Common Hazel is a deciduous shrub reaching a height of up to 10 meters. This shrub has the healing properties of .Therefore, the people of hazel got the name Hazel.
- Description hazel ordinary
- Hazel tree
- Lombard walnut
- Hazel Manchurian
- heterophyllous hazel
- Horned hazel
- composition and the use of hazelnut
- Planting and caring for trees
- breeding rules and growing
- Susceptibility to disease and pests
Description common hazel
The plant belongs to the Hazel family. Hazelnut leaves are large, with jagged edges, in the fall have a red color .The bark of the bush is brown with transverse stripes. There is a powerful root system that grows very quickly deep in the soil.
After planting, the shrub grows slowly, gradually increasing in height. Flowering occurs before the leaves bloom, in early spring. On the trees, earrings are about 5-7 cm long and about are , are single and are assembled in several pieces. The fruit is an oval-shaped nut, located in a green plyus. Ripening occurs at the end of summer.
In nature, hazel is found in Russia, in the Caucasus, in the Crimea. There are more than 10 types of .
- Common Hazel
- Diversity of
Get the name honey alder
Get the name honey alder
The large hazelnut shrub ( Lombard nut) has grayish branches, up to 15 meters long. The leaves are large, toothed. It does not tolerate frosts. Often grown in the Balkans.
It is a shrub with many trunks, has a trunk length from 3 to 7 meters .The bark of hazel is brown, the leaves are rounded, have a dark green color. The fruits are oblong nuts. Shade-tolerant and frost-resistant. Occurs in Primorsky, Khabarovsk.
Very dense shrub up to 4 meters .Leaves change color. Summer green, spring red, autumn yellow. Shrub loves light, can tolerate shade, frost-resistant, tolerates drought. Fruiting begins early. It grows in the Urals, the Far East and Siberia.
It grows up to 3 meters in height. It has a lush crown and oval leaves of yellow color .Received the name due to the fruit resembling a horn. Grows in North America.
The composition and benefits of hazelnut
Hazelnut, which is called hazel, the most common and favorite types of nuts. Hazelnut is considered a valuable and tasty nut, several times more nutritious than bread and dairy products.
The main mass of the fetus is formed by fats, one fifth of proteins and amino acids. The nut contains a huge number of minerals:
All these healing and healing properties fill the body with energy. Hazelnut fruit oil contains acids that can protect the heart and blood vessels. For the growth and development of the body, the nut is useful for children and the elderly to maintain the strength and health of .In addition, hazelnuts are substances that can cleanse the body, remove toxins. Vitamins, prevent the appearance of cancer cells. Fruits, leaves, bark, roots are used for medicinal purposes. Hazel is a laxative, used for diarrhea. A decoction of the bark of the tree can serve as a remedy for varicose veins.
cosmetic. The use of hazelnuts in cooking is widespread. Walnut is used in the preparation of various dishes, as well as in baking.
Preparations based on hazel are used in cosmetology. Against hair loss use oil and decoction of the leaves of the nut.
But, , along with useful substances, there are also contraindications .It is necessary to eat a limited amount of nuts, otherwise it causes headaches and allergic reactions.
Planting and caring for an
tree When properly planted hazel, choose a free, sunlit place. The tree grows well on any soil, does not like the marshy and sandy areas of .Before planting, it is necessary to prepare a place that will not flood the saplings when spring comes.
Favorable time for planting fall, but you can plant seedlings in spring until the end of April. The distance between the trees with the growth take into account at least five meters. For harvesting, it is necessary to plant three or more, mutually-pollinated shrubs .
Before planting, you need to buy a young seedling, you can dig it in the woods. Prepare a pit by digging a shovel, 80 by 80 cm in size and in depth 80 cm in .Humus, black soil, fertilizer is introduced into each pit and mixed with the ground. Around the seedlings to form a hole and pour water. After the mulching is done with sawdust or grass.
hazel After planting, the young shrub needs to be watered, weeded, fed with fertilizers, treated from pests. After planting young shrubs need to loosen the soil and water, especially in summer in hot weather. Adult tree care does not require much, you need to produce pruning for good fruiting. When buying, you need to be careful of seedlings, seedlings, they bear fruit a few years later, the nut is smaller in size than .Hazel grows in mixed and coniferous forests, in the steppe, along the rivers. Hazel is widespread in Russia, the Caucasus, Europe, and the Primorsky Territory.
Rules for reproduction and cultivation
The vegetative and seed propagation methods differ. Seed method is used when growing seedlings. For sowing, ripe nuts are taken, sown immediately after harvest in September.
Varietal bushes are propagated vegetatively:
- dividing the bush
During the multiplication of layering shoots bend down to the ground and take root, not looking up from the bush. Everything should be done with caution so as not to harm the kidneys, which will give young shoots.
The plant rhizome seedling appears in the third year after planting. One shrub produces more than a hundred shoots, and they are used for reproduction. Three summer rhizomes are separated along the edges of the bush with an ax, shovel or hacksaw. The shoots have weak roots, they are planted in one hole of 3 pieces. And in nurseries they grow about 2 years to strengthen the root system.
Leshchina multiply and dividing the bush .The uprooted shrub is divided into several parts, so that each stump has roots. After planting should be abundant watering, for a good engraftment of the bush. For the third year, such seedlings begin to bear fruit.
In order to propagate by grafting , cuttings are harvested from autumn, and stored in a cool place. Vaccination is done in the spring in the butt, in the split or behind the bark. Better graft vaccination for the cortex. Vaccinations smear with garden pitch and cover with foil. After bud break, the film is removed.
Cuttings of hazel root in greenhouses with high humidity .It is necessary to cut the saplings 10 centimeters long, remove the lower leaves. After that, prepare the composition of sand, peat, soil and humus. Planted cuttings in boxes with wet soil under the film. After 3 weeks, after the roots appear, the film is removed.
Hazel harvesting occurs in the third year, when the bush begins to bear fruit in September.
When shaking wood, nuts that have not fallen off should be given time to ripen. Immediately after ripening, the nuts are not suitable for human consumption. They need to dry out for some time in a dry and ventilated room. Store nuts recommended in bags through which air passes .When harvesting, the ground is heavily trampled under the shrub, it must be loosened, watered and fertilized after it.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Susceptibility to diseases and pests and diseases Hazel is extremely rare. There are many shrub pests :
- Щ Appetus A dangerous pest is the weevil beetle .When spring comes, he eats the leaves, then lay eggs. A larva appears inside the nut, which gnaws all the contents. In the fight against pests, it is necessary to spray the bushes after flowering with a solution of chlorophos or other drugs. Measures are being taken to clean the foliage and damaged nuts near the tree.
A lush and beautiful hazel tree is rarely seen in garden plots, although the shrub is popular. Shrub has many values in medicine, and wood is of particular value in furniture and industrial production .In addition, the shrub is an object of beauty in any garden, especially during flowering.