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video The Japanese Camellia camellia
- How to grow camellia - video
Japanese Camellia transplant camellia Japanese Camellia
the variety of existing varieties and the possibility of growing in the open air and at home.
The homeland of the plant is China’s mountain forests, as well as the island of Taiwan, the southern regions of Japan and the Korean Peninsula. In nature, Japanese camellia looks like a medium-sized tree or a shrub about 6 meters high.
In a plant:
- sparse, but rather voluminous crown;
- pointed elliptical leaves up to 11 cm long and about 6 cm wide, with a leathery glossy surface, on which diverging streaks are clearly visible;
- large single or paired flowers emerging from the leaf sinuses.
Today, natural varieties of Japanese camellia, as in the photo, were presented to growers thousands of original varieties, differing in flower color, size and shape.
- spotty and striped corollas;
- semi-double forms with a fluffy yellow middle;
- terry flowers of Japanese camellia, indistinguishable from elegant garden roses.
The flower retains its colorfulness and succulence for almost a month, and then, after pollination, a fruit appears in its place, within which several large seeds ripen.
grow on the dacha. Conditions for keeping a camellia flower of the Japanese
If a camellia in a garden feels comfortable and not too demanding to care, then in a room environment a large flowering plant is a test of knowledge and patience of the grower.
With a lack of attention or illiterately organized care, Japanese camellia at home can throw off already formed buds. And sometimes the plant gets rid of the leaves.
Best of all, the culture is acclimatized in a winter garden or a greenhouse, where it is allocated a place where during the whole year the length of the daylight will be at least 12-14 hours. If camellia lacks lighting, she refuses to bloom or makes very sparingly.
While buds are forming on the shrub, do not touch, move or rotate the pot. Capricious beauty can part with the buds, but when the flowers of Japanese camellia open, you can safely:
- rearranged to the best place in the room;
- take out to the open air, where the crown will not be threatened by direct sunlight;
- put on the light loggia.
camelsday In spring and summer, when the plant grows actively, camellias are comfortable with the usual house temperature, but the conditions have to change from autumn. Budding takes place at 5–6 ° C, and long-term oriental beauty can be achieved at 8–12 ° C.
For Camellia, the increased air humidity is important, it can be supported with the help of available tools, household appliances and regular washing of the crown with warm boiled water.
Watering, fertilizing and other care for Japanese camellia
Care for Japanese camellia consists of:
- from accurate watering, the intensity and frequency of which depends on the season and the state of the plant;
- from dressings in spring and summer;
- from pruning, carried out in the second half of autumn and allowing the culture to maintain a compact crown at home;
- from transplanting overgrown bush.
As long as the green pet is in bloom, she needs increased attention. Water the plant very carefully, because in the cold water from the surface of the soil evaporates slowly, and it is not always easy to determine the soil moisture at the roots.
If the root system will be long in the soil saturated with moisture, do not avoid the appearance of rot and other infections.
A little lemon juice or vinegar is added to the settled irrigation water, which improves the well-being of the Japanese camellia and, as in the photo, adds brightness to the colors.
At the budding stage, the shrub should receive regular support in the form of complex fertilizer for azaleas. Fertilizing is carried out in 10–14 days, and in summer the plant can be fertilized only once a month.
Camellia transplantation in Japanese
Young specimens of Japanese camellia are transferred to a new pot annually, but the older the plant, the less frequently this unpleasant shrub procedure is required.
The camellia must be transshipped before the growth is activated, otherwise the culture will long and painfully acclimatize. If there is no urgent need for transplantation, you can simplify the care of Japanese camellia by replacing only the top layer of soil in the pot.
For a Japanese camellia flower, a sour substrate with a pH of about 3.0–5.0 units is needed. If the soil is less or more acidic, it will affect the condition and flowering of the shrub.
The easiest way to plant a capricious plant is to purchase a ready ground for azaleas, and then occasionally increase acidity by adding citric or acetic acid to irrigation water.