The Borovinka apple variety is one of the oldest varieties. Many gardeners have chosen it for planting on areas due to their positive qualities:
- Early fruiting.
- High yield.
- Resistant to frost and disease.
- Characteristic of Borovink
- History of
- Characteristic of trees and fruits
- Advantages and disadvantages
- Bolotov at the beginning of the 19th century and more than 150 years ago, the scientist M. V. Rytov wrote that apples of this variety are tasteless and equate them with the variety Antonovka. At the same time, the North Americans liked the variety and they began to grow it in their gardens, where it was named Oldenburg.
Western Europeans also began to grow Borovinka. The apple tree has spread throughout the regions of Russia. In different places it was called differently. She was called:
- Pouring Kharlamov.
For the entire existence of the variety, the origin has not been established.At present, it is generally accepted that this variety was the result of the popular selection of .On the basis of Borovinka breeders bred more than two dozen varieties.
Characteristics of trees and fruits
Variety Borovinka gardeners grown in many Russian regions. The apple tree is high and grows to 4.5 m. Sparse crown with a diameter of 5.5 m, oval. Smooth, green branches have a brown shade .Wide, rounded leaves with gloss, dark green color are located at an angle of 90 degrees to the shoot.
Apple varieties of this variety with thin, long petioles of dark crimson hue. This variety is always early and abundant flowering. White inflorescences with a slight pink shade of medium size.
Apples grow from 90 to 200 grams of .Correct, rounded shape. The color of the apple is green, of a light shade, but usually light yellow on the sides are red stains. The skin on the apples is smooth, with a slight waxy coating. Juicy, dense pulp. Sweet and sour taste. Used fresh, as well as jam, compote, dried. Produce juices. Cooked apples are cooked.The Borovinka variety differs from other varieties in dents on the leaves.
Advantages and disadvantages of
Many gardeners have chosen this variety, but what is it good for?
- Early ripe grade .
- Can grow in any conditions .
- Does not need special care .
- Abundant harvest .
- Frost resistant .
- The fruits are good in fresh and processed form .
- High resistance to pests and diseases.
- Fruits with mild taste .
- Poorly growing in the heat of and drought.
- Ripe apples fall from the tree.
- Fragile branches.
According to its positive characteristics, it is clear that Borovinka can be grown in any garden without much effort .For plants, watering during drought is important.
Apples of this variety
On the basis of Borovinka variety, many species are derived. These include:
Borovinka Akulovskaya Borovinka pineapple Borovinka red Pink excellent
- Borovinka pineapple .A variety of late ripening. Apples are juicy. Pleasant sweet-sour taste. Apples from 80 to 120 grams. You can save until March. Not prone to scab.
- Orange .Late maturityThe apples grow to 150 grams. Persist until June. Resistance to freezing. Not sick scab.
- Pink excellent .Early ripe. Apples weighing up to 150 grams with a bright blush. Small shelf life - 10 days. Sick fruit rot and scab.
- Borovinka Sergeeva .Summer variety. Ripening at the end of summer. Fruits up to 150 grams. Up to ten days are saved. Apple is hardy and high-yielding.
- Borovinka red .Medium ripening. Juicy apples. Saturated red color and sweet-sour taste. Weight is 100 grams. The tree is frost resistant. Not subject to disease.
- Borovinka Akulovskaya .Medium ripening. Apples weighing 90 grams. Have green color of a light shade with a small flush. Stored until spring. Harsh winters can freeze slightly, but quickly restore the crown. Should be treated with powdery mildew.
Apple trees begin to bear fruit from 4 years of age. Stable and high yields. With a 20 year old tree you can collect more than 100 kg of apples. In the southern regions they ripen at the end of the summer. In other regions, fruit ripening occurs in September.
Since the variety is self-productive, the requires planting pollinator varieties. The following varieties are suitable for Borovinka:
- Astrakhan red.
- Cinnamon striped.
- Astrakhan white.
Planting and care
It is possible to grow Borovinka from seeds, but no one can predict the taste and size of the fruit. But experiment lovers can grow Borovinka seedlings from seeds. Such seedlings can later be used as a stock. These seedlings are grafted with varietal plants from which excellent yields are obtained.
