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Blossoming forsythiacovered with hundreds of bright yellow flowers, it is impossible not to notice! If the dacha-maker wants his forsythia to decorate his plot every spring, planting and leaving in the open field are the key stages on the path to success.
In Europe, perennial shrubs, one of the first to break the monochrome of early spring, came from Asia and were named after the botanist who brought the first seedlings to the Old World. Today, forsythia is the most popular species for landscaping and creating hedges.
How and when to arrange forcing and caring forsythia in the open field at the dacha? What do you need shrubs for friendly growth?
Conditions for planting forsythia in open ground
Forsythia is an amazing plant that changes its appearance every season. In the spring - it is devoid of leaves, but densely covered with flowers branches. In summer, the bush covers the greens, which in the fall changes color to golden or purple. Looking for a place for Forsythia, you should pay attention to areas where the shrub will be clearly visible and lighted.
Although forsythia tolerate being in the shade, the bush forms more dense and level in the sun. The plant is undemanding to soil fertility, but it develops better on the soil with an alkaline reaction, good drainage. Culture:
- is undemanding to care;
- has excellent frost resistance, simplifying the wintering of forsythia in open ground;
- tolerates drought well;
- responds well to shearing and can be used to grow hedges.
There are two options for landing forsythia in the ground: in spring and autumn. In the first case, the young shrubs immediately begin to grow after acclimatization, giving new shoots. Shrubs transferred to the garden in the fall only take root, and come into growth after wintering.
for your site Timing of forsythia planting in the ground
The time for transferring seedlings to the garden is chosen depending on the region and the quality of planting material. Many nurseries today offer young plants with a closed root system. Saplings grown in containers are transplanted along with an earthy clod, so the roots do not suffer, the shrub easily and quickly adapts to the new place of residence. A summer resident is guaranteed easy care for forsythia in the open field after planting, whenever it happens: in spring, summer or autumn.
For seedlings with an open root system, planting is better in the spring months, when the threat of sudden frost has gone, or in the fall, about a month before the onset of seasonal cold. During this period, the shrub is acclimatized and can prepare for winter.
Since the climatic conditions in the regions of the country are very different, there is a significant difference in the time of planting and caring for Forsythia in the open field, in the Moscow region and, for example, in central and northern Siberia, where the heat comes later and the summer is much shorter:
- planting plants in the garden, their adaptation and rooting will drag on, and the shoots devoted to the summer will not have time to get stronger before the onset of frost.
- Early spring planting threatens to freeze the buds, the tops of the shoots, and in case of severe frosts on the soil - damage to the growth points and roots.
In the fall, forsythia planting in the ground also depends on weather and climatic conditions and can vary even within one region, for example, as large as the Urals. If in the south gardeners live according to a calendar similar to that used by summer residents of the middle lane, in the north the weather is much more severe and changeable.
Planting forsythia in open ground
Forsythias prefer dry, drained soil and do not tolerate stagnant moisture in the soil. Therefore, at the bottom of the planting pits with a depth of 60 and a width of 50 cm, powerful drainage is made of broken brick, expanded clay or gravel. It is especially important not to neglect this measure in areas with dense, water retaining soil and where groundwater is too close. An example would be the landing and care of forsythia in the Leningrad region.
200 grams of sifted wood ash is mixed into each pit in the ground. Substrate poured a mound, which sides straighten the roots of the shrub. After filling the pit, the soil is compacted and watered abundantly at the rate of 10–15 liters per plant. In the fall after planting forsythia, care for the shrub is in the thick mulching of the trunk circle. This will help save water in the soil and protect the roots from overcooling.
Mulch will help in the spring, especially where summer is coming rapidly, and the soil dries quickly, becoming covered with a dense impenetrable crust.
Forsythia care after planting in the open field
Forsythia has an important advantage - undemanding and lack of any special care. In the warm season, shrubs that grow quickly with minimal maintenance need:
- for watering, if there is no natural precipitation, and the soil under the plants is completely dried out;
- in maintaining the cleanliness and looseness of pristvolny circles;
- in triple feeding;
- in a haircut that helps maintain the health and shape of the crown.
In hot, dry times, the plants are watered once or twice a month, and the soil is loosened, weeded and mulched. Lowland peat mixed with humus and wood ash can be used as mulch. Such a composition is the protection of the roots from overheating and an excellent fertilizer of prolonged action. In addition, shrubs respond well to the introduction of full mineral fertilizers before and after flowering.
In the second half of the summer, do not fertilize the shrubs with nitrogen. It will cause active growth of young shoots, which, even with proper planting and care for forzition, in the Urals, in Siberia and in the middle lane will not have time to mature and die with the onset of frost.
An important part of the care of forsythia is trimming bushes. For sanitary purposes, the removal of dead, old or damaged branches is carried out in the spring, and the haircut to maintain shape - in early summer, when the mass flowering is completed. More recently, shoots yellow from flowers can be shortened to half the length, and old branches are cut above the ground so that several buds remain at the base.
Once every 3 to 4 years, the forsythia is rejuvenated by evenly cutting off all the shoots by half or two-thirds of the length. Over the summer, the plant will restore the crown, which will be thick, uniform and young, so that next spring to please the friendly bright flowering.
In most regions, the plant winters excellently without shelter. If the winters are light-snowed, before wintering, the forsythia in the open ground is gently inclined to the ground, fixed and covered with spruce leaves or dense non-woven material. At the first opportunity shrubs snow.
In the fall, another way of forsythia breeding in open ground is possible. In a small school, organized in a quiet place, protected from the wind and flooding, lignified cuttings are planted. For the remainder of the cold season, the seedling will give roots, and 2–3 buds left above the ground surface will wake up in spring and form a young shrub crown. Next fall, these plants can be planted in a permanent place.