand, to carry out repairs or replacement without excessive muscular tension
Power outlets for lighting fixtures in the bathroom, dressing room and a storage room must be mounted in the hallway. For living rooms, kitchens, as well as of the corridor - the right to be the location within the premises themselves.
Wiring devices for adjusting the auxiliary or decorating lighting mounted in a convenient location, but with the design.
Advantages and disadvantages of the Soviet and Euro standards
Obsolete "Soviet" elektrotochek location method has the following strengths:
- More and more people in the CIS countries is considered more convenient version of the data, respectively, when there is a demand, it is possible to find a great offer;
- switch is almost at eye level;
- You can set underneath furniture, and it will not block the switch;
- the safest option for children;
- the location of the outlet will allow to comfortably connect the appliance, without prior "bows".
But if the device is connected to a power outlet, will always stand in the same place, the process looks less attractive. Since the wires, and the jack will be in a prominent position.
At the same time, "European standard" - is:
- high ergonomics, pleasant and easy use;
- regulation of lighting devices "in the blind", as well as the folded hands;
- maximum "stealth" from public viewing.
But this option requires additional protection of children, as well as for the connection of devices should always bend down. Installation of additional furniture in any case will block built into the wall unit.
Pros and cons of European standards in the field of switches and sockets location designated in the gallery:
According to the recommendations of the European building standards switches located at a distance of 0.9 m from the floor surface
On the advice of the same European sources of power outlets and the point of connection of low-voltage devices are installed in 0.3 m above the floor line
However, the choice of the place of installation of wiring accessories on the European recommendations is inconvenient in terms of replacement or repair
The best solution to the issue is the installation of sockets for stationary equipment in operation at the height of 30 cm. Switches with outlets, connection to which is done often, but occasionally, it is best to place 90 cm from the floor
Height switch arrangement according to European standards
The height of all kinds of household socket arrangement
Disadvantages for European standards locations
Tips for choosing the best site for the power plant
Features installation of switches and sockets
The reason for the long discussions is the height from the floor outlet locations. Because the exact definition nowhere registered, we can use such terms as "European standard" or "Soviet standard". When the apartment is planned "renovation" is likely sockets will be placed at 300 mm from the floor, but the switches - already at 900 mm.
According to the "Soviet standard" switch would be set at shoulder level - about 1600 mm, and the outlet is also much higher - at 900 mm from the floor.
Each method has its pros and cons. A brief look at them.
Soviet standard installation of switches and sockets still holds a leading position in society, because the data plan is still in demand on the market
#1. Especially in the corridor accommodation
Hallway enough outlets 1-2. Position them better in the corner near the plinth at about 15-20 cm from the floor. This will allow you to connect a variety of household appliances such as vacuum cleaner, Dehydrators for shoes or for charging the phone.
Point lighting and selection of power in the corridor are located so that it is convenient to use the exit / entrance to the house, connected infrequently used devices
In addition, in the hallway perfectly fit, and other devices.
- housing distribution panel with circuit breakers;
- Voltage regulator;
- electric meter, while for apartments provide a separate place in the stairwell, it can be built in the corridor;
- switches for the kitchen, bath and toilet;
- junction box for cable TV, Ethernet, or a landline phone;
In most cases, this is enough, but sometimes also include the corridor installation of floor heating sensor.
#2. Location elektrotochek bathroom
Of course, the number of number of electrical outlets in the bathroom It will depend on the size and number of devices, but in 95% of cases - enough sockets 1-2. The first desirable to locate close to the mirror at the level of 1000 mm above the floor. It will connect the dryer and shaver. The second, for example, connected to the washing machine or heater. In this case, not less than 600 mm from the floor of the cars, and 1500 mm - for the boiler.
There are no rules that prohibit installing sockets in the bathroom, despite the fact that the room is considered risky in terms of electric shock
It goes without saying that both strengthen outlet near the device standpipes strictly contraindicated, should therefore be indented from the bathtub and the sink more than 600 mm, preferably 1000 mm. It is mandatory and should worry about protection against moisture, install Weatherproof outlet.
We must not forget that the product may be exposed to greater danger. Since the bathroom exposed to risk of flooding, fastened articles below 150 mm from the floor is completely insecure. If the outlet water gets, the threat to life is simply colossal.
The optimum installation height of sockets in the bathroom are selected based on the ease of use and minimize contact with water
The reasons for this may be a different situation from the leaking tap or pipe breakage to home appliances or forgetfulness hosts.
#3. The specifics of the installation in the living room
Home theater or a simple TV box would require a separate outletAnd the better of the two. First for the most TV receiver and the second satellite to the receiver. height level should be determined based on the location of the TV. It can stand on a pedestal to be mounted into a wall or fit into a special cell wall furniture.
the power cord can not hang down or be under tension. He must completely hidden behind the screen.
Living in a small apartment can be visually divided into two distinct zones: a space on the desk and a part to relax on the couch watching TV
At each further wall should be placed on the socket 2 at 150-300 mm from the floor. They can connect a floor lamp, fan, battery chargers for gadgets, gaming console, vacuum cleaner.
Have to worry about the possibility of easy connection of the unit.
If in the living room will be a personal computer, you need to take care of a single point of power for him. And about how to connect it, see here.
Sockets and switches recommended positioned so that they possibly were hidden from view
#4. Located right at the kitchen
Every year more and more developing smart appliances to provide comfort and temporary human costs. Naturally, the amount of equipment and, consequently, outlets in the kitchen sometimes just rolls over. It is mandatory must be provided to connect the hood may dishwasher and washing machines, electric cookers.
