A bright decoration of the garden or garden area will bebarberry Tounberg. Below in the text, its advantages and disadvantages will be considered and the best varieties will be described..
Table of contents
- Variety description
- Planting and caring for Tunberga barberry
- Advantages and disadvantages
- The most popular species are: with red, yellow, green and orange foliage
- Green-leaf varieties: Kobold, Maria, Erecta, Cornicum, Green Carpet
- Yellow-leafed: Aurea, Golden Rocket, Golden Carpet
- Red-leafed: Atropurpurea, Bagatel, Atropurpura Nana, Red Chif, Red Carpet, Rose Glaw, Admiral
Barbaris Tunberga - deciduous shrub of the Barberry familyheight up to 2 m native to the Far East. In the cultivated form the plant can be found practically in all corners of our planet.
This species of barberry has small round or spatulate leaves, painted in green, red or yellow depending on the variety. Arc-shaped shoots are dotted with centimetric elastic spines, rarely located.
After the end of the flowering period, the ovaries are formed, from which the fruits develop - the brilliant red berries are oblong in shape.The harvest ripens in the autumn from September to October.
Features of barberry Tounberg:
Planting and caring for Tunberga barberry
In the care of Barabaris Thunberg unpretentious. It grows best in places that are completely exposed to the sun, but can also tolerate lightness of the shade.
It is desirable to protect the plant from drafts and strong wind. The soil must be light, air-and moisture-permeable.
If in the area where the planting is planned, heavy dense soil, planting holes are recommended to fill suitable soil, which can be prepared independently from sand, humus and turf ( 2).
With the exception of a prolonged drought,barberry does not need watering. Occasionally, the soil around the bushes can be slightly rinsed. Under the winter it is mulched, falling asleep with a layer of compost, sawdust or bark.
Once a year in the spring, organic fertilizers are introduced. In pruning, also carried out in the spring, only need a bushes with loose crown in order to form it and frozen for the winter shoots.
Barbaris Thunberg - landing and care features:
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantage of barberry Tounberg is its decorativeness. The shape of the crown, the color of the leaves, the compactness of the bush -Barberry is simply created for use in landscape design.
It is used in the design of curbs, alpine hills, hedges, it is good and in combination with other plants, and as a single accent.
This is also facilitated by a huge variety of varieties, differing in density, height and color of the crown.
In addition, this species of barberry is more resistant to the most common pests of this family - rust and powdery mildew.
The main drawback of the barberry of Tunberg, as well as other representatives of this family, according to gardeners, is its prickling.
In this regard, a certain complexity is represented by work to care for it (weeding from weeds, pruning shoots) and harvesting fruits.
Most barberry varieties are frost-resistant, but at very low temperatures, the tips of the shoots can freeze. This defect is eliminated by spring pruning and the shrub quickly regenerates..
The most popular species are: with red, yellow, green and orange foliage
Barbaris Tunberga is widely used as an ornamental plant, and on the market you can find a variety for every taste and color, of which the most popular are:
- Green-leaved varieties- Kobold, Maria, Erecta, Cornic, Green Carpet.
- Red-leafed- Atropurpurea, Atropurpurea Nana, Bagatel, Red Chif, Red Carpet, Rose Glaw, Admiral.
- Yellow-leafed- Aurea, Golden Rocket, Golden Carpet.
Varieties of barberry with red and yellow leaves are best planted in open places, well lit by the sun. In the shade, their leaves acquire a greenish tint and lose their decorative effect.
Green-leaf varieties: Kobold, Maria, Erecta, Cornicum, Green Carpet
Shrubs with green leaves are most familiar to our eye.
Grade Kobold- a dwarf shrub with a dense spherical crown of 50 cm high and a saturated green color of foliage. He is unpretentious to the soil, suffers a small drought, the only requirement is good lighting.
Grade Mariahas straight shoots of height up to, m, blooms with yellow flowers with a harsh smell. The plant prefers light shade and well drained soil, it is distinguished by good winter hardiness..
Sort of erect- Colon-shaped shrub in height up to, m with a dense crown. The crown has a gently-green color, with age it becomes more spreading, but retains its density. When flowering, throws out flowers with yellow petals inside and reddish outside. The harvest for a long time remains on the branches.
Variety Kornikhas a dense crown and straight high (up to 2 m) shoots. Dark green leaves are decorated with thin marble veins. The crown is strongly and unevenly branched. The bush grows rapidly, adding up to 60 cm a year.
Variety Green Carpet- spreading shrub up to 1 m high with very dense green foliage. Branches are often directed not in height, but in the sides.
Flowering is almost imperceptible - small flowers have a soft green tint. This variety grows well on fertile, sufficiently moist soil and requires a lot of sun.
Yellow-leafed: Aurea, Golden Rocket, Golden Carpet
Yellow-leaved varieties of barberry in the landscape look good both in group plantings and single bushes, standing out with bright color spots.
Variety Aurea- a shrub with a compact compact crown up to 1 m high. Yellow foliage has various shades from lemon to golden.
The plant requires diffuse lighting, since under direct sunlight it can burn out, and in the shade the leaves turn green. The variety is drought-resistant, it tolerates small frosts.
Grade Golden Rocket- a bright yellow column-shaped shrub up to, m. The best variety grows in neutral soils in sunny or slightly shaded places.
The plant is frost-resistant, unpretentious in care and rarely exposed to diseases and pests.
Sort of Golden Carpethas a dense spreading crooked crown up to, m. The plant is undemanding to the soil, but needs good lighting and does not tolerate overmoistening.
Young shoots do not tolerate frosts, so in the first 2-3 years of life, bushes should be sheltered for the winter.
Red-leafed: Atropurpurea, Bagatel, Atropurpura Nana, Red Chif, Red Carpet, Rose Glaw, Admiral
Among all the varieties of barberry, Tunberga, red-leaved varieties are distinguished, the crowns of which have shades from pinkish-red to purple.
Atropurpura- a high (up to 2 m) shrub with a thick sprawling crown of a rich purple color.
The plant is not exacting to the soil, it is resistant to drought and frost, it loves good lighting. After reaching the age of 5-6 years, bushes are recommended to thin out in the spring.
Variety Atropurpura Nanahas a compact lush crown up to 60 cm high. leaves have a purple-red color, sometimes with a brownish tinge. The variety is drought-and frost-resistant, light-loving, not demanding on soils.
Variety Bagatel- dwarf shrub up to 40 cm high. A very dense crown has a spherical shape and a rich dark purple color.
The plant prefers fertile, well drained soil, has good winter hardiness.
Variety Red Chif- spreading shrub in height up to, m with a dense purple foliage. The plant prefers well-lit or slightly shaded areas, it is undemanding to the soils, it does not tolerate too much soil moistening.
Variety Red Carpet- a dense shrub with straight shoots of height up to, m and red leaves. The plant prefers good illumination, to the undemanding.
Ros Rose Glowhas a spreading crown height of up to, m with a pink-red crown. Leaves can have a raspberry color with pink veins. The plant is frost-resistant and drought-resistant, it is not exacting to soils, it loves good illumination, but it tolerates a slight shadow.
Grade Admirement- a dwarf shrub up to 40 cm high with a spherical crown. Red leaves along the edge are decorated with a yellow rim.
For this variety, a light neutral soil is most preferable. The plant has good resistance to frost, pests and diseases.
Thus, the unpretentiousness of Barberis Tunberg allowsit is easy to grow even an inexperienced gardener. It will be an excellent decoration for any infield..