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Thanks to the appearance of modern materials on the construction market, the developer was able to erect relatively inexpensive, beautiful and reliable fences. Despite this, the classic brick fence still enjoys constant popularity with domestic homeowners. Constructed according to all the rules, it will serve not only one decade to its owner with reliable protection from intruders and winds, will become a true decoration of the house, thanks to the diversity of architectural opportunities.
The independent erection of a brick fence is a rather complicated and not cheap task, but it is completely feasible. If the master has experience working with a brick, he can create a real masterpiece, using several types of bricks. This publication will tell you how to cope with the construction of a brick fence in the home, given advice and recommendations of specialists in the proper selection of materials, the creation of a reliable foundation and the correct laying structure.
Read also an article on the subject: a polycarbonate fence with your own hands.
Types of brick fences
In modern construction, two types of brick fences are most often used:
- base under the fence shield.
- blind fence.
In the first variant, the base and the support structure are laid out of bricks, and as a fence shield, to act the most diverse materials: corrugated board; polycarbonate; hardwood; metal fence. Particularly impressive and monumental look fences made of bricks in combination with wrought iron gratings and elements of artistic casting.
In the second variant, the supports (poles) and the fence board (piers) are a single structure that can be very attractive due to the variety of architectural solutions, masonry options, the selection of fragments of fencing with different colors and invoices. Below is a photo of fences made of bricks: deaf and under a fence shield:
At the beginning of the "zero" among domestic developers a special chic was considered to surround private property with a "deaf" brick fence with an insert made of rubble stone.
Choice of materials
The appearance and reliability of the brick fence entirely depends on the correct choice of materials. Today, the domestic construction market presents a lot of varieties of brick, differing from each other in properties, characteristics and appearance. In addition to these indicators, almost every type of material is represented by three sizes that are rigidly standardized.
- single - 250x120x65 mm.
- one and a half - 250х120х88 mm.
- double - 250x120x140 mm.
Traditionally, for the erection of barriers used red brick, which is of several types:
In addition, when constructing protective structures, a facing brick often simulating various building materials is often used. To create the most reliable fencing with the extended service life will allow frost-proof "super efficient" brick. Main differences: in density, composition, performance, appearance and material cost.
Calculation of the required number of bricks per 1 m2 of masonry.
Calculate how many pieces of material needed for the fence is simple: you need to know the total area the future fencing, the type of masonry and the type of brick used, as well as the number of building units in 1 m2 masonry. For ease of understanding, the table below shows the material consumption for different types of masonry and material type.
Calculating the amount of solution
Masonry brick fence is impossible without a cement-sand mortar, which consists of cement, sand and water. The proportions of the components in the solution depend on the brand of binder and the method of masonry. Calculation of the solution consumption per 1 m3 of masonry is shown in the table below.
The developer, previously not associated with construction work, it is difficult to estimate the number of building units in 1 m3 of masonry. That's why professionals recommend to focus on the following figures: on 1 m2 of laying will be required (on average), 5 m3 of solution.
It should be understood that this figure may vary depending on the thickness of the masonry.
Calculation of the required amount of concrete for the foundation
Make a calculation will be possible only after determining the total volume of the ribbon foundation. Initial data:
- The trench should be 700 mm wider than the masonry;
- The depth of the trench is not less than 800-1000 mm.
When laying "in brick" the width of the tape will be 1 m. If you take the depth of the foundation for 1 m (for simplicity of calculations), then for each meter of the strip foundation, 1 m3 of concrete is required. How much is in kg. concrete components is clearly shown in the table below.
Further everything is simple: the volume of concrete is calculated and the required number of components is calculated from the table.
Technology of erection of a brick fence by own hands
Work on the preparation for construction and the direct erection of the fence are carried out in three stages:
- We think out the design, choose the method of masonry, compose the project, calculate and acquire the necessary amount of materials.
- We perform marking, we make excavations (trenches under the ribbon foundation), we install the formwork, reinforce it and fill the foundation with a brick fence.
- We make the laying of supporting poles and fence piers.
Now about each stage in more detail.
We use roulette, cord and pegs to mark the foundation. Initially, we determine the angles of the future base of the fence, drive pegs, pull the cord along the outer perimeter. To prevent deformation, drive pegs along the outer wall of the future foundation.
Mark the inner perimeter. Depending on the type of masonry, we divide the width of the trench by 600-700 mm more than the width of the masonry. Example: When erecting poles in, a brick, a socle in 1 building unit, and piers in half a brick, the recommended width of the trench is 1 m.
Creating a foundation
By marking the trench with a swarm. Given the weight of the fence, the recommended depth should be 80 - 100 cm. The walls of the trench are aligned along the entire perimeter.
- We make a sand pillow. To do this, we pour sand onto the bottom of the trench, layer of 10-12 cm, then spill it with water and a ram.
- We expose the formwork. The height of the upper edge must be at least 100 mm above the ground. The upper face of the formwork should form an ideally straight line.
- Armiruyem. We connect the armature to the nets and lay it in trenches. You can use a simpler option: tie the reinforcing mesh into the pipe. The diameter of the resulting "pipe" should be equal to the width of the trench. In the places where the poles are laid, we install a metal pipe, with a diameter of 60 mm, and we connect it with reinforcement.
- Fill the foundation with concrete. You can do it yourself (calculations of the quantity of materials are given above), but can be ordered at the factory.
Concrete concrete in a trench is better with the help of a vibrator, which will allow to distribute the mixture evenly and to remove air as much as possible from it.
Construction of pillars and fence piers
Before laying, you should dismantle the formwork and cover the foundation with a layer of waterproofing. Further, it is necessary to decompose (without mortar) one span of the first row of bricks and check the layout. If everything is okay, proceed to laying.
- We apply a layer of mortar on the foundation around the pipe. We lay the brick, as shown in the figure, not forgetting to bind the elements along the ends.
- We check the horizon, stretch the thread along the upper edge of the lined row and form the first row of each support.
- We spread the supporting poles to the height of 3 bricks. The space between the bricks and the guide tube is filled with a solution.
- We spread the piers in each span to a height of three bricks, not forgetting to check the horizon with the building level.
- Observing the order, laid out posts. Each three rows of reinforced mesh, which is connected with the guiding tubes.
- Lay out the socle: two rows in two bricks.
- Puts laying in the center of the plinth laying in the floor of the building unit.
We finish the laying of the piers in each span.
As a conclusion
After the completion of the construction of the brick fence, it is necessary to install a pommel on each pole of the reinforced concrete to protect the masonry from rain, and perform (if necessary) plastering works. Examples of architectural solutions for brick fences are presented in the photo.
Fencing with elements of art forging.
Various design and options for masonry fencing.
The use of bricks of different colors.