Content of the article:
There are more than a dozen varieties of actinidia, among which Dr. Shimanovsky has become very popular. Description of the variety will tell you how to plant the plant properly, care for it in order to get a rich harvest.
Actinidia kolomikta Doktor Szymanowski - decoration of any site due to its decorative foliage. This is a tall plant, taking the form of a shrub, creepers of which reach a length of at least 2 m( under favorable growing conditions, their length can reach 5-20 m).The main distinguishing features of the variety are frost resistance( up to –40 ° C), variegatedness, female type of plant, self-pollinating( however, male specimens should also be planted for a rich harvest).
Because of its decorative actinidia, Dr. Shimanovsky self-propelled is most often planted along the walls of houses, gazebos, pre-installed supports in the form of vine trellises. During the landing, observe the distance to the fences and walls of the building( it should be 1.5 m and 2 m, respectively).The distance between plants is 1.0-1.5 m.
The decorativeness of the plant is due to its foliage colored white-pink-green in autumnacquiring yellow, pink or red-purple hues. And the brighter the lighting, the more intense the color of the foliage. It is noteworthy that the characteristic color of the variety appears only after reaching 2-3 years of age.
According to the description of the Actinidia variety, Dr. Shimanovsky at the age of 5( May-June) begins to bloom, releasing small white flowers( with a pestle and yellow stamens) with a lemon scent. Duration of flowering is 20 days.
Berries appear in August( this requires 130 days without frost).Fruiting medium intensity. The average size of the fruit is about 2.5 cm in length, its weight is up to 3 g. The berries are covered with green peel, have a sweet-sour pulp and a smell like pineapple or an apple. As soon as the fruits ripen, they fall off.
Planting and care
Proper planting and care for actinidia colomicta Dr. Shimanovsky is very important for the plant to grow healthy and produce a good harvest.
Planted plants best in partial shade. At a young age, seedlings are shade-tolerant, but with growth they need sunlight.
Actinidia does not like water stagnation and lime, so you can not plant it in places where moisture can accumulate.
The land for actinidia should be slightly acidic or neutral, light, fertile, fertilized with organic type fertilizers.
The root system of the plant is located 25 cm from the ground. Therefore, it is necessary to constantly monitor the soil moisture, preventing overdrying. Insufficient watering provokes dropping foliage. In addition, it is important to mulch the trunk circle with humus or peat. Loosening is not necessary.
From the description of the Actinidia variety, Dr. Shimanovsky it becomes clear that the plant needs 2.5 m high supports.
Considering that actinidia does not like when it is removed from the trellis, it is necessary to make them strong, from durable materials, so that they serve more than one year. Best of all, if it is a design that can be laid down and put together with the vine and sprinkled in the winter.
The pruning procedure is performed to remove broken, diseased shoots, as well as to prevent the thickening of the crown, which reduces the yield of the plant. As a rule, 3 vines are left on the bush and spread it across the trellis.
Pruning is performed at the end of May - early June at the end of spring sap flow or in the fall, then smearing the cuts with garden pitch. The main vines of actinidia should be renewed every 2-3 years. Upon reaching the age of 7-10 years old, actinidia is pruned, leaving only a stump in 30-40 cm.
They do not prune in early spring, as sea anemone may expire juice and die.
Actinidia is used in cooking for cooking various sweets, as well as an ornamental plant, for gardening arbors, walls, fences.