It is best to buy seedlings in special nurseries, where they grow seedlings. Biennial plants bear fruit much faster than seedlings of a different age.
When buying, pay attention to the condition of the plant. If the root system is open, then it should have a good lobe. Roots should not be dried or rotten .The elevated part must also have a healthy appearance. Those plants that are purchased with closed roots can be planted at any time, but apple trees with an open root system need to be planted directly into the soil or put into the water before planting.
For apple trees to grow well, they require loamy or chernozem soil .It is better if the groundwater will be more than 1.5 m deep. The earth should be light and pass moisture and air.
For planting, use the following tool:
- Level, take twine and stakes as it.
- Small pebbles or crushed stone as drainage.
- For garters need pegs.
Fertilizers are also needed for planting.
Apple trees are best planted in the fall .Planted at this time the plants take root better. Pit cook a month before planting. Possible landing in the spring, but then the wells for planting should be prepared in the fall.
Dig a hole 60 cm deep and 1 m in diameter in the selected area. Pour 10-15 cm of drainage to the bottom. Fertilizer mixed with soil. At 1 pit should be made:
- Manure 5-7 kg.
- Peat 8-10 kg.
- Superphosphate 80-100 grams.
- Potassium sulphate 30-40 grams.
- Wood Ash 1 kg.
In the center of the pit to drive a peg and attach a seedling to it.When planting, the root neck should be 30 cm higher than the soil.
It is more convenient to plant the plants together. One holds an apple tree, the other falls asleep. The soil should completely fill all voids, so from time to time shake the tree.
After the hole is filled with earth, it must be stamped onto .After, fill in another layer of soil. Now tie the tree to the peg. This must be done so that the fragile plant will not be broken by the wind.
After landing, the apple tree should be poured abundantly. Watering is better in several stages, so that the soil is thoroughly saturated with moisture .First, carefully pour one bucket of water and then at intervals of two more.
Small apple care is required. In the heat, with a lack of moisture, they usually dump apples. Therefore, abundant watering is necessary in a hot, dry period. In a week water 4-5 times.
After irrigation or rain in tree trunks, it is necessary to plow the earth .This will increase air access to the root system of the apple tree. After loosening, pour a layer of peat or humus mulch. This will prevent unnecessary work to remove weeds and drying out the soil.
With the onset of autumn, treat the trees with garden pitch and whitewash the trunks. Dig the pristvolnye circles, and add 20-30 kg of humus or compost for digging. In order to protect the tree from frost, the trunk is wrapped with , branches or a covering material.
Prevention of diseases and pests
Variety Borovinka, practically not susceptible to diseases and attacks of pests , but the prevention is still necessary to carry out. To do this, before the buds swell on the apple, should be treated with copper sulphate.200 grams of vitriol are diluted with 10 liters of water. This solution is treated with apple. Until the buds bloom, treat the trees with a Bordeaux mixture. It should be 3-4%.
In early spring, it is recommended to cut the crown and clean the tree bark from the dried bark of .At the same time, remove all frozen and broken branches. This procedure should be repeated in two weeks.
For prophylaxis, you can use drugs such as "Topaz", which is diluted with 2 ml per 10 liters of water or "Skor".From apple scab fungicides help well.
When the apple tree blossoms, spray it with "Malophos" .For 10 liters of water take 80 grams of funds. Thoroughly mix and process trees from insects.
Borovinka apples are stored until January-February. In order to preserve the fruits until spring, the apples should be folded in a container in rows .Put them stalk up and pour in sawdust. Storage temperature should be within + - 1 degree. Humidity should be kept 90-95%.Rows of apples sprinkled with sawdust or wrap each apple into paper.
sawdust to Gardeners, the Borovinka variety has attracted a lot for its yield and simplicity. He is able to adapt to different environmental conditions. Therefore, this variety is widespread in gardens around the world. If you take into account the characteristics of the variety and abide by the rules of care, then Borovinka will annually yield large yields of .
Valery: Planted winter Borovinka on his plot. No time to ripen.
Alexander: Borovinka summer brings quite a lot of fruit, but you need to put props, otherwise the branches under the weight just break off.
Olga: Not very tasty apples, but the variety is fruitful. In autumn you can make jam and compotes.