A young cherry-bearing cherries in the suburbs _ n ’, AS AS AS AS AS AS AS AS Ч Ч Ч Ч Ч Ч Пл Пл Пл Пл Пл ПлColony cherry is still a rarity in the gardens near Moscow, and there are few varieties. Varietal properties of the column are transmitted by seeds. Therefore, you can multiply the sweet cherry seedlings on a cherry stock and sowing seeds. The tree grows up to 3 meters in height. Fragile wood can not withstand, you need to provide support.
Features of columnar trees
The columnar cherry is a trunk that grows only upwards due to the conductor. Skeletal branches are short, together with fruit, they create a crown, the shape of a vertical cylinder. When buying a seedling, you need to make sure that the upper bud is alive, otherwise the column will not be able to grow.
Colan-shaped cherries require better light and wind protection. They do not require pruning, but do not tolerate drying out of the ground and the close standing of groundwater. Compact tree easily shelters from the cold. In industrial horticulture, cherry orchards are preferred from colonic cherry varieties.
- the early growth of the tree is high, the fruit is planted in the year of planting the grafted seedling, but it is dazzled;
- tastes of berries are excellent, not inferior to trees of ordinary formation, often self-bearing;
- compactness facilitates the maintenance of the column; only light sanitary pruning is required;
- decorative high - columnar cherries are still rare, they create an unexpected accent in landscape design.
Despite the declared self-fertility, it is necessary to assemble several sweet cherries of different varieties, the yield will significantly increase if the CEM variety is used as a pollinator.
Colony-shaped varieties of sweet cherries in industrial gardens
Creating colony-shaped varieties of sweet cherries is a requirement of industrial gardening. Scientific methods of exposure when obtaining a variety are used:
- selection in a biological form;
- agricultural practices;
- surgical and mechanical stress.
Read also: Large-fruited cherries variety Bullish heart for summer residents of central Russia
As a result, early ripeness and yield of gardens increases. Cherry industrial gardens are formed everywhere with a perspective on the yield of each column of 8-10 kg. The following schemes are used:
- planting density of up to 13,300 trees per hectare:
- planting patterns - 2.0x1.5 and 3.0x2.5 meters;
- column height up to 2 meters.
Cultivate special compact trees that can be cultivated in containers and trays, which allows you to protect the trees in the winter and advance industrial gardening to the north.
Sweet cherries in the gardens of the Moscow region
The Helen and Sylvia varieties are considered to be the best for the Moscow region. Cherry Silvia is very fruitful, has ruby large berries with the taste of the same as Iput. The tree is of medium frost resistance, but in the Moscow region it is better to protect it from frost and wind. Berry ripen on June 12-18.
Read also: Planting potatoes in the Urals
The Helena variety has the same resistance and yield. But her berries are tighter, the flesh is red, with pink veins. Harvest ripens a week later. Dessert variety. Columns grow under a height of 3 meters, up to a meter in cross section. Fruiting lasts 15-25 years.
Variety Sed is a pollinator, has berries weighing 10-12 grams, but tasty. The trunk is the same height as the large-fruited. Fruits 15 years. In addition to the already recognized varieties, Queen Mary, Little Sylvia, Black Kolonovidnaya become popular. These varieties are less tall - up to 2.5 meters.
Planting and care
Colony cherry seedlings are grown on a cherry stock in containers or with an open root system. When choosing a seedling, you should make sure:
- upper conductor kidney is alive, not broken;
- trunk smooth, bark smooth, without damage;
- roots without rot, live - in the container is not visible, the seller must be reliable;
- leaves are healthy, characteristic color without tonal stripes.
Read also: Delicate and fragrant cherry seedless cherry jam
Several trees must be chosen at the same age.
Choosing a place for trees, remember, you can not plant a sweet cherry in the valley, in the wind and in the shade. Each tree should be planted in fertile soil, without nitrogen mineral fertilizers. Planting of columnar cherry is conducted in spring, and the fruit pit is prepared in advance. The earth must be fertile, loose, neutral.
Planting on a bed will give the roots more heat, the ground on the knoll is warming up earlier. With prolonged heavy rains there will be no stagnant moisture. The flower bed should be sown with cultural herbs, mowed and mulched tree trunk.
Care colon-shaped sweet cherry loves easy. Earth should be kept wet. Pruning is not needed, the plant itself grows only up. The barrel must be whitened with chalk in the fall. The main thing is to prevent diseases. Where the columns grow there should be no weeds, all plant residues in the fall are removed to a clean field. The earth is loosened, absorbed in oxygen. In the spring, protective measures are carried out as for all fruit trees.
Fruiting of young colonic cherry - video