Contents of the article:
dragon as a house plant, for a long time at home. It grows, the root system develops, and the dishes become cramped, there is not enough nutrition. Properly transplanted dracaena, traumatizing the roots as little as possible, knowledge of the basic techniques will help.
When you need to transplant a flower
Any plant, even with the most accurate change of coma around the roots, is injured. Food occurs through small shoots from the visible root, they are gentle and damaged from moving around the soil. Therefore, transplanting dracaena traumatic, is done only when necessary. However, overgrown roots, depleted soil, and changes in its composition lead to inadequate plant nutrition:
- Transplanting of dragon plants is required if the plant purchased at the store is in the transport ground. Usually such flowers are delivered from Holland. If the container is spacious enough and the flower is grown in local farms, you can not hurry with a transfer.
- The plant has grown, and the roots do not fit in the pot, go out into the drainage holes.
- Dracaena stopped growing, yellow leaves appeared, is in one pot more than the recommended period.
- Signs of overflow, root rot, or deterioration of substrate quality have appeared.
- In the soil, the larvae of flies, pests.
If the plant is in a satisfactory condition, the transplant is carried out in the spring, when tissue regeneration is best. In critical cases, transplantation is carried out at any time of the year.
How to transplant drapesa at home correctly
In order to properly perform a container change, a number of conditions must be met. So, the size of the pot must match the growth dratsyIf the stem has grown to 40 cm, the pots with a diameter of 15-20 cm in the shape of a glass will be just right. Each next transplant requires a capacity of 6 cm more so that there is 3 cm left from the wall to the clod with roots. When the plant becomes so large that changing the tub becomes a problem, it is necessary to remove the upper layer of the earth as far as possible.
Plant survival and its further development depends on:
- the correct composition of the soil mixture;
- meet hygienic requirements during transplantation;
- ensure recovery conditions of roots after transplantation.
The composition of the substrate can be made independently or you can buy ready-made mixture for palm trees. It is believed that the purchased land contains all the necessary additives in the form of trace elements. Any mixture before laying in the tank must be sterilized. The composition of the substrate prepared at home:
- turf ground -2 parts;
- peat - 1 part;
- leaf ground - 2 parts;
- compost - 1 part.
Additive to the substrate of vermiculite and birch ground coal is welcome. You can add a little ceramic chips - crushed red brick. For the drainage layer is used claydite, pebbles, broken glass. Recycled clay can not be used again; it absorbs harmful salts.
Tap water is treated with chemicals. For irrigation of indoor plants, you can use defended softened water with the addition of activated carbon. It is better not to use rain or snow water in urban pollution.
The transfer container can be made of any material. A prerequisite is the presence of drainage holes and its stability, that is, the small taper of the glass. Wash the container with hot water and soap.
Tools used during transplantation - pruner, scissors must be clean. Water used for irrigation is soft, defended.
How to transplant dracaena at home, video:
As can be seen from the video tutorial, the work must be carried out carefully, keeping the root system as much as possible. This is especially important when the plant is already arranged in a container and it is necessary to carefully compact the soil around it. The lesson shows in detail how to transplant dracenum after purchase. Just carefully, straightening the roots, planted cuttings and the top of the dragon, if the young plant is propagated at home.
More often it is necessary to replant an adult plant. If a healthy dracaena that needs additional volume is transplanted, transshipment is done. In order to remove the lump from the container without breaking it is necessary to dry the soil for 2 days. Then anyone worth a little podkovyrnut and the plant when tilted easily out, keeping the shape.
In the already prepared vessel with a drainage layer and sprinkled with earth, the flower is placed in the center and sprinkled on all sides with compaction. At the end, the plant should be poured abundantly, because before the transplant it was a little dried. After this, create sparing conditions for restoring the root system. Two weeks the plant is contained in moderate light and a temperature of 20-22 degrees.
How to transplant dracaena in another pot with revision of the root system?
If a clod of earth is deeply entwined with roots, it will be necessary to remove some of them during transplantation. The root grows quickly and restores performance in a few days. Therefore, the roots straighten and lower part of them removed with scissors or shears.
In the new container it is important that the root neck of an adult plant remains at the same level. Therefore, the ground under the roots is adjusted, the roots spread on the surface and gently pour the substrate, slightly compacting, so as not to tear the roots. When the pot is full, watering is done. From above, to avoid evaporation, you can lay a layer of expanded clay. But check the dryness of the soil only under it, so as not to overflow.
If the plant has been transfused, and root rot is possible, the dragon roots are transplanted at home with cutting the diseased parts. Sections need to be powdered with crushed coal. For the diseased plant to create the best conditions for survival. But you need to know that the main cause of poor survival is overflow. A weak root system at the time of transplantation easily rots.
Errors florists when transplanting dracaenas
Usually, the transplant procedure is painless, and the plant feels good. On the forums, complaints about dying after transplanting plants are found. Observe all soil preparation recommendations. You can not take a pot "for growth".The land in which the roots do not work, sours and poisons the plant. In addition, moisture accumulates in the stagnant zone, and putrefactive processes are provoked. The plant is ill from overflowing, and the hostess waters it again, trying to revive.
The first two weeks after transplantation, the dracaena should be treated like a baby. No need to disturb her, create good conditions, eliminate drafts, and everything will work out for you.