Contents of the article:
Radish is the most risky seed of
- days, depending on the varietal production time. Planting and caring for radishes does not cause difficulties even in the absence of experience in gardening. To have a root vegetable on the table all summer, you should use some special techniques.
Agricultural technology of radish
When growing radish, you need to know its following features:
- is cold-resistant culture with a possible podzimnym sowing;
- soil for cultivation should be fertile, but without fresh organic matter;
- long daylight creates conditions for shooting, to the detriment of loading;
For planting and caring for radish in the open field choose the illuminated area. Before sowing, the soil is filled with rotted manure, complex mineral fertilizers and well digged. It is better to cook the garden from autumn, and to sow under-winter or in early spring. It should be noted that the seeds are placed in the grooves to a depth of 1 cm and the earth is compacted above them.
For continuous plantings, it is better to use a marker with 5x5 cm teeth. Then the seeds are stacked at the same distance with a uniform depth and compaction. Shoots appear simultaneously, thinning is not required. How to plant a radish every gardener chooses. You can sow a separate bed, make markers from sprouts for tug-like crops or stick along the edges of the beds with other crops.
Sowing seeds with different ripening terms, you can receive products from one bed during a month. For example, radish French breakfast will delight you with delicate crunchy pulp 20 days after germination, and the icicle will have marketability in 45 days. Thus, it is possible to have fresh radish on the table from one sowing period within a month.Read also: Let's learn about the medicinal properties of pumpkin honey
How to get the harvest of early radish
To have a favorite root vegetable in May, you need to take care of this in advance. An open spot is selected on the site for early landing. Later here it will be possible to land heat-loving cultures. There are several ways to grow radishes of the first crop in the open field. For sowing, you need to choose fresh large seeds of early ripening varieties. The seeding rate is 2-3 g / m 2. Sowing of seeds, depending on the region, is carried out at different times - under-winter or in early spring under temporary shelter.
Sub-winter sowing is carried out with a steady onset of cold weather in the prepared furrows. From above sowing harbor thawed soil prepared in advance. In the spring, the seeds will hatch early, since the seedlings appear at 2-3 degrees and withstand return frosts of up to 6 degrees. Another method is winter sowing. In the middle of winter, snow is removed from the bed, seeds are laid out in furrows and covered with peat in a layer of 2 cm.
Sowing radish before winter and in winter allows you to get your first crop a decade earlier than with spring planting. An area with early sprouts is covered at low temperatures, but more often a temporary shelter of arcs is installed above such a bed.
If an early radish is grown as a business, the best way will be sowing seeds using a marker and the distance between the ribbons with a continuous sowing of 40-50 cm. Such placement of the crop will provide care for the plants. The whole area is covered with a film frame with ventilation. Early sowing on the prepared soil is done when the earth has thawed by 2-3 cm. If the morning frost on the soil was stronger than three degrees, the plants water and shade before the sun's rays touch the plant. Radish grows quickly if it has enough moisture and sunlight. Sampling of root crops produced gradually, as they mature.Read also: How to choose a pump for the garden correctly?
Sowing radishes during the summer
Most often use the sowing of early varieties in several terms, every summer month. How to grow radishes at the height of summer, when the light day is longer than 12 hours? Radishes should go to the arrow at the height of summer precisely because of the lighting regime. Therefore, in the summer they artificially shorten the day, covering the garden bed with radish with dark geotextile along arcs. The film can not be covered, since the sun will create an unbearable heat under cover. It is necessary to illuminate the bed for 10-12 hours, only then you can get the roots, and not the arrow with the seeds.
The summer heat interferes with pouring, dries the ground, contributes to the appearance of pests that eat up the leaves, gnaws the roots.
In summer, the beds should be damp, loose and constantly sprinkled with wood ash or tobacco dust. No insecticide on early crop can be used.
When planting a radish a second time depends on the willingness of the owners to withstand the light regime for it daily. If it is possible to provide watering and light day, in the midst of summer, the root crop can be grown using non-arrowed varieties. But on hot days the filling is slow. In the shade radish will release a lot of greens to the detriment of the size of the head. Sowing radish seeds in June is irrational.
Planting radish in July more meets its biology. In the second half of the month, the heat is already subsiding, a shorter sunny day and colder than night. Therefore, in August, get a new wave of tasty root. Planting and caring for radish in the open field ends at the end of September, when large root crops of late varieties are harvested for winter storage.
In order to get radishes in September, radishes should be planted in early August. The beds that are freed from the onions on the turnip will be the best fit. They are well seasoned with fertilizer, loose and enough time before the onset of cold weather is enough to produce marketed radish. Planting radish in August and early September is practiced in areas with warm climates. It ensures the favorable development of root crops even in early October. The Urals should end the growing season in the first half of September. From these climatic conditions proceed, planning the timing of sowing radish seeds for storage.Read also: Ornamental cabbage - growing and care
Greenhouse cultivation of radish
The Siberian climate does not allow the first sowing before May. Therefore, the greenhouse method of spring cultivation of radish in this area is common. Radish is the precursor of tomatoes and peppers in stationary greenhouses. Sowing it is done in April in order to get the first root vegetables by mid-May.
When cultivating radish in a greenhouse, it is important:
- to select greenhouse varieties that are not inclined to sprouting;
- provide plants with light;
- in time to thin out radish sprouts;
- airing, irrigation, loosening required.
If you do not observe the conditions for planting and caring for a radish, a lot of greenery will grow to the detriment of the root crop, but the greenhouse radish leaves are tender and suitable for making salads.
In Japan, radish leaves are considered the most valuable vitamin greens and they are used as food.
Getting the seeds of radish
Radish is an annual crop, so you can get the seeds yourself. To do this, grow seedlings through seedlings. Grown in containers, testes are transplanted into open ground rarely, after 30 cm and between rows in 70. Plants are fed with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers and protect against insects pests.
The pods received on the bush turn yellow in September. These stems are cut, rooted and dried for two weeks and threshed. In Siberia, the testes are grown in a container, in September they are introduced into a greenhouse and grown in closed ground. Threshed seeds are calibrated, leaving only large ones.
Video about a little trick when planting radish