hibernating the bushes of the bushautumn landscape in a country yard. This plant blooms in late summer and autumn, at a time when most ornamental crops have faded long ago.
Budley - what is it?
Budlea belongs to the family of Norichnikovs. Its homeland is considered to be Asia, South Africa and America. The name of the plant was given on behalf of the botanist Adam Baddle.
People commonly call autumn lilac for the similarity of the shape of its inflorescences with the traditional lilac. The flowers of the plant have a strong honey aroma that attracts various insects, including butterflies. Therefore, this shrub is often called the moth tree or a magnet for butterflies.
Flower growers know more than 100 species of budley, both evergreen and deciduous. This may be grassy plants or shrubs, sometimes reaching 3 meters in height. The shape, color and size of the inflorescences are also very diverse. Plants bloom for a long time: from mid-late summer to late autumn.
On the bush, you can see buds that simultaneously open, inflorescences, only emerging buds and already established fruits.
Despite the fact that the plants are home to countries with a warm climate, in the colder regions it is also possible to plant budly and care in the open field. For the winter you need to cover the shrub to the ground part of the plant is not affected by frost.
How to propagate a buddely
A multiplication of a buddy is possible in two ways. Each of them has its own right to apply.
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Reproduction by seeds
This is a very time-consuming method. Seeds can be bought in a specialty store or collected from the bush in late autumn. But if the seeds collected by themselves will grow, it depends on whether they ripen well enough. The fact is that, for example, planting a budley and care in Siberia in the open field are possible. But time for ripening in seeds in a cold climate is not enough. Therefore, it is better to give preference to purchased seeds.
The soil used for sowing should have a neutral acidity. Seeds, as they are very small, it is better to mix with sand. They are sown on loose soil and slightly pressed. The container is covered with a film or glass. Watering is done with a spray. The container is placed in a warm and bright place.
Planting material should be aired and humidified regularly. The first shoots appear at 14-21 days. At the stage of appearance of 3-4 leaflets seedlings dive into separate pots. Only with the onset of persistent heat in the spring does the planting and care of budley in the ground outdoors begin.
Reproduction by cuttings
For reproduction by cuttings, you can use young spring shoots 15-20 centimeters long or cut in the fall, stiffened twigs. On the cuttings, the lower buds are removed and the growth stimulator is processed. Twigs are sunk into the ground by 3-5 cm and covered with a film. Rooting takes place over two months. The film is removed only after the appearance of new shoots.
Regardless of which plant breeding method is chosen, it is better to produce the first stages of germination and rooting at home. Planting and care for budeley in the open field is possible only after the onset of heat.
Features of planting and caring for the bucket
Choose sunny and protected from strong winds and drafts to select places for planting bushes.
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The soil the plant prefers moist and well fertilized.
The distance between the bushes should be quite large( approximately 1-1.5 meters), as the plant grows rapidly.
When planting and care in the open field, the budley should be cut regularly. In the first year after planting, young shoots are cut to half. The next year, pruning newly grown stems. It is recommended to leave 2 buds on them.
Pruning not only helps to form a bush of the desired shape, it contributes to a longer life of the plant, and stimulates active flowering.
Wintering bushes will be bored
To get a luxurious flowering bush it is not enough to ensure a better fit and maintenance in the ground. Wintering in the warmth is the main condition for good growth and wild flowering. Budlea is very demanding in terms of wintering conditions, since there is practically no severe frost in her native aureole of growth. In the climatic conditions of the middle zone, the ground part of this southern plant( if it is not covered) completely freezes out in winter. Only the roots hidden in the ground remain alive, capable, under favorable conditions, of giving new growth to the spring.
In order to be able to admire the flowers in the fall, planting and caring in the soil in the Moscow region implies the creation of special conditions for the wintering period. Approximately from the end of July, it is necessary to stop producing any types of plant nutrition, including the mulching of tree trunks with compost. Also, from this period it is not necessary to apply ash and other fertilizers into the soil. This is necessary for the plant to have time to prepare for winter.
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The signal that the plant has to be sheltered, are, began to turn black leaves. This usually happens in October or November. To cover the bush should choose a dry sunny day. The shelter should be constructed in the following order:
- Sprinkle the bush with dry earth to the level of the third kidney.
- Cut the protruding stems, leaving branches about 20 cm long.
- Cover the bush with spruce branches.
- Cover the structure from above with a large wooden box.
- Place a ruberoid or slate on top of the drawer to protect the shelter from the rain.
Sufficient air should be enough for a safe winter. Therefore, the film and sawdust are unsuitable for insulation. Beneath them, the branches of a plant, as well as its roots, can trail.
The construction of winter shelters makes it possible to plant and leave in the open field in the Urals, and even in Siberia. In these regions with cold winters, preserving the plant is much more difficult, but still possible. The main thing is to wait for persistent spring heat without frost, and only then open the bush. Snow also helps to warm the thermophilic plant well. It retains heat well inside the shelter.
When growing crops in harsh conditions uncharacteristic of it, one should rely on wild varieties grown from seeds of plants. Seeds also, it is desirable to be collected from the bushes grown in the middle lane, and not in hot countries. This fact, combined with proper care and proper organization of wintering, will help you grow a wonderful exotic plant in the garden.
Growing seed buds - video