Măr de zahăr - un fruct exotic cu proprietăți vindecătoare.
Sugar apple is a fruit tree that arouses keen interest among gourmets and people who want to learn more about exotic representatives of tropical flora. The fruits of the tree are attractive by the unusual look and taste of , a rich chemical composition, on the basis of which numerous recipes of beauty and health are created.
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. It is a fruit crop developed in the countries of Oceania and Indochina, in South America, China, India and in tropical regions of Africa. The region of origin of the fruit tree is unknown, presumably the territory adjacent to the Caribbean Sea.
A sugar apple is a fruit tree that grows from 3 to 6 m. The branches of the tree are low and grow from a strong trunk. The main shoots branch into smaller ones with numerous pubescent cuttings, in which two rows of matt-green elongated leaves are located. When rubbing between the fingers, the leaves of the tree exude a scent with a hint of
vanilla. Due to this structure, a magnificent zigzag crown is formed near the tree.
The flowers of the fruit tree are formed singly or in a group of 2-4 pieces from the base of the stem of leaves. The elongated shape of the flower is formed from three fleshy outer petals, within which three more smaller ones are hidden. The color of flowers is greenish-yellow, at the base there is a purple spot. The fruit tree flowers are quite large and reach a length of 2.5 to 4 cm. .They open up only for a short period of time for insects to enter the fertilization phase.
The fruit of a sugar apple has a complex structure. It consists of a plurality of segments assembled together, each of which contains an oblong seed of dark brown color from 1 to 1.5 cm in length. Flesh - fibrous, juicy and fragrant , during full ripening, acquires a creamy texture that resembles butter cream to taste. The peel is pale green, may have grayish and bluish shades, in overripe fruits it gets a purple hue. This is a fruit of a rounded shape, reaching a length of up to 10 cm and gaining weight up to 350 g.
Technical ripening of fruits, depending on the region, lasts from June to September .Sugar apple is stored very little, overripe fruits begin to crack the peel and leak out the pulp. Therefore, the fruits of the tree are harvested before ripening; this allows preserving the appearance and quality of the fruit for export to other countries or for sale in the markets of yves and restaurants. From one adult tree collect from 100 to 150 fruits.
The composition of the fruits of the sugar apple
Little-known fruits in our regions are widely used in cooking, cosmetology and traditional medicine in the countries where they are cultivated. It is difficult not to draw attention to the rich chemical composition of the fruits of , in which large quantities are concentrated:
vitamins of group B, A, C, PP;
minerals: phosphorus, sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium;
beneficial trace elements: iron, copper, selenium and zinc.
Oleic, stearic and linoleic acids are present in small quantities.
100 g of the pulp of Annona scaly fruits contain:
water 73.23 g;
carbohydrates 23.64 g;
proteins 2.06 g;
fats 0,29 g.
The energy value of the product is 94 kcal.
Useful properties of Annona scaly
Bioactive compounds contained in the pulp of the fetus, have a beneficial effect on the entire body. When a product is consumed, the body receives nutrients for the beneficial microflora , which helps eliminate pathogenic bacteria. Liver function stabilizes and the increased acidity in the gastrointestinal tract decreases.
Sugar apple is useful for people with the deposition of uric acid salts. The fruit contains vitamins C and PP, active participants in the dissolution and removal of pathological formations during gout, rheumatism and arthritis. Sugar apple juice has a mild diuretic effect and is useful for urinary tract diseases.
The mineral complex collected in the Annon fruits positively affects the formation of blood cells and the activity of the cardiovascular system. The product contributes to the regulation of blood glucose levels, and therefore is especially valuable for the diabetic diet.
The fruit contains a large amount of B vitamins, without which the growth of new collagen fibers and the renewal of tissues of all body structures are impossible. Thanks to these processes, the skin looks taut, hair and nails are distinguished by their strength and healthy shine.