Lighting for growing vreezii at homeSouth America. We, the inhabitants of the middle zone, grow vriezesia at home, but beyond the ocean, in Brazil and Argentina, plants live in humid mountain forests, settling the soil in the root zone of trees and as epiphytes in the upper tier.
Numerous genus, named in memory of the Dutch wildlife researcher V. de Vriesze, unites 250 different species. The original appearance of plants with bright leaves and unusual inflorescences attracted lovers of indoor crops, and today more than a hundred varieties of varieces are used for gardening living rooms and in offices.
Description of Vriesia
Like most members of the bromeliad family, Vriesia has a very recognizable appearance. The first thing the florist will notice is a wide rosette of pointed, linear leaves. Many species have a mottled coloration. Plant sizes can be very different. The length of the leaves varies from 20 to 80 cm. In addition to the leaf outlet, flower growers engaged in the cultivation of Vriezii in the home, interested in its flowering.
Flowers themselves can hardly be called decorative. They are very small, collected in spike-shaped inflorescences and hidden by large bracts. It is their bright color and shape that sometimes cause delusions of beginning flower growers.
A high peduncle growing from the rosette center, decorated with elegant bracts of red, pink, yellow or orange color, gives the flower a unique look for a very long time. When flowering ends, at the base of the rosette appear the beginnings of daughter plants. A little later, when they grow up, they plant the home flower of Vriezia, carefully separating the children.
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Amateur growers who have long grown vriezia at home know that this green pet does not cause much trouble. However, its flowering should be expected no earlier than 3-4 years after planting.
Unwillingness to bloom is a characteristic of many bromeliads, such as pineapple. It is good that even at home, plants can be “fooled” by covering the pot with a vriezia bag and placing a couple of apple slices inside. The release of ethylene stimulates the formation of flower buds.
Lighting when growing vrieisia at home
Based on the description of vriezii and analysis of the conditions in which the plant lives in nature, we can conclude that at home the flower needs penumbra, stable warm air, loose breathable soil and regular watering.
Best of all, the plant will show its beauty on the western or eastern windows. The pot can be put on the window sill, entering to the north, but here the flower will not be too comfortable in winter.
If Vriesia will be under direct sunlight, it is possible:
- the appearance of burns on the leaves, their twisting or drying;
- clarification of decorative coloring of foliage;
- cessation of growth;
- rejection of flowering.
Vriesia thermophilic. In the summer, she will be comfortable at a temperature of +24 to +28 ° C.In the fall and winter, when caring for the home vreeze, they maintain a temperature range of 20–22 ° C.If the air is colder than 18 degrees, the plant loses its ability to absorb water and nutrients. It weakens and may die.
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Features of irrigation of varieces
Under the canopy of tropical forest air and soil are never dry. This should be remembered by flower growers who grow Vriesia at home.
The optimum air humidity is 60–80%.The substrate must be moistened as the upper layer dries.
In the hot season and in the heated period, the soil dries out especially quickly. Therefore, it is more convenient to put the pot in a low pan filled with wet expanded clay or moisture absorbing balls from a special gel.
When the room is cold, the plant becomes sensitive to excess moisture. Watering vriezii spend very carefully, be sure to drain the excess water flowing into the pan.
For irrigation use warm distilled water, it is important that moisture does not stagnate in the core of the leaf outlet.
If the house has potted flowers of Vriezia grown as an epiphyte on fragments of a tree, they are watered differently. Since the soil around the root system is small, the lower part of the plant is once a week completely immersed in irrigated moisture for 20–30 minutes or sprayed abundantly from a spray bottle.
Soil for a home flower of vriesia
There are no special requirements for soil from varieces of different types, the main thing is that the soil should be light and structured.
For the planting of young specimens and transplanting plants after purchase, ready-made compositions for bromeliads or a mixture based on equal parts will be suitable:
- of leaf and sod land;
- peeled peat;
- washed sand;
- chopped softwood bark;
Before planting, the substrate is useful to warm in the oven or disinfect in another way. Otherwise, there is a danger of damage to pests and diseases.
A thick layer of expanded clay is poured at the bottom of the pot before planting. If you do not drain, the roots of a home culture that needs high humidity may rot.
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Transplanting and other aspects of home care for ASRI3D
For the first time, a flower is transferred to a new soil immediately after purchase, a plant is transplanted at another time as needed. It is better if this happens in spring, when the growing season is activated, and possible damage will be quickly repaired.
The base of the socket must not be buried, as well as to prevent pieces of soil in the core. If there are large children on the mother plant at the time of transplantation, they are carefully separated from the outlet and transferred to their pots filled with a light substrate.
After transplantation, vriezia is fed only after one month using liquid ready-made preparations for bromeliads. Fertilizer is applied on wet soil, not exceeding the recommended dose.
Carefully caring for vriezii, you can long enjoy its bright greens and original flowering. Although this plant is very resistant, frequent waterlogging, cooling, or improperly selected soil can cause damage to Vriezii diseases and pests, for example, root rot or mealybugs.
Interesting facts about Vriesia - video