..Since this is the ampelous form, and there are also very long creeping, hanging shoots, the cutting of the nematantus is carried out regularly.
Formation of the crown
Nematantus pruning is usually carried out once a year in the autumn after the last flower wilts. To do this, shorten all weak and thin branches by about 1/3 of the entire length. If it is necessary to rejuvenate the plant, the branches of the plant are shortened by half.
Pruning is important for the formation of a thick and beautiful crown, as well as abundant flowering. The lack of pruning leads to a partial dropping of foliage and exposure of the stems.
If the flower winters in a warm room, then the haircut should be repeated with the arrival of spring.
Reproduction of Nematanthus
For the propagation of a flower, two methods are used: rooting of cuttings and sowing of seeds.
vegetative method To do this, use the cuttings remaining after cutting the nematantus. They should be about 8-10 cm in length and have 4-8 internodes on them.
Take only strong and thick cuttings from adult shoots. The material taken from the young, often rotting and poorly rooted.
The stalk is properly prepared: tear down the 4 lower leaves and ensure that the cut passes under the knot. Rooting can be carried out in sphagnum moss, water, peat, or directly in the substrate.
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In the latter version, the planted branches are placed in a greenhouse, where they maintain a temperature of + 22-24 ºC.Roots grow in 2-3 weeks depending on the conditions of detention.
When reproducing nematanthus by cuttings, rooted shoots are transplanted into separate pots with a loose, air- and moisture-permeable substrate( you can take ready for violets) and a good layer of drainage.
grow aerial roots.
Nematantus are planted in a small pot, at the bottom of which a drainage layer is placed. Young nematanta are transplanted annually. Upon reaching 4 years of age, the procedure is carried out annually, and from the age of four - once every 2 years, not forgetting to pick up a pot more than the previous one 1-2 cm in diameter each time.
method For reproduction of nematantus seeds( they ripen in boxes, have very small sizes and resemble dust), the latter are poured onto a white sheet and sown in a previously prepared moist soil, gently tapping the finger over the paper, spreading it evenly over the entire surface. After the soil is covered with glass, the pot( capacity) with drainage hole is placed on the pallet. It is through him that the future sprouts will be watered. When the seeds hatch, the glass begins to periodically remove so that the young ones breathe.
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After 2 weeks, dive sprouts with a change in separate pots of several seedlings each. For grown up young growth is looked after, as well as for an adult plant. Similarly, the cutting of nematantus. Flowering can be expected next year.
With proper care, the plant is completely healthy and happy with abundant flowering. But weakness as a result of negligence leads to problems.
- Mealybugs. These insects hide in the axils of the leaves, and they can only be detected when a white-colored vat-like bloom appears on the foliage. You can eliminate it by treating the plant with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol.
- The plant can also be affected by ticks, aphids and thrips, who like to feed on its juices, thereby infecting with various viral diseases.
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Eliminate pests only by treating the whole plant with insecticides. For example, Biotlin and Antitlin are effective against aphids. Actellic, Fitoverm, Akarin, Kleschevit will save from thrips and aphids.
If the plant is kept in a room with a high temperature, poor ventilation and high humidity, it can be infected with fungi. You can fight the disease by following all the rules of care. If this does not help, it is necessary to treat the fungicidal drug, for example, "Fundazol."
In addition to diseases and pests, nematantus often suffers from:
- "Wet legs" at the same time a low temperature in the cold season, drafts, a sharp temperature drop, as well as the drying of earthen coma in the heat. This is fraught with foliar discharges.
- High temperature in the room and at the same time low humidity can lead to drying of the tips of the foliage.
- The appearance of light brown spots on the leaves is the result of watering with cold water.
- If the foliage turns brown and eventually falls, the reason is water droplets.
Proper care, regular inspection for the presence of pests and diseases, and pruning will help grow a beautiful lush plant that will thank you for your work with bright and abundant flowering.
All about nematantus - video