"Go to a sluggard to an ant, look at his ways and be wise." This eternal truth shows that January is a wonderful start for working in a greenhouse, in vegetable gardens and gardens. Although ants are asleep at this time, their organization can teach a lot to observant people. During the entire period of its wakefulness, insects work and achieve unprecedented success in this. Unlike them, people are intelligent creatures, never lose precious time in hibernation. They take care of their needs in the winter.
January troubles: garden
Someone might think: "What kind of work can there be in the garden in January, because the earth is lying under the snow?" So it is in the northern latitudes of Russia, Siberia and the Far East. But this does not mean that the villagers do not care about their garden. Only a sloth will find an excuse to do nothing.
During this period truck farmers of this territory are engaged in purchasing planting stock of vegetable crops. Just in January, you can slowly check the seeds for germination and if that, buy more fresh options.
If you do not check in advance the seeds for germination, there is a danger that they will not ascend at the appointed time. As a result - the loss of time, stress and low yield.
In order to test the germination of seeds, they need to germinate at home. At a time when on January street, at home, truck farmers grow seeds. They take a wet napkin or plain paper and spread out the planting material (approximately 20% of the entire pack).Above the "appliqué" is covered with slightly moistened gauze and taken to a warm darkened room. As the gauze dries up, it should be regularly moistened. Depending on the culture tested, the seeds will germinate on the 5th or 10th day.
For example, radish, cucumbers and melons begin to germinate on the fifth day. Tomatoes, carrots, zucchini and cabbage - for a week. Greens of parsley, dill and celery need 10 days for germination. Therefore it is important to regularly water the seeds and watch them closely.
A napkin with a set of seeds is best not to keep near the central heating batteries, fireplaces or stove. Seeds should germinate naturally. By the amount of germinating seeds, the percent of the similarity of the planting material will be seen.
Taking care of the garden in the middle of Russia, where the first month of the year is not so severe, you can think of the preparation of fertilizers, various growth stimulants and films to cover the early cultures.Some summer residents even prepare preparations for fighting pests that are ready to attack the fresh greens of young vegetables. Others, foreseeing possible plant diseases, are thinking about how best to protect their garden from any kind of misfortune.
January works in the greenhouse
Wherever we live we like greens and fresh vegetables. Often they are bought on the market, hoping that they have a lot of vitamin. Wise gardener try to grow these valuable plants on their own. Just January is the right month to start work.
In an area where the middle of the winter is not too cold (the southern part of Russia, Ukraine or Belarus), it is possible to install a winter greenhouse and grow fast-growing greens. The main thing is that it is heated and lighted.
In a pre-prepared soil, seeds of radish, spinach, arugula, and lettuce are sown. If you do this in January, then before the spring comes, there will be greenery on the table.
It is important in January to prepare a greenhouse for the new season. First of all, if there is a lot of snow on the street, the construction should be cleaned of it.Particular attention is paid to the outside of the greenhouse. If you do not remove the snow from there, it will serve as a "refrigerator which is not appropriate for it.
If a two-meter gap is made between a greenhouse and snow and covered with a ruberoid, it will be possible to create a warm space. As a result, the base of the structure will be warmed from sunlight, which is important for growing plants.
If there is no snow in the region, in January it is appropriate to inspect the greenhouse for integrity:
- wooden structures;
- film coating;
- glass, if any;
- cellular polycarbonate;
To ensure that the roof does not break under the weight of snow, additional supports must be installed. By the beginning of spring they can be removed. Thus, the January work in the greenhouse is the guarantee of the future harvest.
For colder regions, beds for greenery are recommended to be built in boxes in fertile soil. Sowing dill, parsley or lettuce in January, you can eat pretty fresh fresh vegetables quite quickly. In the same way, the onion is sipped under the greens. To do this, small bulbs, tightly pressing each other, stuck into the soil. So in a box there will be more than a landing material. Then, an artificial bed is put in a room where the temperature is not lower than 22 degrees.
As the soil dries, watering is performed. When the first shoots appear, the containers are transferred to the illuminated site. A few weeks later, a fresh feather of juicy onion will appear on the table. And January is not a hindrance in this matter!