Cabbage grows almost every gardener on its own plot. The most practical are late varieties, for example, Amager. They have fewer problems with growing and are great for storage for the winter.
Amager - one of the oldest varieties of white cabbage. He was bred in the last century from seeds brought from Switzerland. It is distributed in all regions of the former USSR, with the exception of the Northern and East Siberian.
Considering ripening terms, Amager cabbage variety is considered to be as a late variety. The heading is described as large, dense, and has a flat or rounded flat shape. mass up to 3 kilograms .
Leaves are solid, dark green with a gray tint, raised, with a wax coating. The leaf plate form is wide and concave, wavy along the edges, the surface is smooth, from the outside has a weak wrinkle. The inner stalk is small.
Cabbage Amager differs from other varieties by the following indicators:
- Taste qualities .Improved after several months of storage;
- Resistance to temperature changes. Withstands falling to three degrees of frost, not afraid of heat.
- Long fresh storage and suitability for transportation. In comfortable conditions it is saved until April;
- High yield ;
- Does not crack due to excess moisture.
Has an instability against fusarial wilt - a fungal disease affecting tissue( rot of roots, seeds, fruits).
When storing the cabbage heads, may be covered with gray mold or dot necrosis in the form of gray spots of various shapes on the outer leaves. To reduce damage to the crop, the storage site and the heads themselves are treated with special means.
Preparing Seeds for Planting
To improve immunity to diseases, seeds are treated with Fitodsporin solution. Soak for 8-10 hours. The same solution disinfects the soil for sowing. This treatment is carried out the day before planting and reduces the risk of various diseases.
Sowing is carried out in early April to a depth of up to 2 cm .Cover with foil to create a greenhouse effect. At a temperature of about 20 degrees and good lighting shoots appear on the 4 - 5 day.
After this, the seedlings need to be moved to a cooler place .If this is not done, the shoots will begin to stretch, weaken and may die. After 12-15 days, the seedlings swoop into separate containers. Watered once a day with warm water in the morning.
Planting and Collection Schedule:
In the phase of the third true leaf, the first feeding is carried out, the second - when the fourth leaf appears.
Transplanting to the beds of
Seedlings with 5-6 true leaves of are planted in a permanent place in the middle of May .The distance between rows 60 cm , between bushes - 50 cm .Put in the prepared wells, plentifully spill water.
Landing is carried out in the morning or in the evening in warm cloudy weather.
The secrets of
care The main condition for obtaining a good harvest of Amager cabbage is abundant watering of .The soil should be sufficiently moist.
. Depending on weather conditions, it is recommended to irrigate, on average, 2 times a week .To reduce the number of waterings and retain moisture, a mulch layer is placed under the bushes. It consists of dried grass, fallen leaves or straw.
Late varieties have a weak root system. To strengthen it, is hilling cabbage after watering .
Scheme of fertilization
For proper development of the plant it is necessary to apply fertilizer. After planting in the ground, the first top dressing is carried out after 15 days with a liquid solution of mineral substances. In a bucket of water, dilute 20 g of potassium fertilizer and superphosphate, 10 g of urea. Such a solution contributes to enhanced growth of culture.
A very good tool is insulin mullein .Prepare it at the rate of: a mullein bucket for ten buckets of water. Insist two days. Bring half a liter under each bush.
The second dressing of cabbage is carried out two weeks after the first. In each well - one liter. You can reuse mullein or prepare an infusion of chicken droppings in a ratio of 1:25.
Wood ash sprinkle cabbage leaves to combat pests, in the form of infusion poured at the root. Mineral fertilizers affect the formation of large heads and improve the taste of cabbage.
For the third time, applies fertilizer after 10 days in the same way. Two weeks before harvesting, cabbage is fed a fourth time to improve storage properties.
Pest and Disease Control
Grade Amager is vulnerable to various diseases and pests. To preserve the crop, depending on the ripening period, chemical poisons and biological preparations are used.
To reduce the likelihood of infection or the spread of disease, proceed as follows:
- A diseased cabbage bush must be to dig along with the root and destroy , burn it better;
- Process the soil with a 5% solution of copper sulfate. Replace soil in greenhouses;
- Spray with drugs that increase disease resistance - Agat-25, Immunocytophyte ;
- Use resistant hybrids for growing.
You can get rid of aphids, caterpillars and slugs using traditional methods. Wood ash comes to the rescue. Spray it on the leaves, scatter it under the root or prepare a solution for watering. In the latter case, it is also an organic fertilizer.
You can alternate with spraying tobacco broth. A liter can of tobacco dust is brewed in two liters of boiling water. Strain, add water to a total of 10 liters.
Harvesting and storage of the crop.
. Crop is harvested depending on ripening. This is usually end of September - October .Cut the cabbies with a knife, leaving a long stalk. Harvesting is best done in dry weather.
Before laying in storage, each head must be inspected. More dense will be stored longer. Excess leaves are recommended to be torn off, dried for several hours in the open air.
With increased humidity and sharp temperature fluctuations in the storehouse, favorable conditions are created for the development of gray rot. First of all, it affects deformed or frozen cabbage. Affected heads of cabbage are isolated, and storage sites are treated with antifungal agents.
Cultivation of Amager cabbage, subject to certain rules, does not present any particular difficulties. The result of constant watering, timely feeding and disease prevention will be a generous crop that will be stored all winter. Having advantages over other types of cabbage, it is very popular among gardeners.