But most importantly - a refrigerator, microwave oven or multivarka, sometimes, both. Blender, juicer, processor, toaster, blender, coffee maker and a TV - the list is probably endless.
Installation of electrical outlets in the kitchen furniture is a convenient way to create a visual appearance of a lack of data devices and increase comfort (+)
For condenser outlet is usually set at 600-800 mm. For stretching is desirable to increase the height of three times - 1800-2000 mm from the floor.
at connecting the appliance outlet it is necessary to mount 200-300 mm from the floor. In addition, for him to cut a hole in the back wall of the kitchen furniture, if any.
For high-power consumers installed in the kitchen separate receptacle, independent of the total power line
Having estimated the place of the future of the working surface, it is necessary to provide connectors and there. Desirably at least three outlet positioned at 100-200 mm above the countertop for connecting shallow art.
TV in the kitchen most often mounted on wall brackets, respectively, the height of the outlet for the domestic appliance can be from 1800 to 2000 mm from the floor.
#5. Nuances of accommodation in the bedroom
In this room is enough four products, two sockets on each side of the bed. They will be for the bedside lamp, electronic watches or other devices, such as air conditioning, a fan or a vacuum cleaner. Near the dresser it is also desirable to install a single outlet at 600-700 mm from the floor for connection of the hair dryer or hair iron.
If the room will be the PC or TV, it should also think about where to hide wires and how to place the connectors mains.
#6. Proper planning of power points in the nursery
Children's room - usually a combination bedroom and play space. In this room, also can not do without power connectors. It is desirable that there were at least 2-3. Near the crib can put the lamp, and the rest - for additional purposes.
Modern technologies allow to emphasize the visual component, not forgetting the meantime, security children, excluding chance to hit with fingers inside
Many experts warn that the plugs have to be installed on small children as possible. In this they were right a few years ago.
Recent developments made it possible to equip the product with additional protective covers, which prevent contact of the child with the mains. Such valves often require a lot of effort to gain access to the holes for plugs. Spontaneous children's curiosity will be stopped.
#7. Subtleties of installation in the office
This room is not very different from living on the connector location. At least 5-6 units required for PC connection - the system unit, screen, PC Speaker, a scanner and a desk lamp. Near the shelves for the books you need to provide a place to read.
Install lamp and a comfortable chair should be included in the project plan, and this is another auxiliary connector. Two other device is placed on an unoccupied wall. Each connector is mounted at a height of 150-300 mm from the floor.
There are two variants of the air conditioner connected. Directly or through the machine through the outlet. In the first case there will be no dangling cords, but should definitely pick up a quality machine from which the operation of the device will depend. In the second case, the outlet should be placed at 300 mm from the ceiling.
Location points of light
lighting control point in the house is divided into three main groups:
- These were classic switches - are instruments of various kinds, often with one or two keys. But thanks three-key switchesYou can simultaneously use three different groups of lighting installations.
- This group consisted of switches, utilizing that regulation is performed by several light sources of different locations at once.
- This group includes such devices which regulate the lighting arrangements, already integrated in the lighting instruments. Among them, a table lamp and floor lamp /
The apartment has almost all the rooms are equipped with single or dvuhklavishnye switchesThat is justified, and most importantly comfortable.
In general lighting fixtures category often fall into, which is located near the ceiling, giving diffused light
For example, for bathroom additional light source can be a lamp above the mirror. But for such a regulation device by means of built-in switch
Bedroom has its own, unique system of switches. It allows you to adjust the light source at the same time from different locations. Consider the example of the convenience.
Each bed must be equipped with a lamp in the form of a lamp on the table, bedside tables, wall sconces or floor lamp
Every time when you have to turn on or turn off the light, we have to get out of bed because the circuit breakers are located far enough away from the bed. Yield obvious. The room is installed just three switch. One at the exit from the room, and the other two - on both sides of the bed. As a result, adjust the lighting in the bedroom it was very simple, and access to the circuit breaker will be on hand.
Professional advice on placement
Where and how to position switches and sockets should be determined only on the basis of safety and of course, comfort. At present, there are no prescribed standards, which would have indicated a place to put the electrical connectors and switches. Especially their number in a separate room.
Planning - is the stage of counting the number of mechanisms, which will benefit people on a regular basis, regardless of the room. Plus a 1-2 socket on top for additional devices. The most stringent requirements apply only to the masters who are to install the electrical equipment in the apartment. Such people must be experts with good experience.
But if it was decided to carry out all the work yourself, you need to familiarize yourself with all kinds of electrical equipment. Insofar as product range very wide, which means that you can find under every need equipment.
It can be an audio jack that allows you to connect the speakers, hi-fi system or a connector for a landline phone, and socket for an Ethernet cable.
mounting height determines the comfortable living conditions in the house, his security, landscaping and beauty.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Subtleties installation of sockets and switches in the kitchen shown in the video:
Where harmoniously positioned switches and sockets:
A suitable height for the installation of sockets and switches:
Before you get started, remember that electricity - this is not a toy. It requires a perfect approach to the matter. Installation of outlets and equipment in the kitchen, the bathroom and the hallway, it is desirable to entrust the professional electrician, who owns the specialized tolerances to perform electrical work.
There were questions about the topic of the article or have any recommendations on the calculation and installation elektrotochek indoors? Please leave your suggestions in the comments below the article.