Processing of potatoes before planting is a crucial stage in the preparation of seed material. Proper processing - the key to a good harvest. And the best way to combat plant diseases and insect pests is prevention.
As a preseeding protection, before germinating seeds, you can soak or spray the tubers with the help of folk remedies. It helps to increase germination. From pests tubers need to be pickled with special preparations.
- The process before planting
- against Colorado potato beetle
- To improve
- yield from diseases
- stimulator of growth after germination
- Normal presowing
- wireworms From aphids
- Planting potatoes
- than processed seed potatoes before planting
- substances to be applied to seed potatoes
- Copper sulfate
- Herbal Spray
- Boric Acid
- Wood ash
- Soaking potatoes before planting
What to process before planting
What and how to process the potatoes is up to you. And the harvest depends on the right choice of method and composition for processing .
COMput in the hole before planting
To increase the yield
This speeds up seedlings, and improves average yields by 15% .From
- Process earth from Phytophthora solution lake M-1
- Process tubers copper sulphate solution or mixture fitosporin M .
Stimulator of growth after germination
Epin - an immune stimulator for potatoes. Helps survive the plant freeze and stimulates intensive growth and branch formation, which increases productivity by 50%.
Poteyn is a proven stimulant that accelerates germination by a week, strengthens the resistance of the stems to damage and increases the yield by 20%.
Bioglobin is a new generation stimulator. Made on the basis of mammalian placenta and causes a short-term doubling of the rate of cell growth. Using the drug according to the instructions, the yield is doubled.
Ordinary pre-sowing treatment
Against the wireworm, the seed potatoes are processed with the following substances:
- D_DDIt helps to protect from pests to the formation of the first 4 leaves.
- Prestige .It can be used on all varieties of potatoes, except for early varieties.
When processing tubers with the preparation Commander , potatoes are protected not only from aphids, but also from the wireworm and the Colorado potato beetle.
In order to speed up the vegetation process of a plant, so that the plant grows healthy and with good immunity, in order to protect the plant from many diseases, seed potatoes must be subjected to a gardening process. Sunlight, falling on the skin of tubers, "turns on" the plant's photosynthesis process, thereby stimulating its growth .
The process is autumn and spring. In the autumn, spread seed potatoes in good, dry weather in a sunny place. Tubers are turned from time to time as they are planted.
In the spring, potatoes are also laid out in a well-lit place, and also turned over as they are dyed green. But you need to monitor the temperature regime( +10 +12 degrees).Sometimes, when the weather permits, they take it outside, tempering the planting material in this way.
tubers. How to process potato seeds before planting
In order to get good material for planting potatoes that do not carry hereditary diseases, you need to take seeds( not tubers) from fruits formedin the fall on a potato plant, wash them and dry .
In the spring process these seeds with microelements, and plant on seedlings. It should be borne in mind that picking such a seedling does not tolerate very well. When harvesting from such plants, you need to choose the best specimens in form and quality, regardless of size.
Substances for use on
seed potatoes Manganese
Potassium permanganate solution is used to process potatoes before planting .On one bucket of water stir one gram of potassium permanganate. Prepared for planting tubers put in the solution for 40 minutes.
A copper sulphate solution is used for the same purposes as potassium permanganate. On one bucket of water you need to put 10 grams of vitriol and the same amount of zinc sulfate.
The treatment of tubers before planting is performed by Fitosporin M from phytophthora .60 milliliters of Fitosporin M liquid is added to one liter of water.
It is applied either by by spraying a plant, or by applying to the ground. On a bucket of water you need to dilute 2 grams of aktar. Once sprinkle the plants before flowering, the second time after digging potatoes.
A 10% solution of ammonia 10 ml of a bucket of water is used to process the tool and spray the bushes from the nematode .
When the scab appears, bed is treated with a solution of boric acid. In a bucket of water diluted 6 grams. This amount must be poured into 10 square meters of soil.
The drug is well suited for preplant potato tubers. After processing the planting material, it forms a protective "shell" through which such diseases as fusarium, rot, fomoz do not penetrate. At 1 liter of water diluted 40 ml of the drug and sprayed tubers.
Namely: destroys almost all potato pests. The drug is endowed with fungicidal properties. Namely: it prevents the penetration into the plant of almost all diseases.
To process the planting material with this drug, you need to prepare a solution.100 ml of the drug is added to 1 liter of water. Tubers are sprayed with this solution, and after about a couple of hours, when they dry, you can begin planting in the ground.
Huge field of application makes ash indispensable in its garden. In a solution of wood ash( about 100 grams per bucket), potatoes are soaked before planting .
After bathing seed potatoes in a solution of potassium permanganate or copper sulfate, it is sprinkled with ashes. It is placed in a place for planting potatoes at the rate of 100 grams per square meter.
Ash not only plays the role of potash fertilizer and disinfects seed and earth, but also scares off such pests as the leaf beetle.
Soaking potatoes before planting
Farmers soak potato tubers before planting for two days in a special solution that feeds seed material.
They say that plant germination improves, the rate of tuber formation increases, and the total potato yield increases by 15 percent .
Soaking solution is very easy to make with your own hands. In a bucket of water, you need to dissolve 40 grams of nitrogen fertilizer , then the same superphosphate and another of potassium salt .For soaking 50 kilograms of potato tubers, this should be enough.
In order to grow a healthy, powerful and prolific potato plant, the possibility of disease and pest damage to potatoes must be avoided.
Thorough soil preparation, planting material selection and potato processing before planting make it much easier. And knowing how to do it all right, you can grow a crop of potatoes, which all neighbors will envy.