While not very popular, buta promising variety of apple Lobo, suitable for connoisseurs of large and sweet fruits.
They deduced it in Canada on the basis of another sort of famous apples with the help of free pollination. Alsothe variety actively fructifies and does not want to care, which contributed to its rapid spread in the garden areas..
Table of contents
- History of breeding
- Characteristics and description of the variety
- Storing apples
- Advantages and disadvantages of apple Lobo
- Reviews of gardeners
History of breeding
Apple Lobot varieties were bred in 1906, in the city of Ottawa- the capital of Canada. For their creation, free pollination of the seeds of Macintosh apples was used.
Received applesbegan to gain popularity in 1920, when they began to grow famous masters in the field of breeding and simple gardeners. In the same year, the variety spread across the Baltic and Byelorussia.
It is promising to grow a variety on the territory of the Lower Volga region. Also, these apple trees are popular in Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine and the Baltic republics..
Characteristics and description of the variety
The trees of this variety have an average height, which in the first time after disembarkation are actively growing. In this period, an oval, elongated crown forms at the Lobo apple tree. After the cessation of growth, they acquire a rounded outline and are thinned out.
The young shoots of the variety are characterized by a cherry tint. Large leaves of bright green color usually have an ovoid shape. The surface of the sheet is matte and with small roughnesses, and its end is sharp, sometimes it is dissected.
The apples are large in size, weigh up to 180 grams. In form they are usually round or slightly elongated conical.
Initially, the fruit is formed yellow-green color, and during the maturation they become red. But Lobo apples can buy a dark-burgundy shade with a wax coating during harvesting.
White fruit pulp is distinguished by a granular structure.Fruits are sweet to the taste, with a slight sourness. Apples are very juicy, so they can be used to make juices.
This type of apple is fast-growing, since the beginning of the vegetation period falls on 3-4 years. Fruiting is regular and abundant. One tree can yield up to 380 kg of harvest.
Harvest volumes from one apple tree are increased annually. The most productive are those years in which the air contains a large amount of moisture.
The apple tree Lobo ripens in the last autumn months, before the first frosts, so this variety is called winter. Full ripening of fruits occurs in October.
This process lasts all at once at all apples, thereforecollect them in a week..
The harvest is kept until January. It is worth remembering that the fruits of Lobo can be stored for a maximum of 3 months. For the fourth month on apples the drying and loosening of the pulp is noticeably noticeable.
If there are possible sudden temperature changes in the storage room, you should insulate the containers with fruit. The optimal temperature for storing Lobo apples isfrom 2 to 7 degrees Celsius..
Advantages and disadvantages of apple Lobo
All varieties of apple trees have both advantages and disadvantages.
The main advantages of Lobo are:
- fruits of high marketability (large size, excellent taste properties);
- resistance to frost;
- tolerability of dry conditions due to the average height of trees;
- constant fruiting;
- substantial yield;
- excellent transportability.
But for apple of this varietythere are disadvantages:
- small fruit storage period - about 2-3 months;
- In wet conditions with rainy weather, trees and fruits are affected by scab and powdery mildew.
To achieve the growth of a quality tree that will yield a plentiful harvest each year, it is necessary to take into account a number of important factors when planting young apple trees.
To startyou need to consider the distance between plantings, which depends on the size of the adult tree. With average growth, the gap should be, meter.
If a large number of plants are planted, the distance is increased to 5 meters.
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- Full description of the variety of apples Antonovka.
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Requirements for the soil depend on the time of planting Lobo seedlings.If planned to plant them in the spring, they prepare the soil in the fall, allowing it to fade and warm up well.
For autumn plantingYoung trees are prepared for the soil a few months before the start of work.
In the case of a primary digging of the earth, weeds must be removed, fertilized with fertilizing, and after some time digs again. For 1 meter of area, 5 to 8 kg of manure or humus is applied.
If the soil is treated in autumn, then large clods of land do not loosen. The sod should be left until the spring. With the acidity value, the pH of the earth is higher, lime is added to the ground.
Digging a pit under the apple trees, we must remember that its volume should be enough for the seedling along with the root system and fertile soil, which is placed on the bottom of the groove. thereforeit is desirable to make a pit 1 meter wide and 90 cm deep.
Burying the seedling, it is necessary to apply only the top fertile layer to give the tree a good growth. The bottom of the pit is covered with a mixture of fertilizing, occupying 2/3 of the volume from the groove under the planting.
Usually for thistake 1 kg of superphosphate, 1 kg of ash, 2-3 buckets of humus and 3-4 buckets of peat. All components are mixed and placed in a pit. Then plant a seedling, dig in and trample the soil near it..
Lobo apple trees are unpretentious to care. It is enough to monitor the condition of trees regularly and to prevent various diseases.
When the apple tree is planted, the main root is rotated at an angle of 90 °, so that the culture takes better nutrients and actively develops.
Young seedling requires regular watering, but in moderate amounts. Excess moisture can lead to rotting of the plant.
The tree is tied to a wooden peg, preferably it is made in the form of a figure-eight. When planting in the spring period, it is important to form the crown, for which the ends of all branches are cut off.
It is advisable to excavate the seedling so that the soil remains on its roots. To keep it to the maximum on the root system, before the transplant the tree is watered abundantly.
Intensive care for apple Lobo begin in the first spring, regardless of the time of planting.
To achieve fruiting apple trees for 4-5 yearsthey are fertilized with nitric organic and mineral top dressings, as well as urea.
In summer, ash is introduced into the soil, and as a fertilizer use compost and potash fertilizers.
It is useful to mulch the near-trunk circle with manure, which must be sprinkled with straw or dry grass from above.
Lobo apple trees are weakly resistant to fungal lesions, so their prevention is mandatory. To this end, the following procedures are carried out:
- remove the affected parts;
- they make ash in the ground;
- form the crown;
- treated with colloidal sulfur and copper compounds;
- fertilize with phosphorus and potassium solutions;
- on time harvest.
Reviews of gardeners
Many gardeners note thatThe apples of Lobo variety are characterized by high and regular yields. Also, the variety is well tolerated by dry weather conditions.
You can read several real opinions about this culture:
"We live in the north of the Moscow region. The fruits are delicious, large and beautiful, fully ripen on September 1-10. Apple trees yield a high yield, but branches can break under a lot of fruit. I advise all gardeners. "
"Apple trees give fruits of high quality. But to remove the fruits of this Canadian variety is desirable in late September, and can be consumed after a small storage. The disadvantages are weak resistance to scab and would like higher winter hardiness. "
"Very juicy apples with a hard flesh, from which you get a delicious juice. With simple care, you can collect a rich harvest of bulk and large apples! "
A variety of apples Lobo is appreciated as among amateur gardeners, and in agriculture. Fruits are suitable for consumption in raw form, and also they are often used for processing.
The tree has also decorative qualities, so it can decorate any landscape design..